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September 30, 2005

Missouri Hog and Pig Inventory Below Year Earlier

(COLUMBIA, MO) -The September 1, 2005 inventory of Missouri hogs and pigs is estimated at 2.85 million head, down 50,000 head from a year ago and unchanged from the June 1, 2005 inventory. Breeding hogs are estimated at 340,000 head, up 10,000 head from a year ago and unchanged from last quarter. “The smaller inventory number indicates producers continue to reduce hog numbers in recent months, with farrowing intentions over the next six months continuing this trend” according to Marlowe Schlegel, Deputy Director of Missouri Agricultural Statistics. Market hogs are estimated at 2.51 million head, down 60,000 head from the same period last year but unchanged from June 1, 2005.

The June-August 2005 pig crop totaled 1.54 million head, up slightly from the same quarter a year earlier and higher than the comparable period two years ago. There were 170,000 sows farrowed during this quarter with an average of 9.05 pigs per litter. Farrowing intentions for September-November 2005 are forecast at 170,000 sows, even with the actual farrowings during the same period last year and down from two years ago. December-February 2006 farrowings are also forecast at 165,000 head, down 3 percent from both last year and two years ago.

U.S. Hog Inventory Up 1 Percent

U.S. inventory of all hogs and pigs on September 1, 2005 was 61.5 million head. This was up slightly from September 1, 2004, and up 1 percent from June 1, 2005.

Breeding inventory, at 5.97 million head, was up less than 1 percent from last year but down less than 1 percent from last quarter. Market hog inventory, at 55.6 million head, was virtually unchanged from last year but up 2 percent from last quarter.

The June - August 2005 U.S. pig crop, at 26.3 million head, was up slightly from 2004 and up 1 percent from 2003. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 2.90 million head, down slightly from last year. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 49 percent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was 9.07 for the June-August 2005 period, compared to 9.01 last year. Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.60 for operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 9.10 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.