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Week Ending October 31, 2010

Agricultural Summary

Although some rainfall was received throughout the State during the week, producers made significant progress at an above-average pace with harvest and winter wheat seeding. Fall pasture, stock water supplies, and wheat emergence continue to suffer due to the lack of moisture. There were 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork statewide. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 18 percent very short, 32 percent short, 49 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. This is drier than a last week as supplies were rated 50 percent short to very short compared with 43 percent a week earlier. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 12 percent very short, 26 percent short, 60 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. Supplies were rated 38 percent short to very short compared with 17 percent a month earlier. The south-central district and Bootheel continue to be extremely dry, as they reported 83 and 85 percent short to very short, respectively. Fall tillage was 65 percent complete, well ahead of last year and 24 days ahead of the 5-year average (normal). On-farm storage availability for this year’s harvest was rated 29 percent short, 68 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus, less adequate than a week earlier. Storage availability in the east-central district was reported as 36 percent short compared with 23 percent reported last week.

Field Crops Report

Corn harvest reached 94 percent Statewide, more significantly advanced than last year and 26 days ahead of normal. The northwest district progressed another 9 points from last week. Respondents are reporting corn moisture at harvest between 14.1 percent in the northwest and north-central districts, and 14.8 percent in the east-central district with a State average of 14.4 percent. Soybean harvest, up 11 points from a week earlier, was 90 percent complete, 25 days ahead of last year and 16 days ahead of normal. Sorghum harvest was 94 percent complete, well ahead of last year and nearly 23 days ahead of normal. Nearly all sorghum has been harvested throughout most of the State with the exception of the central and east-central districts. Planting of winter wheat was 89 percent complete, up 15 points from last week. This is greatly ahead of last year and over 22 days ahead of normal. Fifty-six percent of the wheat crop has emerged, 31 days ahead of last year and nearly 9 days ahead of normal. Winter wheat condition was rated 3 percent very poor, 10 percent poor, 44 percent fair, 42 percent good, and 1 percent excellent, similar to a week earlier. Rain in the Bootheel improved wheat conditions which were rated 27 percent poor to very poor compared with 35 last week.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition was rated 11 percent very poor, 15 percent poor, 38 percent fair, 34 percent good, and 2 percent excellent, worse than a week earlier. Due to the continued lack of precipitation, pasture conditions in the south-central district and Bootheel continue to be the poorest in the State and were rated 71 and 86 percent poor to very poor, respectively. Supplies of hay and other roughages were rated 5 percent very short, 4 percent short, 87 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus. The south-central district reported 34 percent short to very short. Stock water supplies were rated 4 percent very short, 11 percent short, 83 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. Although supplies have declined on average over the past month Statewide, stock water in the Bootheel diminished more rapidly and was reported as 79 percent short to very short compared with 18 percent a month earlier.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were normal to 2 degrees above normal across the State. Rainfall averaged 0.28 of an inch Statewide. Monroe county received the most precipitation with 1.30 inches of rainfall. The northwest district has received 1.31 inches of rainfall in the past 4 weeks, whereas all other districts have received around an inch or less.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of October 31, 2010
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 6.5 6.7 6.2 6.2 7.0 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.7 6.3
Last Year 1.2 1.9 1.4 0.7 1.9 0.8 0.5 0.7 0.7 1.1
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 18 3 2 8 7 6 15 8 63 55
Short 32 18 30 26 43 30 62 37 32 37
Adequate 49 78 64 65 50 64 23 55 5 8
Surplus 1 1 4 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Subsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 12 3 1 2 5 4 6 7 51 32
Short 26 29 11 20 24 16 29 31 32 53
Adequate 60 65 84 73 71 80 65 62 17 15
Surplus 2 3 4 5 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ground Worked Fall Tillage, Percent                    
This Year 65 55 57 48 52 48 74 78 86 78
Last Year 9 13 10 2 4 7 8 2 34 11
Normal 33                  
Corn Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 94 88 93 89 98 96 99 100 100 100
Last Year 48 31 41 19 54 56 50 91 81 99
Normal 77                  
Soybeans Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 90 90 87 93 89 89 91 76 93 91
Last Year 32 33 27 19 22 43 24 2 26 46
Normal 64                  
Sorghum Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 94 100 96 95 100 81 80 100 100 100
Last Year 31 23 19 5 55 16 13 6 91 60
Normal 68                  
Winter Wheat Planted, Percent                    
This Year 89 95 87 93 80 77 92 89 93 92
Last Year 21 58 30 9 20 8 11 24 50 26
Normal 63                  
Winter Wheat Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 56 77 51 61 43 51 58 61 66 56
Last Year 16 55 26 8 10 8 7 15 46 20
Normal 42                  
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 3 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 18 7
Poor 10 4 15 9 3 1 2 0 2 20
Fair 44 50 27 52 46 56 65 10 12 48
Good 42 44 54 36 51 43 33 89 68 25
Excellent 1 1 4 2 0 0 0 1 0 0
Supply of Hay and Other Roughages                    
Very Short 5 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 26 1
Short 4 0 2 9 2 6 0 0 8 12
Adequate 87 92 90 71 88 93 99 100 66 87
Surplus 4 8 8 18 10 1 1 0 0 0
Stock Water Supplies                    
Very Short 4 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 21 1
Short 11 0 2 7 1 9 14 5 27 78
Adequate 83 96 94 84 99 90 85 95 52 21
Surplus 2 4 4 9 0 1 0 0 0 0
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 11 1 1 1 3 1 5 5 38 65
Poor 15 6 6 11 5 15 17 13 33 21
Fair 38 42 38 52 53 38 51 32 28 13
Good 34 50 52 30 34 46 27 45 1 1
Excellent 2 1 3 6 5 0 0 5 0 0
ON-Farm Storage Availability                    
Short 29 25 5 43 38 48 36 0 6 19
Adequate 68 73 86 48 62 52 64 100 94 81
Surplus 3 2 9 9 0 0 0 0 0 0
Corn Moisture at Harvest, Percent                    
This Year 14.4 14.1 14.1 14.3 14.3 14.5 14.8 14.2 13.7 14.9
Last Year 19.0                  
Average Precipitation 0.28 0.12 .020 0.54 0.23 0.26 0.35 0.19 0.25 0.56