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Week Ending October 24, 2010

Agricultural Summary

Another week of above-average temperatures and little rain has allowed for a rapid harvest and winter wheat seeding. Fall pasture and wheat emergence are suffering due to the lack of moisture. There were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork statewide. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 14 percent very short, 29 percent short, 55 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. This is slightly drier than a week earlier as supplies were rated 43 percent short to very short compared with 40 percent a week earlier. The south-central district and Bootheel reported 91 and 92 percent short to very short, respectively. Fall tillage was 53 percent complete, well ahead of last year and 20 days ahead of the 5-year average (normal). On-farm storage availability for this year’s harvest was rated 25 percent short, 72 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus, less adequate than a week earlier. Storage capacity in the central district was reported as 30 percent short compared with 6 percent reported last week.

Field Crops Report

Corn harvest continued to advance more rapidly than normal to reach 90 percent Statewide, 40 days ahead of last year and 25 days ahead of normal. The northern third of the State progressed another 8 or more points from last week. Respondents are reporting corn moisture at harvest between 13.6 percent in the south-central district and 14.9 percent in the Bootheel for a State average of 14.6 percent. Soybeans mature reached 95 percent, 14 days ahead of last year and 9 days ahead of the normal pace. Soybean harvest, up 21 points from a week earlier, was 79 percent complete, nearly 21 days ahead of last year and 14 days ahead of normal. Cotton harvest was 96 percent complete, well ahead of last year and 38 days ahead of normal. Sorghum harvest was 89 percent complete, 37 days ahead of last year and nearly 23 days ahead of normal. Nearly all sorghum has been harvested in the northwest and west-central districts as well as in the southern third of the State. Planting of winter wheat was 74 percent complete, up 20 points from last week. This is 40 days ahead of last year and over 13 days ahead of normal. Thirty-five percent of the wheat crop has emerged, 23 days ahead of last year and 3 days ahead of normal. Winter wheat condition was rated 4 percent very poor, 12 percent poor, 43 percent fair, 40 percent good, and 1 percent excellent. Conditions in the Bootheel were rated 35 percent poor to very poor.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition was rated 4 percent very poor, 15 percent poor, 38 percent fair, 38 percent good, and 5 percent excellent, similar to a week earlier. Conditions this year are rated 43 percent good to excellent, compared with 76 percent last year and 40 percent normal. Due to the lack of precipitation, pasture conditions in the south-central district and Bootheel continue to be the poorest in the State and were rated 53 and 85 percent poor to very poor, respectively.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were 4 to 7 degrees above normal across the State. Rainfall averaged 0.31 of an inch Statewide. Worth county received the most precipitation with 2.19 inches of rainfall. The northwest district has received 1.19 inches of rainfall in the past 4 weeks, whereas all other districts have received less than an inch.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of October 24, 2010
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 6.3 5.8 6.1 6.1 6.2 6.4 6.6 6.4 6.9 7.0
Last Year 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.6 1.8 1.7 2.6 2.9 2.9 3.4
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 14 1 3 3 5 2 27 5 39 65
Short 29 19 15 28 28 23 47 45 52 27
Adequate 55 77 80 59 67 75 26 50 9 8
Surplus 2 3 2 10 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ground Worked Fall Tillage, Percent                    
This Year 53 43 41 42 50 45 67 76 80 73
Last Year 6 9 8 2 4 5 6 5 12 8
Normal 25                  
Corn Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 90 79 91 87 97 93 98 100 100 100
Last Year 43 29 36 17 44 53 41 88 76 97
Normal 71                  
Soybeans Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 79 79 77 80 81 75 81 57 90 81
Last Year 27 28 23 17 20 37 22 1 22 39
Normal 52                  
Sorghum Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 89 97 89 78 100 69 65 100 100 100
Last Year 27 20 15 5 50 16 10 6 85 55
Normal 61                  
Winter Wheat Planted, Percent                    
This Year 74 89 60 77 62 50 82 76 85 81
Last Year 19 55 21 8 19 8 8 24 49 25
Normal 50                  
Winter Wheat Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 35 61 24 43 19 28 34 48 61 34
Last Year 13 54 17 6 8 7 5 13 42 16
Normal 30                  
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 10
Poor 12 1 18 5 1 1 6 0 0 25
Fair 43 33 34 46 49 53 54 1 15 52
Good 40 63 43 47 50 46 38 99 84 13
Excellent 1 3 5 2 0 0 2 0 0 0
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 4 0 3 2 2 1 10 3 9 39
Poor 15 5 9 8 10 12 14 10 44 46
Fair 38 24 41 50 43 35 44 36 44 13
Good 38 63 44 32 30 52 29 45 3 2
Excellent 5 8 3 8 15 0 3 6 0 0
ON-Farm Storage Availability                    
Short 25 21 4 40 40 30 23 0 1 19
Adequate 72 73 93 50 60 70 77 100 99 81
Surplus 3 6 3 10 0 0 0 0 0 0
Corn Moisture at Harvest, Percent                    
This Year 14.6 14.7 14.4 14.7 14.1 14.6 14.7 14.7 13.6 14.9
Last Year 19.0                  
Average Precipitation 0.31 0.96 0.54 0.51 0.18 0.08 0.07 0.52 0.00 0.00