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Week Ending October 10, 2010

Agricultural Summary

Warmer than average temperatures and little to no rain caused crops to mature more rapidly than normal and allowed farmers to make significant progress with over 1.5 million acres harvested. There were 6.9 days suitable for fieldwork statewide. A further decline in topsoil moisture was seen this week as supplies were rated 10 percent very short, 22 percent short, 66 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. This week, supplies were rated 32 percent short to very short compared with 18 percent a week earlier. The south-central district and Bootheel reported 79 and 92 percent short to very short, respectively. Fall tillage was 30 percent complete, 38 days ahead of last year and 19 days ahead of the 5-year average (normal). On-farm storage availability for this year’s harvest was rated 22 percent short, 75 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus, similar to a week earlier. The northeast and west-central districts reported 41 and 58 percent short, respectively.

Field Crops Report

Corn harvest advanced more rapidly than normal to reach 74 percent Statewide, 39 days ahead of last year and 18 days ahead of normal. The northwest, northeast, and west-central districts progressed more than 20 points from last week. Corn harvest is nearly complete in the southern third of the State. Respondents are reporting corn moisture at harvest between 13.9 percent in the west-central district and 16.4 percent in the northeast district for a State average of 15.5 percent. Nearly all the soybeans have turned color and leaves have dropped on 84 percent of the crop, up 20 points from last week. This is 9 days ahead of last year and 2 days ahead of normal. Soybean maturity, up 28 points from a week earlier, reached 67 percent, over 8 days ahead of last year and 2 days ahead of the normal pace. Soybean harvest was 36 percent complete, 22 days ahead of last year and 3 days ahead of normal. Soybean condition was rated 5 percent very poor, 13 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 41 percent good, and 10 percent excellent, similar to last week. Cotton harvest progressed 23 points to reach 73 percent complete, 39 days ahead of last year’s slow pace and 25 days ahead of normal. Rice harvest was virtually complete, 37 days ahead of last year and 31 days ahead of normal. Sorghum has reached 92 percent maturity, 3 weeks ahead of last year and 13 days ahead of normal. Sorghum harvest was 57 percent complete, 30 days ahead of last year and nearly 10 days ahead of normal. The northwest, central, and southwest districts advancement more than 20 points from a week earlier. Sorghum condition was rated 2 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 30 percent fair, 55 percent good, and 6 percent excellent, similar to last week. Planting of winter wheat was 29 percent complete, 25 days ahead of last year and 2 days ahead of normal. Six percent of the wheat crop has emerged, 2 days ahead of last year but 2 days behind normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition was rated 8 percent very poor, 10 percent poor, 35 percent fair, 43 percent good, and 4 percent excellent, slightly worse than a week earlier. Conditions this year are rated 47 percent good to excellent, compared with 76 percent last year and 38 percent normal. Due to the lack of precipitation, pasture condition in the south-central district and Bootheel continue to be the poorest in the State and were rated 64 and 59 percent poor to very poor, respectively.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were normal to 7 degrees above normal across the State. Rainfall averaged 0.01 of an inch Statewide as most of the state reported no precipitation. Of the 4 counties that reported rainfall, Carroll county had the most with 0.56 of an inch.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of October 10, 2010
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 6.9 6.7 6.9 7.0 6.9 7.0 6.8 7.0 7.0 7.0
Last Year 2.5 3.3 2.3 2.3 2.6 2.5 2.4 1.6 2.9 2.1
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 10 2 0 0 0 0 21 1 31 50
Short 22 11 11 21 21 12 25 31 48 42
Adequate 66 86 87 71 79 84 52 68 21 8
Surplus 2 1 2 8 0 4 2 0 0 0
Ground Worked Fall Tillage, Percent                    
This Year 30 14 16 19 23 25 32 58 73 53
Last Year 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Normal 11                  
Corn Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 74 55 61 63 94 83 87 99 97 100
Last Year 36 21 29 9 36 46 32 53 61 79
Normal 64                  
Soybeans Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 36 35 26 45 25 38 39 12 30 44
Last Year 16 17 18 9 11 29 17 1 10 19
Normal 29                  
Sorghum Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 57 31 19 38 93 36 29 83 83 93
Last Year 19 13 9 3 38 11 5 4 58 46
Normal 47                  
Winter Wheat Planted, Percent                    
This Year 29 42 18 32 20 21 38 15 36 35
Last Year 12 41 12 7 9 7 5 20 38 17
Normal 24                  
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 5 3 8 1 3 3 1 0 5 15
Poor 13 10 21 8 16 9 5 11 6 17
Fair 31 23 31 43 37 31 17 38 20 30
Good 41 48 30 33 37 50 69 41 58 34
Excellent 10 16 10 15 7 7 8 10 11 4
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 2 0 3 0 0 0 1 0 14 10
Poor 7 1 9 1 7 8 4 4 7 17
Fair 30 21 38 43 16 33 30 14 7 39
Good 55 68 43 43 70 54 60 82 65 32
Excellent 6 10 7 13 7 5 5 0 7 2
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 8 0 4 1 3 0 2 1 38 37
Poor 10 3 9 6 15 4 9 7 26 22
Fair 35 28 35 42 49 28 39 38 32 37
Good 43 63 49 41 28 64 41 48 4 4
Excellent 4 6 3 10 5 4 9 6 0 0
ON-Farm Storage Availability                    
Short 22 22 3 41 58 5 14 0 6 23
Adequate 75 74 95 50 42 95 84 100 94 77
Surplus 3 4 2 9 0 0 2 0 0 0
Corn Moisture at Harvest, Percent                    
This Year 15.5 15.9 15.8 16.4 13.9 15.3 15.7 14.7 14.5 14.3
Normal 19.0                  
Average Precipitation 0.01 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00