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Week Ending April 29, 2012

Agricultural Summary

Warm, dry weather early in the week allowed 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork.  Although spring rains swept across the central districts, statewide topsoil moisture dropped from last week to 2 percent very short, 15 percent short, 64 percent adequate, and 19 percent surplus.  The southeast district (Bootheel) was 15 percent very short, and 49 percent short while the south-central district was 6 percent very short, and 62 percent short.  Subsoil moisture was 1 percent very short, 15 percent short, 79 percent adequate, and 5 percent surplus, with the southeast and south central districts decreasing the state average.  Ground worked spring tillage was 85 percent, one month ahead of last year and normal (5-year average).

Field Crops Report

Corn planted moved 25 points from last week to 75 percent, 15 days ahead of last year, and 21 days ahead of normal.  Much progress was made in the northwest district, moving 43 points from last week, and the Bootheel was nearing completion.  Corn emergence was 37 percent, 12 days ahead of last year, and 13 days ahead of normal.  Soybean planting, now present in all districts, was 8 percent complete, 10 days ahead of last year and normal.  Soybeans began to emerge.  Cotton planting increased 27 points from last week to 33 percent, 15 days ahead of last year, and 9 days ahead of normal.  Rice planting was 92 percent, remaining well ahead of last year and normal at 33 and 28 days.  Emergence was 57 percent, 30 days ahead of last year, and 18 days ahead of normal.  Rice condition was 6 percent poor, 38 percent fair, and 56 percent good, with some irrigation needed for germination.  Sorghum planting was 16 percent, 22 days ahead of last year, and 17 days ahead of normal. Winter wheat headed and beyond was 84 percent, 20 days ahead of last year, and 24 days ahead of normal.  Wheat turning color was 3 percent, present in 5 districts.  Wheat condition was 1 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 25 percent fair, 51 percent good, and 17 percent excellent.  Alfalfa hay first cutting was 20 percent, one month ahead of last year, and 24 days ahead of normal.  Other hay cut was 8 percent, also one month ahead of last year, and 22 days ahead of normal.   

Pasture & Livestock

Supply of hay and other roughages was 1 percent very short, 9 percent short, 85 percent adequate, and 5 percent surplus.  Stock water supply was 6 percent short, 85 percent adequate, and 9 percent surplus.  Pasture condition remained similar to last week at 1 percent very poor, 4 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 54 percent good, and 13 percent excellent.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were 1 to 6 degrees above average.  Precipitation averaged 0.43 of an inch across the state.  Vernon, Callaway, and Montgomery counties received over 2 inches.  Rain was needed in the Bootheel to resume planting. 

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/


District Summaries As Of April 29, 2012
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 5.4 5.6 5.5 4.7 5.2 4.4 4.6 5.5 6.3 6.9
Last Year 1.2 2.3 1.7 0.6 1.5 1.2 0.6 1.2 0.3 0.0
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 6 15
Short 15 4 6 0 4 1 7 0 62 49
Adequate 64 92 74 41 68 68 64 95 31 36
Surplus 19 4 20 59 28 31 28 5 1 0
Subsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 4 3
Short 15 13 15 11 8 3 5 9 55 21
Adequate 79 85 73 82 90 88 81 88 41 76
Surplus 5 2 11 6 2 8 13 3 0 0
Ground Worked Spring Tillage, Percent                    
This Year 85 74 84 69 91 89 82 90 84 98
Last Year 49 63 62 40 59 48 34 57 59 43
Normal 52                  
Corn Planted, Percent                    
This Year 75 66 58 67 93 76 68 89 86 99
Last Year 31 29 42 19 50 23 10 28 23 43
Normal 38                  
Corn Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 37 21 15 22 49 34 41 50 54 86
Last Year 12 5 16 8 24 8 4 16 4 26
Normal 13                  
Soybeans Planted, Percent                    
This Year 8 6 6 7 6 3 1 5 30 18
Last Year 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Normal 2                  
Sorghum Planted, Percent                    
This Year 16 13 1 5 3 3 0 2 86 51
Last Year 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 11 2
Normal 4                  
Winter Wheat Headed and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 84 38 41 64 91 56 90 100 97 98
Last Year 22 0 0 1 7 1 9 21 0 45
Normal 13                  
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2 3
Poor 6 3 2 2 2 5 1 1 8 11
Fair 25 18 41 23 19 28 10 18 41 30
Good 51 54 44 55 56 66 73 47 48 43
Excellent 17 25 13 19 23 1 16 34 1 13
Supply of Hay and Other Roughages                    
Very Short 1 0 0 2 1 1 0 0 2 0
Short 9 2 10 30 5 6 0 18 13 1
Adequate 85 93 83 54 92 88 98 76 83 99
Surplus 5 5 7 14 2 5 2 6 2 0
Stock Water Supplies                    
Very Short 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Short 6 5 4 1 0 0 1 19 13 53
Adequate 85 94 85 73 87 81 95 79 87 47
Surplus 9 1 10 25 13 19 4 2 0 0
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 1 0 2 2 0 0 0 1 1 2
Poor 4 2 7 4 1 0 2 15 7 5
Fair 28 20 34 45 26 16 22 19 43 75
Good 54 46 47 38 58 73 63 51 46 17
Excellent 13 32 10 11 15 11 13 14 3 1
Average Precipitation 0.43 0.34 0.50 0.35 0.76 0.64 0.76 0.26 0.11 0.06