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Week Ending May 27, 2012

Agricultural Summary

Unlike last year, dry weather lingered across the state with 6.5 days suitable for fieldworkTopsoil moisture supply continued a steep decline to 32 percent very short, 45 percent short, and 23 percent adequate.  The south-central district was only 1 percent adequate, followed by the southeast district with only 10 percent adequate.  All districts had crops experiencing some drought induced stress.  Rain is needed in the near future to prevent crop losses.

Field Crops Report

Corn emerged was 98 percent, 19 days ahead of last year, and one month ahead of normal (5-year average).  The northeast reported corn replanting.  Corn condition was 2 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 51 percent good, and 8 percent excellent.  Soybeans planted 81 percent, 19 days ahead of 2011, and 26 days ahead of normal.  Emergence was 53 percent, 15 days ahead of last year, and 16 days ahead of normal.  Northern districts struggled to emerge due to the drought.  Southern districts stopped planting soybeans due to lack of moisture.  Cotton planted was 97 percent, 6 days ahead of last year, and 3 days ahead of normal.  Cotton condition was 5 percent very poor, 20 percent poor, 45 percent fair, 29 percent good, and 1 percent excellent.  Rice condition was 5 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 59 percent good, and 5 percent excellent.  Sorghum planting was 79 percent, 21 days ahead of last year, and 24 days ahead of normal.  Condition was 1 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 48 percent fair, 37 percent good, and 3 percent excellent.  Winter wheat turning color was 94 percent, 17 days ahead of last year, and 23 days ahead of normal.  Wheat harvested was 14 percent, 18 days ahead of last year, and 20 days ahead of normal.  One third of wheat in the south-central and southeast districts was harvested.  Winter wheat condition was 2 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 24 percent fair, and 51 percent good, and 14 percent excellent.  Alfalfa hay 1st cutting was 87 percent, 25 days ahead of last year, and 30 days ahead of normal.  Alfalfa hay 2nd cutting was 7 percent, 18 days ahead of last year, and 22 days ahead of normal.  Other hay cut was 58 percent, 25 days ahead of last year, and 27 days ahead of normal.  Hay re-growth has been slow, or delayed, from lack of moisture.   

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition continued to decline to 11 percent very poor, 17 percent poor, 39 percent fair, 28 percent good, and 5 percent excellent.  Some south-central producers began to reduce herds and sell calves early due to the water shortage and pasture conditions.

Weather Summary

Temperatures averaged 6 to 12 degrees above normal, while precipitation averaged only 0.18 of an inch statewide.  

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary is available at:on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/


District Summaries As Of May 27, 2012
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 6.5 5.9 6.4 6.6 6.0 6.8 6.6 7.0 7.0 6.8
Last Year 1.7 1.2 0.8 0.8 1.5 1.8 1.7 1.4 3.5 3.0
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 32 30 12 9 27 28 40 18 76 46
Short 45 44 39 66 39 57 48 48 23 44
Adequate 23 26 46 24 34 15 12 34 1 10
Surplus 0 0 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Corn Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 98 98 94 99 97 98 95 99 98 100
Last Year 81 86 73 79 88 82 58 85 35 83
Normal 69                  
Soybeans Planted, Percent                    
This Year 81 94 82 85 70 89 83 65 75 73
Last Year 35 72 38 49 27 26 26 3 12 16
Normal 38                  
Soybeans Emerged, Percent                    
This Year 53 60 50 60 44 64 56 30 65 47
Last Year 22 41 24 34 17 17 12 1 7 9
Normal 19                  
Sorghum Planted, Percent                    
This Year 79 78 83 75 47 79 45 96 100 96
Last Year 23 99 32 37 39 14 44 5 16 9
Normal 36                  
Winter Wheat Turning Color, Percent                    
This Year 94 74 71 96 95 83 96 98 97 100
Last Year 42 1 2 1 12 1 24 55 9 55
Normal 27                  
Winter Wheat Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 14 0 0 1 3 2 2 2 34 33
Last Year 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Normal 0                  
Alfalfa Hay 1st Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 87 86 64 70 100 93 90 100 100 100
Last Year 11 2 1 4 39 30 14 27 21 74
Normal 33                  
Other Hay Cut, Percent                    
This Year 58 50 36 33 51 62 70 80 60 91
Last Year 4 0 3 2 4 5 5 11 3 9
Normal 16                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 2 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 10 7
Poor 8 5 10 9 1 10 12 1 12 23
Fair 31 37 33 23 26 27 31 17 43 37
Good 51 47 53 57 58 59 56 80 35 25
Excellent 8 10 4 10 14 4 1 2 0 8
Winter Wheat Condition                    
Very Poor 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 5
Poor 9 1 3 2 2 4 2 2 15 18
Fair 24 21 37 20 18 27 15 3 40 33
Good 51 49 51 61 53 66 79 67 41 35
Excellent 14 29 9 17 27 3 4 29 1 9
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 11 0 6 0 0 2 6 2 48 21
Poor 17 7 17 2 10 21 30 3 27 40
Fair 39 42 39 59 37 45 38 47 25 31
Good 28 26 34 30 45 31 26 46 0 8
Excellent 5 25 4 9 8 1 0 2 0 0
Average Precipitation 0.18 0.33 0.26 0.13 0.43 0.09 0.14 0.05 0.06 0.23