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Week Ending October 16, 2011

Agricultural Summary

Harvest proceeded at a steady clip aided by 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork statewide, and topsoil moisture reached the lowest point of the entire crop year with 39 percent very short, 43 percent short, 17 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus.  Ground worked for fall tillage was 33 percent, 4 days behind last year, but 10 days ahead of normal (5-year historic average).  Off-farm storage availability was 9 percent short, 87 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus.  On-farm storage availability was 14 percent short, 80 percent adequate, and 6 percent surplus. 

Field Crops Report

Corn harvested was 86 percent, 3 days ahead of last year, and 25 days ahead of normal.  Harvest in the southwest and west-central districts was nearly complete.  Corn moisture at harvest continued dropping ending at 14.9 percent by week’s end, ranging from 12.0 percent in the southwest to 16.5 percent in the southeast district.  Soybeans dropping leaves and beyond were 92 percent, 1 day behind last year, but 4 days ahead of normal.  Soybeans mature were 78 percent, 2 days behind 2010, but 3 days ahead of normal.  The northern districts matured faster than last year while the southern districts developed slower than last year.  Soybeans harvested were 54 percent, nearly the same as last year, but 8 days ahead of normal.  Soybean condition improved from last week to 12 percent very poor, 21 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 31 percent good, and 7 percent excellent.  Cotton harvested was 58 percent, 11 days behind last year, but 5 days ahead of normal.  Cotton condition was 2 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 30 percent fair, 54 percent good, and 3 percent excellent.  Rice was 83 percent harvested, 20 days behind last year, and only 3 days behind normal.  Sorghum mature was 94 percent, 1 day behind last year, but 11 days ahead of normal.  Sorghum harvested was 62 percent, 4 days behind last year, but 8 days ahead of normal.  Sorghum condition was 4 percent very poor, 24 percent poor, 37 percent fair, 32 percent good, and 3 percent excellent.  The southwest district was 17 percent very poor and 74 percent poor.  Winter wheat planted was 37 percent, 4 days behind last year, but the same as normal.  Winter wheat emerged was 12 percent, nearly 3 days behind last year, and 2 days behind normal.  The northwest was only 23 percent emerged compared to 38 percent last year.  

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture conditions improved from last week to 28 percent very poor, 30 percent poor, 29 percent fair, and 13 percent good, but the past two weeks have seen the lowest conditions of the entire crop year.  Stock water supplies were 9 percent very short, 33 percent short, 57 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus.  Some producers resorted to moving cattle to water due to further deteriorating pasture conditions.  Precipitation is needed to restore water supplies and pasture conditions. 

Weather Summary

Temperatures were 3 to 6 degrees above normal with some nightly lows slightly above freezing.  Precipitation averaged 0.44 of an inch at the state level.  The southwest, south-central, and northeast districts averaged more than half an inch. 

 

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of October 16, 2011
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 6.5 6.6 6.9 6.2 6.8 6.3 5.8 6.8 6.6 6.3
Last Year 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.8 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.7 7.0 6.8
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 39 41 63 64 68 22 16 71 14 15
Short 43 41 34 31 24 55 65 29 46 50
Adequate 17 14 3 5 8 23 19 0 40 34
Surplus 1 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Ground Worked Fall Tillage, Percent                    
This Year 33 18 29 35 32 35 46 73 46 37
Last Year 39 23 30 28 32 35 52 70 76 62
Normal 21                  
Corn Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 86 71 81 90 97 93 87 98 90 94
Last Year 83 65 76 77 95 87 95 100 99 100
Normal 68                  
Soybeans Dropping Leaves and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 92 99 97 99 89 95 90 54 94 83
Last Year 93 99 91 95 98 92 91 88 98 89
Normal 88                  
Soybeans Mature, Percent                    
This Year 78 96 93 94 68 89 70 12 65 53
Last Year 82 89 83 85 87 83 78 71 82 74
Normal 73                  
Soybeans Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 54 57 71 80 41 68 40 3 37 32
Last Year 55 55 52 62 53 55 61 35 57 54
Normal 41                  
Sorghum Mature, Percent                    
This Year 94 100 98 99 99 97 72 99 100 93
Last Year 95 98 87 98 100 95 85 100 93 98
Normal 86                  
Sorghum Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 62 98 50 75 68 57 23 57 78 71
Last Year 72 38 52 53 98 48 50 94 98 98
Normal 53                  
Winter Wheat Planted, Percent                    
This Year 37 63 29 53 38 39 35 42 56 36
Last Year 50 66 36 52 41 29 62 42 56 61
Normal 37                  
Winter Wheat Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 12 23 2 13 9 7 16 5 32 15
Last Year 16 38 9 19 13 13 18 17 33 16
Normal 15                  
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 12 11 8 14 20 16 7 33 5 7
Poor 21 11 19 37 31 15 20 56 10 15
Fair 29 16 29 42 29 35 33 11 37 30
Good 31 44 37 6 20 32 37 0 28 39
Excellent 7 18 7 1 0 2 3 0 20 9
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 4 0 0 1 6 2 6 17 0 1
Poor 24 0 7 21 58 11 37 74 0 3
Fair 37 6 43 40 36 53 43 9 41 39
Good 32 94 44 36 0 34 14 0 36 56
Excellent 3 0 6 2 0 0 0 0 23 1
Stock Water Supplies                    
Very Short 9 0 12 19 17 5 2 23 7 1
Short 33 20 40 45 53 34 23 44 14 56
Adequate 57 78 43 28 30 61 75 33 79 43
Surplus 1 2 5 8 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 28 16 49 58 58 11 15 70 9 6
Poor 30 21 30 21 31 37 31 26 30 36
Fair 29 47 18 16 9 36 32 4 37 54
Good 13 15 3 4 2 16 22 0 24 4
Excellent 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
OFF-Farm Storage Availability                    
Short 9 19 6 4 0 11 12 0 0 4
Adequate 87 78 90 89 84 89 88 100 100 92
Surplus 4 3 4 7 16 0 0 0 0 4
ON-Farm Storage Availability                    
Short 14 20 5 21 11 20 0 0 0 10
Adequate 80 78 85 75 78 77 100 44 100 88
Surplus 6 2 10 4 11 3 0 56 0  
Corn Moisture at Harvest, Percent                    
This Year 14.9 14.9 12.8 14.6 13.6 16.2 16.3 12.0 14.5 16.5
Average Precipitation 0.44 0.16 0.30 0.95 0.14 0.44 0.23 0.79 0.62 0.35