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Week Ending June 5, 2011

Agricultural Summary

Warm, balmy weather descended upon the state spurring plant growth at dawn and dusk, but increasing evapotranspiration rates midday.  Little precipitation allowed 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork causing producers to make substantial soybean planting and hay cutting progress.  As soils began to dry from last week topsoil moisture supply was 10 percent short, 78 percent adequate, and 12 percent surplus.  After major flooding one month ago, and no precipitation last week, topsoil moisture supply in the southeast district (Bootheel) was 3 percent very short, 31 percent short, 55 percent adequate, and 11 percent surplus.  Much of the flooded area was dried out.  However flooding concerns in the east-central, central, and northwest districts along the Missouri River continued due to high water flowing from upriver.   Statewide subsoil moisture supply was 2 percent short, 90 percent adequate, and 8 percent surplus, a 20 point decrease in the surplus category from May 1.  Spring tillage was 92 percent complete, nearly the same as last year and the historic 5-year average (normal).

Field Crops Report

Corn planting neared completion with 98 percent planted, 4 days behind last year, but 11 days ahead of normal.  Corn emergence was 90 percent, the same as last year, but 4 days ahead of normal. Corn condition was 3 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 30 percent fair, 53 percent good, and 8 percent excellent.  Hurt by earlier poor growing conditions, corn in the southeast district was 28 percent in the poor and very poor categories.  Soybean planting continued, advancing 23 points from last week to 59 percent, 2 days behind last year and normal.  The central district moved the most from last week, 37 points, followed closely by the south-central district at 36 points.  Soybean emergence plodded along to 35 percent, 1 day behind 2010, and 4 days behind normal.  Cotton planting was 100 percent complete, one week behind last year, but 3 days ahead of normal.  Cotton hadn’t begun squaring although it was 5 percent squared last year, and normal was 3 percent.  Cotton condition was 27 percent in the poor and very poor categories, 32 percent fair, and 41 percent good.  Rice condition fared better in the Bootheel with only 16 percent in the poor and very poor categories, 24 percent fair, 53 percent good, and 7 percent excellent.  Rice planting was completed, 21 days behind last year, but 2 days ahead of normal. Rice emergence progressed 25 points to 82 percent, 22 days behind last year, and 12 days behind normal.  Sorghum was 41 percent planted, 27 points behind last year and 25 points behind normal.  Remaining ahead of last year, and normal, winter wheat was 98 percent headed, a 3 point increase from last week.  Wheat turning color was 70 percent, 3 days ahead of last year and normal. Wheat condition was 10 percent very poor, 19 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 34 percent good, and 5 percent excellent.  Weather conditions have not been kind to wheat in the Bootheel with 54 percent rated in the poor to very poor categories.  Wheat harvest has only just begun in the south-central and southeast districts.  The first cutting for alfalfa hay continued, jumping 37 points from last week to 53 percent, regaining some ground but remaining 3 days behind 2010 and 6 days behind normal.  Cutting for other hay was 27 percent, 4 days behind 2010 and 5 days behind normal. 

Pasture & Livestock

Hay and other roughage supplies boded well for producers with 93 percent in the adequate and surplus categories, and 7 percent in the short and very short categories.  Similarly, stock water supplies were rated 95 percent adequate and 5 percent surplus.  Pasture condition remained similar to last week to classifying at 2 percent poor, 34 percent fair, 53 percent good, and 11 percent excellent. 

Weather Summary

Precipitation averaged 0.32 of an inch statewide with 5 districts reporting less than 0.05 of an inch, and the northeast district leading the way with 1.49 inches.  Temperatures were 8 to 11 degrees above average with highs reaching the mid 90’s to low 100’s.  

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of June 5, 2011
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 5.4 4.6 3.2 3.1 5.6 6.1 6.4 7.0 6.2 7.0
Last Year 4.3 3.1 2.1 2.0 6.0 4.6 3.4 6.6 5.4 6.0
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3
Short 10 3 1 4 12 7 11 11 13 31
Adequate 78 92 72 66 83 88 75 87 76 55
Surplus 12 5 27 30 5 5 14 2 11 11
Subsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4
Short 2 1 1 2 2 0 0 0 2 9
Adequate 90 98 83 71 96 95 87 100 97 76
Surplus 8 1 16 27 2 5 13 0 1 11
Ground Worked Spring Tillage, Percent                    
This Year 92 99 89 94 96 90 83 94 93 88
Last Year 93 91 84 84 98 95 94 99 100 99
Normal 91                  
Corn Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 90 96 87 88 95 90 71 88 58 98
Last Year 90 89 80 92 86 93 85 100 100 100
Normal 87                  
Soybeans Planted, Percent                    
This Year 59 84 57 63 52 65 65 13 51 43
Last Year 63 68 44 49 54 58 56 58 63 86
Normal 63                  
Sorghum Planted, Percent                    
This Year 41 100 42 57 59 31 55 18 62 32
Last Year 68 94 20 56 90 59 58 74 79 96
Normal 66                  
Winter Wheat Turning Color, Percent                    
This Year 70 10 9 22 61 18 62 94 81 99
Last Year 62 37 22 41 63 50 20 40 89 95
Normal 63                  
Alfalfa Hay 1st Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 53 41 22 21 61 62 68 92 87 92
Last Year 59 38 38 26 76 83 55 82 92 100
Normal 64                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 27 15 5 5 21 24 35 44 44 57
Last Year 34 16 11 9 33 42 32 46 44 47
Normal 36                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 3 0 5 2 1 0 1 1 0 11
Poor 6 1 9 5 3 6 9 2 9 17
Fair 30 20 42 39 18 25 23 23 8 44
Good 53 69 33 49 61 66 60 74 30 24
Excellent 8 10 11 5 17 3 7 0 53 4
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 10 0 3 2 1 0 5 0 2 20
Poor 19 0 10 9 4 21 11 0 10 34
Fair 32 35 37 28 19 46 30 25 30 33
Good 34 59 44 51 52 31 45 72 31 13
Excellent 5 6 6 10 24 2 9 3 27 0
Supply of Hay and Other Roughages                    
Very Short 1 4 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 6 12 3 7 4 10 1 1 7 5
Adequate 88 83 87 83 87 88 96 88 92 95
Surplus 5 1 10 7 9 2 3 11 1 0
Stock Water Supplies                    
Very Short 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Adequate 95 100 88 93 87 97 98 100 97 100
Surplus 5 0 11 6 13 3 2 0 3 0
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 1
Poor 2 1 3 4 2 3 5 0 1 2
Fair 34 29 48 51 29 25 34 32 34 30
Good 53 62 41 37 46 61 53 52 58 36
Excellent 11 8 8 6 23 11 8 16 7 31
                     
Average Precipitation 0.32 0.58 0.92 1.49 0.12 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00