2010 Weather in Review
Above average temperatures and little precipitation through much of April allowed the saturated soils to dry. The week ending April 25 saw the second consecutive week of over a million crop acres planted. Corn planting was 69 percent complete while rice planting was 84 percent complete. Soybean and sorghum planting was just beginning with 5 percent and 7 percent completed, respectively. Spring tillage was over 2 weeks ahead of normal at 69 percent complete. Heavy rainfall slowed fieldwork at the end of April through the first week of May. Fieldwork resumed briefly the second week of May until wet weather returned for the middle of the month. Dry weather the final week of May allowed soybean plantings to increase 26 points to 48 percent complete. Corn planting ended the month 95 percent complete 4 days ahead of normal while cotton planting was completed. Alfalfa and other hay cuttings were 4 days behind normal. May rainfall averaged 6.79 inches across the State compared to the 30-year average of 4.68 inches.
Wet condition in northern Missouri over much of June limited fieldwork with the northern 3 districts receiving between 8.51 and 9.52 inches of precipitation. Dry conditions in June across the southern third of the State lead to topsoil moisture conditions in the south-central and southeast districts that were 93 and 94 percent short to very short, respectively, by July 4th. Soybean and sorghum planting were near completion as dry weather prevailed Statewide the last week of June into early July. Wheat harvest neared completion by mid July, 8 days ahead of normal. General rainfall Statewide during the middle of July improved topsoil moisture supply and slightly improved crop conditions. Heavy rains and flooding caused damage in the northeast and north-central districts during the week of July 25 with Adair and Shelby counties receiving 10.09 and 9.65 inches, respectively. As of August 1, other hay cut at 93 percent and second cutting of alfalfa at 87 percent were 3 and 7 days behind, respectively. Above average temperatures and below average rainfall during August left most crop development ahead of normal with the corn, sorghum, and rice harvest underway. The dry conditions in the southern third of the State returned with a range of 85 to 95 percent of the topsoil moisture short to very short. Over 30 percent of the pasture, condition was poor to very poor across the State while the south third of the State ranged from 71 to 77 percent poor to very poor.
A wet September over much of Missouri with 8.22 inches of rain limited, harvest progress except in the southeast district where 3.46 inches fell. This drier weather in the southeast district allowed for most of the corn, 83 percent of the rice, and 31 percent of the cotton to be harvested by September 26. With under an inch of precipitation throughout October, harvest and winter wheat seedings made significant progress. Over 2 million acres were harvested the first two weeks of October. Rice and cotton harvests finished 31 and 38 days ahead of normal, respectively. As of November 7, only 3 percent of the soybeans and 2 percent of the corn and sorghum were still in the field. Wheat seeding was 97 percent complete while germination had been poor due to dry topsoil moisture conditions of 66 percent short to very short Statewide.