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Week Ending April 15, 2012

Agricultural Summary

The southeast district remained dry, and high winds damaged some crops.  The rest of the state was blanketed with spring showers and scattered frost, resulting in 4.3 days suitable for fieldwork statewide.  Topsoil moisture supply was 1 percent very short, 8 percent short, 71 percent adequate, and 20 percent surplus.  The central district was 42 percent surplus compared to 5 percent last week.  Ground worked spring tillage was 70 percent, 28 days ahead of last year, and 33 days ahead of normal. 

Field Crops Report

Due to the mild winter, corn was 39 percent planted, 18 days ahead of last year, and 16 days ahead of normal.  All districts were ahead of last year except the northwest district.   As a result, corn emergence was 11 percent, 13 days ahead of last year and normal.   Soybean planting began with planting reported in all districts except the central and east-central.  Cotton planted was 4 percent, 24 days ahead of last year, and only 8 days ahead of normal.  Rice planting was 71 percent, 41 days ahead of last year, and 31 days ahead of normal.  Likewise, at 28 percent rice emergence was 35 days ahead of last year, and 21 days ahead of normal. Sorghum planting was similar to last year and normal with planting reported in 5 districts.  Also spurred on by the mild winter wheat headed and beyond was 52 percent, 22 days ahead of last year, and 27 days ahead of normal.  Winter wheat condition was 4 percent poor, 25 percent fair, 53 percent good, and 18 percent excellent. 

Pasture & Livestock

Similar to last week, pasture condition was 3 percent poor, 25 percent fair, 60 percent good, and 12 percent excellent.  Producers prepared to cut grass hay. 

Weather Summary

Temperatures remained above average at normal to 4 degrees above normal, but were significantly lower than the unusually warm weather experienced previously.  Precipitation averaged 1.46 inches across the state with southeast district receiving no rainfall and the central district receiving 2.69 inches.  Rain was needed in the southeast to aid plant emergence.  Barton, Gasconade, and Osage counties received more than 4.00 inches of rainfall.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/


District Summaries As Of April 15, 2012
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 4.3 3.1 3.3 3.9 4.3 3.7 4.9 3.1 6.1 6.8
Last Year 3.4 4.0 3.8 4.1 4.4 3.9 2.1 4.1 3.6 1.4
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 1 0 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 9
Short 8 1 7 5 5 2 5 0 28 28
Adequate 71 92 70 62 82 56 71 71 71 63
Surplus 20 7 23 32 13 42 22 29 1 0
Ground Worked Spring Tillage, Percent                    
This Year 70 57 61 55 70 76 78 80 73 88
Last Year 43 56 52 32 49 37 25 39 47 40
Normal 36                  
Corn Planted, Percent                    
This Year 39 12 20 32 63 40 52 72 39 87
Last Year 21 19 28 14 35 14 7 11 15 39
Normal 15                  
Sorghum Planted, Percent                    
This Year 1 5 0 4 2 0 0 0 10 3
Last Year 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 4 1
Normal 1                  
Winter Wheat Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 52 0 5 3 23 18 31 72 68 87
Last Year 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Normal 1                  
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Poor 4 4 2 3 3 5 0 0 0 6
Fair 25 25 52 25 17 24 9 17 52 29
Good 53 48 38 56 58 70 75 43 47 49
Excellent 18 23 8 15 22 1 16 40 1 16
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Poor 3 2 5 5 2 0 2 10 6 3
Fair 25 35 27 42 28 17 22 11 24 48
Good 60 39 57 41 52 72 63 68 66 47
Excellent 12 24 9 11 18 11 13 11 4 2
                     
Average Precipitation 1.46 1.08 1.24 1.21 1.77 2.69 1.75 2.27 0.50 0.00