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Week Ending May 15, 2011

Agricultural Summary

Flood waters began to disperse after last week’s massive flooding. Areas with good drainage and higher elevation returned to planting. Flooding continued along the St. Francis River and in New Madrid County. State-wide there were 3.7 days suitable for fieldwork. The southwest district had 5.3 days suitable for fieldwork compared to 1.9 days in the south-central district. Topsoil moisture continued to be sufficient with 2 percent short, 56 percent adequate, and 42 percent surplus. Spring tillage, at 73 percent, was similar to normal (5-year historic average) at 71 percent, but 12 days behind last year.

Field Crops Report

Corn planting jumped 20 points from last week to 79 percent, 10 days behind last year, but 5 days ahead of normal. The northwest was farthest along with 93 percent planted, followed by the west-central district at 89 percent, and the southwest at 86 percent. Corn emerged was at 50 percent, on track with the historic average, but 8 days behind last year. Replanting continued with reports that corn didn’t sprout. In many instances, however, previously saturated soils required replanting. Fervent hopes for soybean planting were upon the state with soybeans 21 percent planted, 6 days ahead of last year, and 2 days ahead of normal. The southeast district (Bootheel) hurried to take advantage of good topsoil moisture as floodwaters abated. Cotton planting jumped 37 points from last week to 39 percent. This was 22 days behind last year and 19 days behind normal. Rice planted was 29 percent, 30 days behind last year and 26 days behind normal. Rice emerged was 21 percent, 22 days behind last year, and 17 days behind normal. Rice condition was 42 percent poor, 43 percent fair, and 15 percent good. Sorghum planting was 10 percent, 10 points behind last year and 13 points behind normal. The winter wheat condition improved slightly to 6 percent very poor, 18 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 37 percent good, and 7 percent excellent. Wheat in the Bootheel continued to decline with 15 percent very poor, 35 percent poor, 38 percent fair, and 12 percent excellent. Winter wheat heading was 75 percent, 6 days ahead of 2010, and 3 days ahead of normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture conditions remained similar to last week with 3 percent poor, 36 percent fair, 51 percent good, and 10 percent excellent. Pasture growth remained slow due to overcast conditions, and drier conditions are needed to move cattle into developing pastures.

Weather Summary

Precipitation averaged 1.02 inches state-wide with the central district leading the state at 1.49 inches. Temperatures were 2 to 4 degrees above average around the state except in the Bootheel where temperatures were only 1 to 2 degrees above average.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of May 15, 2011
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 3.7 4.0 4.4 4.1 3.7 3.7 3.2 5.3 1.9 2.7
Last Year 1.0 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 1.0 1.4 1.6 4.2
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 2 7 1 1 0 0 2 0 4 0
Adequate 56 87 88 50 76 57 56 75 7 5
Surplus 42 4 11 49 24 43 42 25 89 95
Ground Worked Spring Tillage, Percent                    
This Year 73 88 83 78 82 76 50 86 61 46
Last Year 80 72 67 67 84 82 85 92 97 93
Normal 71                  
Corn Planted, Percent                    
This Year 79 93 84 79 89 82 52 86 25 58
Last Year 85 77 76 80 86 87 91 99 98 100
Normal 70                  
Corn Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 50 50 48 48 70 57 12 64 13 50
Last Year 61 42 55 56 61 66 58 91 74 94
Normal 51                  
Soybeans Planted, Percent                    
This Year 21 42 23 31 20 16 3 1 0 3
Last Year 17 17 9 10 8 10 18 10 9 40
Normal 17                  
Sorghum Planted, Percent                    
This Year 10 63 6 10 36 6 3 1 16 5
Last Year 20 12 5 14 27 6 8 4 14 63
Normal 23                  
Winter Wheat Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 75 60 26 29 77 26 56 94 74 98
Last Year 61 20 14 27 39 47 49 57 98 99
Normal 68                  
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 6 0 0 2 1 0 4 0 7 15
Poor 18 1 10 10 4 8 10 0 12 35
Fair 32 19 28 30 20 40 29 23 35 38
Good 37 67 52 48 55 38 50 73 8 12
Excellent 7 13 10 10 20 14 7 4 38 0
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 0 1 1 2 0 0 1 1 0 3
Poor 3 3 7 3 0 1 10 2 1 1
Fair 36 26 53 49 37 33 39 23 40 4
Good 51 64 32 38 48 52 44 60 51 79
Excellent 10 6 7 8 15 14 6 14 8 13
Average Precipitation 1.02 1.02 0.51 0.67 0.87 1.49 1.35 0.94 1.07 0.73