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Week Ending September 11, 2011

Agricultural Summary

Cool dry weather allowed 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork statewide.  Topsoil moisture declined to 38 percent very short, 38 percent short, 23 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus.  The northwest reported topsoil moisture at 17 percent short with no very short as opposed to all other districts that were over 60 percent short and very short.  The northeast experienced the worst of the drought with topsoil moisture at 85 percent very short and 15 percent short.  On-farm storage availability was 9 percent short, 76 percent adequate, and 15 percent surplus.  Off-farm storage availability was 6 percent short, 82 percent adequate, and 12 percent surplus.  Some bins were rendered inaccessible due to road closures in the northwest district due to widespread flooding of the Missouri River, and other bins were flooded out. 

Field Crops Report

Corn dented was 97 percent, 1 week ahead of last year, and nearly 2 weeks ahead of normal (5-year historic average).  Corn mature was 71 percent, 4 days ahead of last year, and 9 days ahead of normal.  Corn harvested was 21 percent, 1 day behind last year, but 1 day ahead of normal.  Corn condition was 20 percent very poor, 22 percent poor, 26 percent fair, 26 percent good, and 6 percent excellent, very similar to last week.  Corn moisture at harvest averaged 18.7 percent with the southwest averaging 11.7 percent, and the northwest 21.5 percent.  Soybeans setting pods and beyond were 95 percent, 3 days behind 2010, but the same as normal.  Soybeans turning color and beyond were 33 percent, 2 days ahead of 2010, and 1 day ahead of normal.  Soybeans dropping leaves and beyond were 10 percent, 1 day behind last year, but very similar to historic norms.  The north-central, northeast, and southeast districts reported mature soybeans.  Soybean condition declined slightly from last week to 14 percent very poor, 20 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 28 percent good, and 9 percent excellent.  Cotton opening bolls was 51 percent, 10 days behind last year, and 3 days behind normal.  Cotton condition was 4 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 30 percent fair, 54 percent good, and 3 percent excellent.  Rice headed was 95 percent, 3 weeks behind last year, and 8 days behind normal.  Rice harvested was 10 percent, 2 weeks behind last year, and 5 days behind normal.  Despite the late planting rice condition remained solid with 2 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 22 percent fair, 47 percent good, and 24 percent excellent.  Sorghum turning color and beyond was 70 percent, 11 days behind 2010, and 3 days behind normal.  Sorghum mature was 25 percent, 10 days behind last year, and 5 days behind normal.  Sorghum harvest was just beginning with 3 percent reported, 12 days behind last year, and 8 days behind normal.  Sorghum condition was 6 percent very poor, 25 percent poor, 35 percent fair, 33 percent good, and 1 percent excellent.  The northeast, west-central, central, and east-central districts began planting winter wheat.  Alfalfa hay 3rd cutting was 95 percent, 3 days ahead of last year, and 9 days ahead of normal.

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition notably declined with 24 percent very poor, 28 percent poor, 34 percent fair, 13 percent good, and 1 percent excellent.  Cool temperatures slowed pasture growth, and moisture is needed to improve conditions.  Some producers continued to feed hay.

Weather Summary

Although Pike and Iron counties received over 1 inch of precipitation, the state averaged 0.16 of an inch.  The east-central averaged 0.42 of an inch, and the southwest 0.03 of an inch.  The southwest and southeast districts averaged under 1 inch over the last 4 weeks.  Temperatures were 4 to 8 degrees below normal in the northwest, and the rest of the state averaged 7 to 10 degrees below normal.   

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of September 11, 2011
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 6.6 6.7 6.5 7.0 7.0 6.1 5.7 7.0 6.6 6.9
Last Year 4.4 5.3 4.1 5.1 3.0 4.2 4.2 3.9 4.5 4.7
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 38 0 24 85 57 21 46 70 31 33
Short 38 17 47 15 32 42 45 30 57 55
Adequate 23 78 27 0 11 35 9 0 12 12
Surplus 1 5 2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0
Corn Mature, Percent                    
This Year 71 53 61 70 85 82 67 98 50 78
Last Year 63 41 51 46 79 63 65 99 88 100
Normal 56                  
Corn Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 21 5 6 17 45 23 22 69 19 28
Last Year 22 5 4 7 22 19 22 60 46 72
Normal 19                  
Soybeans Turning Color and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 33 42 28 45 37 25 40 13 35 22
Last Year 30 35 20 29 25 22 41 33 59 34
Normal 31                  
Soybeans Dropping Leaves and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 10 11 8 20 7 5 12 2 10 7
Last Year 11 12 7 8 6 5 15 5 14 21
Normal 11                  
Sorghum Turning Color and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 70 95 80 75 100 67 32 62 58 79
Last Year 85 96 34 83 100 80 90 99 95 98
Normal 73                  
Sorghum Mature, Percent                    
This Year 25 95 22 33 46 13 1 4 20 36
Last Year 48 13 10 30 81 23 25 86 72 73
Normal 33                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 20 10 15 22 45 18 11 77 3 7
Poor 22 12 17 32 22 38 28 18 8 14
Fair 26 22 27 32 15 31 31 4 13 30
Good 26 37 37 13 18 13 29 1 41 44
Excellent 6 19 4 1 0 0 1 0 35 5
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 14 8 11 13 20 17 20 69 7 6
Poor 20 12 11 37 32 20 25 20 8 15
Fair 29 15 29 41 24 40 33 11 21 30
Good 28 41 41 8 19 21 20 0 31 39
Excellent 9 24 8 1 5 2 2 0 33 10
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 6 0 0 0 5 4 4 32 0 1
Poor 25 0 6 19 59 13 52 62 0 2
Fair 35 5 44 42 36 51 33 6 43 38
Good 33 95 45 37 0 32 11 0 37 58
Excellent 1 0 5 2 0 0 0 0 20 1
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 24 1 15 26 42 18 19 53 17 17
Poor 28 6 30 47 32 26 37 21 31 47
Fair 34 31 38 20 18 47 31 26 49 28
Good 13 59 17 6 6 9 13 0 3 8
Excellent 1 3 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0
OFF-Farm Storage Availability                    
Short 6 17 5 5 0 0 9 0 0 3
Adequate 82 82 78 87 85 59 79 100 100 94
Surplus 12 1 17 8 15 41 12 0 0 3
ON-Farm Storage Availability                    
Short 9 12 7 19 12 1 0 0 0 10
Adequate 76 86 76 76 78 60 68 49 100 87
Surplus 15 2 17 5 10 39 32 51 0 3
Corn Moisture at Harvest, Percent                    
This Year 18.7 21.5 20.4 17.8 16.1 17.8 17.5 11.7 17.4 18.9
Average Precipitation 0.16 0.14 .0.04 0.18 0.10 0.19 0.42 0.03 0.16 0.09