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Crop Records for Missouri
Acreage, Yield, Production
Crop Date Series Began Record Acreage Harvested Year 1/ Yield Per Acre Year 1/ Total Production Year 1/ Unit
    Thousand Acres       Thousand    
Corn-Grain 2/ 1919 High 5,993 1925 162.0 2004 466,560 2004 bu.
    Low 1,430 1983 9.3 1934 14,145 1934 bu.
Corn-Silage 1919 High 667 1954 16.0 2001 2,822 1953 tons
    Low 32 1926 2.7 1934 198 1935 tons
Soybeans 1924 High 5,830 1979 45.0 2004 223,200 2004 bu.
    Low 44 1925 5.0 1936 225 1936 bu.
Sorghum for Grain 3/ 1929 High 1,410 1985 108.0 2004 117,030 1985 bu.
    Low 23 1951 6.4 1936 167 1936 bu.
Sorghum for Silage 1929 High 144 1957 13.0 1981 1,408 1958 tons
    Low 2 2006 4.1 1936 10 2006 tons
Winter Wheat 4/ 1909 High 4,565 1919 61.0 2003 115,500 1981 bu.
    Low 540 2005 8.5 1916 9,035 1942 bu.
Oats 1866 High 2,250 1943 67.0 2003 59,427 1942 bu.
    Low 13 2004 10.0 1901 686 1993 bu.
Cotton 5/ 1879 High 600 1949 1,054 2004 985 2006 bales
    Low 32 1879 127 1895 12 1895 bales
Cottonseed 1879 High --- --- --- --- 342 2006 tons
    Low --- --- --- --- 5 1895 tons
All Rice 5/ 1924 High 214 2006 6,800 2004 14,124 2005 cwt.
    Low 1 1924 1,125 1927 22 1924 cwt.
Tobacco 1866 High 29 1877 2,600 1970 28,420 1876 lbs.
    Low 1.4 2005 505 1887 2,340 1918 lbs.
All Hay 1909 High 4,350 2004 2.17 2004 9,420 2004 tons
    Low 2,442 1937 0.51 1911 1,567 1911 tons
Alfalfa Hay 1924 High 850 1969 3.8 2004 2,493 1967 tons
    Low 120 1930 1.5 1936 216 1930 tons
All Other Hay 1924 High 3,950 2004 2.0 2004 7,900 2004 tons
    Low 1,982 1959 0.53 1934 1,402 1936 tons
Apples (Commercial) 1934 High --- --- --- --- 116,592 1937 lbs.
    Low --- --- --- --- 17,934 1936 lbs.
Peaches 1899 High --- --- --- --- 192,000 1906 lbs.
    Low --- --- --- --- 6/ 1985 lbs.
Grapes 1909 High --- --- --- --- 11.2 1931 tons
    Low --- --- --- --- 0.9 1985 tons
 
1/ Latest years that records were achieved. In some cases these records were equaled in earlier years.
2/ From 1866 through 1919, corn for grain was included in all corn estimates.
3/ From 1919 through 1929, sorghum for grain was included in all sorghum estimates.
4/ From 1866 through 1909, winter wheat was included in all wheat estimates.
5/ Yield in pounds.
6/ No significant commercial production due to frost.