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Week Ending May 29, 2011

Agricultural Summary

Rainy weather continued throughout the state accompanied by hail and tornadoes.  Flooding concerns moved north to the Missouri River flowing through the northwestern and central parts of the state.  Farmers were limited to 1.7 days suitable for fieldwork, compared to 4.8 days in 2010.  Topsoil moisture supply measured 56 percent adequate and 44 percent surplus.  Ground worked for spring tillage was 84 percent, compared to 88 percent last year, and 86 percent for the 5-year historic average (normal). 

Field Crops Report

Corn planting progressed 6 points from last week to 94 percent, the same as last year, and 4 days ahead of normal.  Corn emergence was 86 percent, 5 days ahead of last year, and 6 days ahead of normal. Corn condition was 2 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 56 percent good, and 6 percent excellent.  Soybeans moved 3 points from last week to 36 percent planted, 3 days behind last year, and 6 days behind normal. At 25 percent, soybean emergence was 3 days ahead of last year, but 1 day behind normal.  Cotton planting proceeded to 94 percent planted, 8 days behind last year, and 2 days behind normal.  Cotton condition was 3 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 42 percent fair, and 46 percent good.  Rice planting jumped 35 points to 88 percent, 30 days behind 2010, and 10 days behind normal.  Rice emergence was 57 percent, compared to 100 percent last year and normal at 90 percent.  Rice condition was 3 percent very poor, 19 percent poor, 37 percent fair, and 41 percent good.  Widespread flooding in the bootheel earlier in the season postponed rice planting causing some farmers to plant soybeans in lieu of rice.  Sorghum was 26 percent planted, compared to 49 percent last year, and normal at 52 percent.  Winter wheat heading moved 5 points to 95 percent, 7 days ahead of 2010, and 2 days ahead of normal.  Winter wheat turning color was 48 percent, 4 days ahead of last year and normal.  Wheat condition continued to decline with 29 percent in the poor and very poor categories.  The rest of the wheat condition was 30 percent fair, and 34 percent good.  The first cutting for alfalfa hay was 16 percent complete, 6 days behind 2010, and 13 days behind normal.  Other hay also lagged at 5 percent harvested, 8 days behind 2010, and 14 days behind normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Similarly, pastures developed slowly.  Pasture condition was 1 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 56 percent good, and 12 percent excellent. 

Weather Summary

Precipitation averaged 2.34 inches statewide with the southwest district accumulating 3.72 inches.  Temperatures hovered around average with the southern districts 0 to 1 degree above average, and the northern districts ranging from 1 degree below average to 1 degree above average.  

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of May 29, 2011
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 1.7 1.2 0.8 0.8 1.5 1.8 1.7 1.4 3.5 3.0
Last Year 4.8 5.0 3.5 4.3 4.2 5.4 4.6 6.3 4.9 4.9
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Adequate 56 73 78 42 52 52 75 5 75 40
Surplus 44 25 22 58 48 48 25 95 25 60
Ground Worked Spring Tillage, Percent                    
This Year 84 99 89 88 88 84 73 86 74 75
Last Year 88 81 79 80 86 92 90 97 100 98
Normal 86                  
Corn Planted, Percent                    
This Year 94 100 91 90 99 92 77 99 59 100
Last Year 94 94 88 91 93 96 95 100 100 100
Normal 91                  
Corn Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 86 88 78 83 95 85 68 92 38 90
Last Year 80 76 73 76 67 88 81 99 98 100
Normal 76                  
Soybeans Planted, Percent                    
This Year 36 76 38 50 27 28 34 3 15 19
Last Year 44 50 26 36 14 40 45 40 37 71
Normal 49                  
Soybeans Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 25 48 27 39 21 19 17 1 9 11
Last Year 21 16 8 14 7 8 29 14 32 46
Normal 27                  
Sorghum Planted, Percent                    
This Year 26 99 41 38 40 15 55 6 16 11
Last Year 49 63 10 27 63 38 43 43 46 88
Normal 52                  
Winter Wheat Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 95 84 72 96 100 84 99 100 100 100
Last Year 90 88 63 71 94 83 88 93 100 100
Normal 93                  
Winter Wheat Turning Color, Percent                    
This Year 48 1 3 2 17 2 33 77 12 77
Last Year 30 30 0 21 1 24 9 7 51 58
Normal 37                  
Alfalfa Hay 1st Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 16 2 1 5 45 35 16 31 24 86
Last Year 41 27 20 19 27 72 47 72 69 98
Normal 50                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 5 0 3 2 5 6 6 13 3 11
Last Year 20 9 7 7 9 26 28 37 24 27
Normal 25                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 2 0 3 2 0 4 3 0 0 4
Poor 7 2 8 7 3 6 4 0 9 14
Fair 29 19 32 30 27 18 25 23 0 48
Good 56 77 48 54 60 67 51 77 49 32
Excellent 6 2 9 7 10 5 17 0 42 2
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 10 0 0 2 1 0 7 0 0 20
Poor 19 1 11 7 4 8 9 0 5 33
Fair 30 19 29 27 25 33 30 19 26 33
Good 34 78 51 53 46 41 42 81 37 14
Excellent 7 2 9 11 24 18 12 0 32 0
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 3
Poor 1 0 5 3 2 0 4 0 0 3
Fair 31 23 46 49 40 26 43 39 25 11
Good 56 72 41 38 45 61 43 46 61 44
Excellent 12 5 8 8 13 13 9 15 14 39
                     
Average Precipitation 2.34 2.42 1.99 2.86 1.79 2.01 2.34 3.72 2.32 1.77