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Week Ending May 1, 2011

Agricultural Summary

Cool temperatures and continued intermittent rain allowed only 1.2 days suitable for fieldwork. The northwest had 2.3 days suitable for fieldwork and the southeast district had no days suitable for fieldwork. Little progress was made with spring tillage, now sitting at 50 percent complete, 13 days behind last year, and 8 days behind average. Continued heavy rain in the southeast district pressured levees and drainage ditches in the Little River Drainage District and along the Lower Mississippi River. Other flooding was reported in low bottom-lands of the Gasconade and St. Francis rivers. Topsoil moisture was 41 percent adequate and 59 percent surplus. The southeast district was rated 100 percent surplus, and the south-central was 6 percent adequate and 94 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was 1 percent short, 67 percent adequate, and 32 percent surplus.

Field Crops Report

Corn planting stalled at 32 percent, 14 days behind last year, and 10 days behind normal. Replanting will be necessary due to standing water in fields across the state. Corn emergence was 15 percent, 8 days behind last year, and 6 days behind the 5-year average. Rice planting held steady at 13 percent, 19 days behind last year and 18 days behind normal. Rice emerged was 5 percent. Sorghum planting was 1 percent, unchanged from last week, 19 days behind last year, and 20 days behind average. Winter wheat heading and beyond was 27 percent, 4 days ahead of last year, and 1 day ahead of normal. Winter wheat condition began to be impacted by the wet spring, measuring 2 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 41 percent fair, 39 percent good, and 7 percent excellent. Soybean planting began in the northwest and north-central districts. No cotton was reported planted, well behind 15 percent last year and 24 percent for the historic 5-year average.

Pasture & Livestock

Hay and other roughage supply was 2 percent short, 89 percent adequate, and 9 percent surplus. Stock water supplies were 64 percent adequate and 36 percent surplus. The south-central district measured 4 percent adequate and 96 percent surplus. Pasture conditions remained similar to last week with 5 percent poor, 37 percent fair, 48 percent good, and 10 percent excellent. Warmer, drier conditions are needed to aid pasture development.

Weather Summary

Precipitation averaged 2.65 inches state-wide with the southeast district measuring 8.38 inches and the northeast 0.35 of an inch. Some backwater flooding was reported in the northeast district due to the Mississippi River, not the weekly rainfall. Bollinger, Cape Girardeau, and Pemiscot Counties reported greater than 10 inches of rainfall. Temperatures were 1 to 4 degrees below average state-wide.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of May 1, 2011
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 1.2 2.3 1.7 0.6 1.5 1.2 0.6 1.2 0.3 0
Last Year 2.1 2 0.7 0.5 1.6 1.6 1.8 5.1 4 3.1
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Adequate 41 84 68 38 36 47 29 23 6 0
Surplus 59 14 32 62 64 53 71 77 94 100
Subsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 1 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Adequate 67 86 75 68 78 78 72 52 45 32
Surplus 32 11 25 32 22 22 28 48 55 68
Ground Worked Spring Tillage, Percent                    
This Year 50 63 63 40 59 49 34 61 61 43
Last Year 72 63 61 61 77 75 71 85 93 87
Normal 60                  
Corn Planted, Percent                    
This Year 32 32 42 19 51 24 10 30 24 43
Last Year 72 59 66 73 71 73 80 90 92 97
Normal 52                  
Corn Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 15 6 19 9 29 10 5 20 4 31
Last Year 36 19 31 25 35 40 30 65 31 77
Normal 26                  
Sorghum Planted, Percent                    
This Year 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 12 2
Last Year 9 6 3 8 17 2 5 1 9 22
Normal 10                  
Winter Wheat Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 27 0 0 1 9 1 13 29 0 54
Last Year 17 0 2 0 3 0 21 0 11 41
Normal 25                  
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 2 0 1 2 0 0 5 0 1 4
Poor 11 1 11 6 3 13 12 8 10 15
Fair 41 19 33 27 16 40 34 40 31 58
Good 39 67 49 53 57 34 44 47 6 23
Excellent 7 13 6 12 24 13 5 5 52 0
Supply of Hay and Other Roughages                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 2 3 0 4 0 3 1 0 2 0
Adequate 89 86 79 72 74 94 96 100 96 100
Surplus 9 11 21 24 26 3 3 0 2 0
Stock Water Supplies                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Adequate 64 95 85 55 93 75 48 61 4 29
Surplus 36 4 14 44 7 25 52 39 96 71
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 1 0 0
Poor 5 1 14 5 0 5 13 2 2 1
Fair 37 31 47 47 23 39 47 32 39 2
Good 48 58 33 39 55 53 36 46 47 89
Excellent 10 10 6 7 22 3 3 19 12 8
                     
Average Precipitation 2.65 0.46 0.58 0.35 1.14 1.23 2.87 4.22 6.09 8.38