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Week Ending July 31, 2011

Agricultural Summary

Spotty precipitation provided little relief as high temperatures baked the state, drying crops and pastures.  There were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork statewide.  Although topsoil moisture improved 2 points from last week in the adequate category to 31 percent very short, 38 percent short, 29 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus, this was hardly enough to improve or halt declining conditions for corn, soybeans, sorghum, and pastures.  Topsoil moisture in 7 of the 9 crop districts was greater than 75 percent short and very short.  Subsoil moisture supply was 22 percent very short, 37 percent short, 39 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. 

Field Crops Report

Corn silked and beyond was 92 percent, 1 day ahead of last year, and 2 days head of normal (5-year historic average).  Corn in the dough stage and beyond was 47 percent, 2 days behind last year, but 1 day ahead of normal.  Corn dented was 12 percent, 2 days ahead of last year, and 1 day ahead of normal.  Corn condition was 13 percent very poor, 15 percent poor, 26 percent fair, 38 percent good, and 8 percent excellent.  The southwest district suffered from the continued heat reporting 84 percent very poor which is defined as extreme degree of loss to yield potential, complete or near crop failure.  Soybeans blooming and beyond were 66 percent, 1 day ahead of last year, and 3 days ahead of normal.  Soybeans setting pods and beyond were 26 percent, 1 day behind last year, but 1 day ahead of normal.  Soybean condition was 5 percent very poor, 14 percent poor, 34 percent fair, 40 percent good, and 7 percent excellent.  Soybean condition in the southwest district was 91 percent poor defined as heavy degree of loss of yield potential.  Cotton squaring and beyond was nearly complete, 8 days behind last year, but the same as normal.  Cotton setting bolls and beyond was 74 percent, 9 days behind last year, and 5 days behind normal.  Unaffected by dry weather due to irrigation, cotton condition improved 2 points from last week in the good category to 4 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 55 percent good, and 4 percent excellent.  Rice development continued behind historic averages due to the late planting with only 10 percent headed, 18 days behind last year, and 2 weeks behind normal.  Rice condition remained the same as last week at 3 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 20 percent fair, 49 percent good, and 22 percent excellent.  Sorghum headed and beyond was 29 percent, 11 days behind last year, and 10 days behind normal.  Sorghum turning color and beyond was 2 percent, 15 days behind last year, and 11 days behind normal.  Sorghum condition was 1 percent very poor, 10 percent poor, 49 percent fair, 38 percent good, and 2 percent excellent.  Alfalfa hay 2nd cutting was 96 percent complete, 13 days ahead of last year, and 10 days ahead of normal.  Alfalfa hay 3rd cutting was 35 percent done, 1 day behind last year, but 3 days ahead of normal.  Other hay cut moved 1 point from last week to 95 percent complete, 1 week ahead of last year, and 6 days ahead of normal.  

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition continued to decline with 12 percent very poor, 28 percent poor, 37 percent fair, 22 percent good, and 1 percent excellent.  Hay and other roughage supply was 5 percent very short, 23 percent short, 69 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus.  Some producers in the west-central, central, southwest, and south-central districts started to feed hay.  Stock water supplies were 2 percent very short, 19 percent short, 77 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. 

Weather Summary

Precipitation averaged 0.66 of an inch statewide although Andrew and Livingston Counties received more than 3 inches.  Temperatures were 3 to 4 degrees above average in the southeast district with the rest of the state 6 to 10 degrees above normal.    

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of July 31, 2011
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 6.3 5.5 5.2 6.4 6.8 6.6 6.4 7.0 6.6 7.0
Last Year 4.8 5.4 3.5 1.6 5.7 4.4 4.9 6.7 6.1 6.0
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 31 1 12 29 56 34 39 59 47 35
Short 38 33 30 47 30 43 46 27 38 46
Adequate 29 62 55 23 14 22 14 14 15 17
Surplus 2 4 3 1 0 1 1 0 0 2
Subsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 22 2 6 13 43 27 17 43 52 19
Short 37 32 37 40 41 40 46 40 30 31
Adequate 39 64 53 43 16 32 37 17 18 50
Surplus 2 2 4 4 0 1 0 0 0 0
Corn Dough Stage and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 47 43 40 38 40 56 30 48 43 68
Last Year 51 44 27 38 38 61 70 88 76 80
Normal 46                  
Soybeans Blooming and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 66 85 77 75 55 71 36 59 50 44
Last Year 64 62 56 63 63 67 69 71 61 70
Normal 60                  
Sorghum Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 29 75 32 27 54 39 18 21 65 25
Last Year 52 22 19 47 73 51 44 79 73 66
Normal 52                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 13 9 7 12 29 11 4 84 1 6
Poor 15 7 15 17 19 21 9 5 14 19
Fair 26 13 25 33 27 28 36 6 24 31
Good 38 47 45 33 24 39 49 5 26 37
Excellent 8 24 8 5 1 1 2 0 35 7
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 5 6 3 7 7 4 2 0 7 5
Poor 14 9 10 15 23 20 4 91 15 11
Fair 34 13 34 43 43 33 39 5 17 39
Good 40 56 41 32 22 42 52 3 20 41
Excellent 7 16 12 3 5 1 3 0 41 4
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 1 0 0 0 3 0 1 6 0 1
Poor 10 0 8 17 49 9 2 10 0 3
Fair 49 20 49 35 42 39 52 72 10 56
Good 38 80 40 45 6 52 44 12 40 39
Excellent 2 0 3 3 0 0 1 0 50 1
Supply of Hay and Other Roughages                    
Very Short 5 0 3 2 10 7 0 6 0 28
Short 23 19 4 12 49 21 21 39 24 30
Adequate 69 78 88 75 39 70 79 52 76 37
Surplus 3 3 5 11 2 2 0 3 0 5
Stock Water Supplies                    
Very Short 2 0 1 0 6 3 0 5 1 5
Short 19 5 3 9 36 20 23 35 26 17
Adequate 77 93 95 85 58 77 77 54 73 78
Surplus 2 2 1 6 0 0 0 6 0 0
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 12 3 2 3 45 17 1 14 7 4
Poor 28 10 20 20 30 23 19 50 53 28
Fair 37 25 50 54 24 40 50 18 31 38
Good 22 62 26 21 1 20 30 18 9 29
Excellent 1 0 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 1
Average Precipitation 0.66 1.42 1.27 0.57 0.46 0.48 0.68 0.22 0.40 0.22