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Week Ending September 18, 2011

Agricultural Summary

Although the north-central and northeast districts remained dry, cool temperatures and much needed precipitation improved pasture conditions and topsoil moisture supply across the rest of state.  With the great harvest race well underway, rainy weather limited producers to 4.9 days suitable for fieldwork.  Topsoil moisture improved to 20 percent very short, 27 percent short, 51 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus.  The northeast district was 66 percent very short followed by the north-central at 32 percent very short.  Off-farm storage availability was 6 percent short, 83 percent adequate, and 11 percent surplus.  The northwest was 22 percent very short due to the Missouri River flooding earlier in the season.  On-farm storage availability was 8 percent short, 78 percent adequate, and 14 percent surplus.  The northeast was 21 percent very short.

Field Crops Report

Corn mature was 86 percent, 5 days ahead of last year, and nearly two weeks ahead of normal (5-year historic average).  Corn harvested was 34 percent, 1 day ahead of last year, and 4 days ahead of normal.  Corn moisture at harvest was 18.3 percent statewide, ranging from 20.8 percent in the northwest to 12.4 percent in the southwest.  Corn condition was 20 percent very poor, 22 percent poor, 27 percent fair, 27 percent good, and 4 percent excellent.  The northwest, north-central, east-central, south-central, and southeast districts were above 40 percent good and excellent.  Soybeans turning color and beyond were 54 percent, nearly 1 day ahead of last year and normal.  The northeast was 72 percent turning color followed by the northwest at 71 percent.  Soybeans dropping leaves and beyond were 22 percent, 2 days behind last year and normal.  The northeast was 37 percent dropped.  Soybeans mature were 4 percent, 4 days behind 2010, and 2 days behind normal.  Comparable to last year, the north-central district was 13 percent mature.  Soybean harvest began in the north-central and northeast districts.  Soybean condition was 13 percent very poor, 20 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 31 percent good, and 7 percent excellent.  The northwest, south-central and southeast districts rated over 50 percent good to excellent.  Cotton opening bolls was 62 percent, 15 days behind 2010, and 4 days behind normal.  Cotton harvested was 1 percent, 10 days behind last year, and 12 days behind normal.  Cotton condition remained the same as last week with 4 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 30 percent fair, 54 percent good, and 3 percent excellent.  Rice harvested was 18 percent, 16 days behind last year, and 8 days behind normal.  Rice condition was 2 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 22 percent fair, 52 percent good, and 19 percent excellent.  Sorghum turning color and beyond was 86 percent, 6 days behind last year, but 4 days ahead of normal.  Sorghum mature was 36 percent, 13 days behind last year, and 6 days behind normal.  Sorghum harvested was 6 percent, 13 days behind last year, and 9 days behind normal.  Sorghum condition was 6 percent very poor, 21 percent poor, 36 percent fair, 35 percent good, and 2 percent excellent.  Condition was 89 percent good in the northwest district.  Winter wheat planted was 2 percent, the same as last year and normal.   

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition improved to 23 percent very poor, 24 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 21 percent good, and 3 percent excellent.  Some producers continued to feed hay.

Weather Summary

Precipitation averaged 1.30 inches with all central and southern districts averaging over an inch.  Temperatures were 4 to 6 degrees below normal in the southeast district with the rest of the state 6 to 8 degrees below normal.  Parts of the northern third of the state dipped into the upper 30’s.

 

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of September 18, 2011
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 4.9 4.9 5.1 5.9 5.3 3.8 4.8 5.0 5.8 4.3
Last Year 4.5 4.7 3.8 4.7 2.4 3.9 4.6 4.2 4.8 6.4
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 20 0 32 66 26 9 8 8 14 11
Short 27 14 28 29 36 23 51 23 28 27
Adequate 51 79 38 5 38 66 41 69 58 62
Surplus 2 7 2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0
Corn Mature, Percent                    
This Year 86 73 78 88 95 90 84 99 76 93
Last Year 78 65 66 64 90 82 87 100 98 100
Normal 68                  
Corn Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 34 11 15 27 66 34 35 79 35 50
Last Year 32 14 14 17 33 25 41 71 57 85
Normal 29                  
Soybeans Turning Color and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 54 71 48 72 47 44 57 20 64 44
Last Year 53 68 43 55 55 37 72 51 89 47
Normal 52                  
Soybeans Dropping Leaves and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 22 29 26 37 23 11 13 6 25 14
Last Year 25 29 23 21 26 14 31 9 31 30
Normal 25                  
Sorghum Turning Color and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 86 97 96 93 100 70 49 74 100 100
Last Year 90 99 50 89 100 89 98 100 98 100
Normal 82                  
Sorghum Mature, Percent                    
This Year 36 96 29 52 47 19 6 12 52 47
Last Year 61 52 16 47 96 34 37 93 85 87
Normal 45                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 20 12 14 17 43 19 8 80 0 8
Poor 22 15 16 30 22 36 21 17 1 16
Fair 27 27 25 37 15 30 30 3 7 29
Good 27 35 39 15 18 14 39 0 51 43
Excellent 4 11 6 1 2 1 2 0 41 4
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 13 10 11 15 19 17 2 55 0 6
Poor 20 13 11 37 28 16 19 33 0 14
Fair 29 16 30 38 27 38 41 12 13 28
Good 31 44 43 8 21 26 34 0 42 41
Excellent 7 17 5 2 5 3 4 0 45 11
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 6 0 0 1 5 3 2 33 0 1
Poor 21 1 6 21 59 8 25 57 0 1
Fair 36 8 44 40 36 54 50 10 41 36
Good 35 89 45 36 0 35 23 0 39 61
Excellent 2 2 5 2 0 0 0 0 20 1
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 23 2 19 31 40 15 13 66 5 52
Poor 24 3 33 44 30 22 30 26 12 23
Fair 29 22 36 18 18 48 36 8 30 20
Good 21 55 11 6 10 15 21 0 53 5
Excellent 3 18 1 1 2 0 0 0 0 0
OFF-Farm Storage Availability                    
Short 6 22 0 6 0 0 0 0 0 0
Adequate 83 78 91 84 85 60 96 100 100 98
Surplus 11 0 9 10 15 40 4 0 0 2
ON-Farm Storage Availability                    
Short 8 12 2 21 11 1 0 0 0 1
Adequate 78 86 80 72 77 56 96 49 100 97
Surplus 14 2 18 7 12 43 4 51 0 2
Corn Moisture at Harvest, Percent                    
This Year 18.3 20.8 19.4 17.7 15.2 18.3 19.8 12.4 16.9 17.7
Average Precipitation 1.30 0.58 0.36 0.41 1.07 1.45 1.77 2.82 1.85 1.27