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Week Ending September 2, 2012

Agricultural Summary

Remnants of Hurricane Isaac dropped much needed rainfall across the state limiting farmers to 5.0 days suitable for fieldwork.  Rain fell slowly over several days misting plants, allowing good soil absorption, and limiting runoff.  Topsoil moisture supply improved to 35 percent very short, 33 percent short, 31 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus.  Subsoil moisture supply remained low at 71 percent very short, 23 percent short, and 6 percent adequate.  

Field Crops Report

Corn mature was 84 percent, 15 days ahead of last year, and 4 weeks ahead of normal.  Corn harvested increased 12 points to 44 percent, 3 weeks ahead of last year, and 4 weeks ahead of normal.  Corn moisture at harvest was 16.3 percent ranging from 17.5 percent in the north-central to 13.3 percent in the southwest district.  Corn condition at 58 percent very poor, 27 percent poor, 10 percent fair, 4 percent good, and 1 percent excellent, remained similar to last week.  Soybeans setting pods and beyond were 94 percent, 4 days ahead of last year, and 10 days ahead of normal.  Soybeans turning color and beyond were 27 percent, 1 week ahead of last year, and 8 days ahead of normal.  Soybeans dropping leaves and beyond were 7 percent, 6 days ahead of last year and normal.  Soybeans began to mature with condition rated 44 percent very poor, 33 percent poor, 17 percent fair, 5 percent good, and 1 percent excellent.  Cotton opening bolls and beyond was 43 percent, 6 days ahead of last year, and 3 days ahead of normal.  Cotton condition was 11 percent very poor, 29 percent poor, 40 percent fair, 18 percent good, and 2 percent excellent.  Rice harvested was 18 percent, 16 days ahead of last year, and 9 days ahead of normal with condition at 5 percent poor, 23 percent fair, 52 percent good, and 20 percent excellent.  Sorghum turning color and beyond was 61 percent, 5 days ahead of last year, and 4 days ahead of normal.  Sorghum mature was 24 percent, 8 days ahead of last year, and 6 days ahead of normal.  Sorghum harvest, at 2 percent complete, was 6 days ahead of last year, but the same as normal.  Sorghum condition was 26 percent very poor, 38 percent poor, 27 percent fair, and 9 percent good.  Alfalfa hay 3rd cutting was 72 percent, 17 days behind last year, and 11 days behind normal. 

Pasture & Livestock

Pasture condition improved from last week to 82 percent very poor, 17 percent poor, and 1 percent fair.  Some producers began to drill rye or other perennial grasses into pasture to prepare for fall.  Supply of hay and other roughages improved to 57 percent very short, 31 percent short, and 12 percent adequate.  Stock water supplies also improved to 65 percent very short, 26 percent short, and 9 percent adequate.  Prolonged precipitation was still needed to replenish stock water supplies.

Weather Summary

Temperatures were 1 to 4 degrees above average.  Precipitation averaged 2.84 inches statewide.  The west-central district received 3.73 inches, and Ray County received 8.86 inches last week.

Audio Commentary

Weekly Crop Progress and Condition Audio Commentary is available on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/


Weather Data

Hourly and daily weather data from stations throughout the state is available at: at the
Missouri Historical Agricultural Weather Database.

http://agebb.missouri.edu/weather/history/

District Summaries As Of September 2, 2012
  Missouri NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE
Days Suitable For Fieldwork                    
This Year 5.0 5.4 5.4 5.5 4.4 4.7 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.9
Last Year 6.3 5.0 6.1 6.5 6.6 6.2 6.5 7.0 6.7 6.7
Topsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 35 43 29 35 15 50 14 43 41 38
Short 33 33 17 36 34 40 52 35 38 21
Adequate 31 24 54 29 51 8 34 22 21 37
Surplus 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 4
Subsoil Moisture Supply                    
Very Short 71 80 74 93 46 84 57 69 88 46
Short 23 19 26 7 33 15 37 31 12 31
Adequate 6 1 0 0 21 1 6 0 0 23
Surplus 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Corn Harvested, Percent                    
This Year 44 14 30 23 84 62 50 88 78 68
Last Year 10 1 3 4 28 8 5 53 13 8
Normal 8                  
Soybeans Turning Color and Beyond, Percent                    
This Year 27 25 32 40 28 35 23 18 28 17
Last Year 10 8 9 19 11 10 17 6 9 7
Normal 11                  
Sorghum Mature, Percent                    
This Year 24 13 5 67 13 12 0 15 89 28
Last Year 15 67 6 27 26 4 1 2 9 23
Normal 16                  
Alfalfa Hay 3rd Cutting, Percent                    
This Year 72 87 56 67 94 74 89 68 74 98
Last Year 89 90 85 100 96 98 81 95 100 100
Normal 85                  
Corn Condition                    
Very Poor 58 54 66 67 62 79 53 43 59 30
Poor 27 28 25 25 33 17 29 42 30 25
Fair 10 15 7 8 4 4 14 15 11 17
Good 4 3 2 0 1 0 4 0 0 21
Excellent 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7
Soybean Condition                    
Very Poor 44 49 55 49 51 65 22 51 28 23
Poor 33 37 32 35 36 25 44 35 6 29
Fair 17 12 13 15 13 8 27 13 66 28
Good 5 2 0 1 0 2 7 1 0 18
Excellent 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
Sorghum Condition                    
Very Poor 26 22 43 5 39 56 20 34 47 14
Poor 38 31 38 32 41 36 47 39 19 39
Fair 27 47 19 35 20 8 31 27 19 33
Good 9 0 0 28 0 0 2 0 15 13
Excellent 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Supply of Hay and Other Roughages                    
Very Short 57 56 50 49 51 61 70 45 72 51
Short 31 36 37 39 38 29 26 19 26 49
Adequate 12 8 13 11 11 10 4 36 2 0
Surplus 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stock Water Supplies                    
Very Short 65 48 52 51 54 80 77 71 77 35
Short 26 34 33 36 29 17 18 20 23 40
Adequate 9 18 15 12 17 3 5 9 0 25
Surplus 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pasture Condition                    
Very Poor 82 76 83 82 87 86 61 93 82 50
Poor 17 23 17 16 13 14 34 7 18 36
Fair 1 1 0 2 0 0 5 0 0 12
Good 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
Excellent 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Corn Moisture at Harvest, Percent                    
This Year 16.3 17.2 17.5 16.6 13.5 15.4 16.5 13.3 14.0 17.1
Average Precipitation 2.84 1.89 3.42 3.25 3.73 2.58 2.98 2.43 2.97 2.88