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November 10, 2005

Missouri Corn and Soybean Production Up From Month Ago

Columbia, MO - "Missouri yields for corn, soybeans and cotton turned out better than expected a month ago while rice yields are down slightly," said Gene Danekas, Director. "Harvest is nearing completion ahead of normal due to the dry weather through much of October and early November."

Missouri soybean production is forecast at 178 million bushels based on November 1 conditions, up 3 percent from a month ago but 20 percent below the record production of 2004. A State yield average of 36 bushels per acre is expected, 1 bushel above the October forecast but 9 bushels below the record set last year.

Corn production in Missouri is forecast at 319 million bushels, up 3 percent from the October forecast but 32 percent below last year's record high. The projected record yield of 108 bushels per acre is 3 bushels above the October forecast but sharply below the 162 bushel record of 2004.

Cotton production in Missouri is forecast at a record 870,000 bales, up 10 percent from the October 1 forecast and 5 percent above the previous record set a year earlier. The forecast yield of 960 pounds is 88 pounds more than expected a month earlier but 94 pounds below last year's record yield.

Missouri grain sorghum production is forecast at 9.23 million bushels, unchanged from the October forecast but 41 percent below last year. The State yield forecast of 71 bushels per acre is the same as a month ago but 37 bushels below last year's record yield.

Rice production in the State is expected to total a record 13.3 million cwt, down 3 percent from the October forecast but fractionally above the previous record of 2003. A yield of 6,300 pounds per acre is forecast, 200 pounds less than expected a month earlier and 500 pounds below last year's record.

United States Soybean Production Up 3 Percent; Corn and Cotton Up 2 Percent from October

United States soybean production is forecast at 3.04 billion bushels, up 3 percent from October but 3 percent below 2004. If realized, this would be the second largest U.S. soybean crop on record, only behind last year's crop. Based on November 1 conditions, yields are expected to average a record high 42.7 bushels per acre, up 1.1 bushels from October and 0.5 bushel above last year. Area for harvest in the U.S. is forecast at 71.3 million acres, unchanged from last month but down 4 percent from 2004.

Corn production in the U.S. is forecast at 11.0 billion bushels, up 2 percent from last month but 7 percent below 2004. Yields are expected to average 148.4 bushels per acre, up 2.3 bushels from October but 12.0 bushels below last year. If realized, both production and yield would be the second largest on record, behind last year.

All cotton production in the U.S. is forecast at 23.2 million 480-pound bales, up 2 percent from the October forecast but slightly below last year's record high production. Yield is expected to average 813 pounds per acre, up 16 pounds from last month but down 42 pounds from 2004. If realized, both production and yield would be the second largest on record, behind last year. The November area expected for harvest remains unchanged from last month at 13.7 million acres but is up 5 percent from 2004.

Sorghum production in the U.S. is forecast at 388 million bushels, up 3 percent from last month but down 15 percent from last year. The yield forecast is 68.2 bushels per acre, up 2.2 bushels from October but down 1.6 bushels from last year. Area for harvest as grain is forecast at 5.69 million acres, unchanged from last month and 13 percent below last year.

Production of rice in the U.S. is forecast at 221 million cwt, down 1 percent from the October forecast and down 4 percent from last year. Area expected for harvest, at 3.34 million acres, is unchanged from last month but up fractionally from 2004. As of November 1, the U.S. all rice yield is forecast at 6,603 pounds per acre, down 75 pounds from last month and down 339 pounds from last year's record high yield.

Missouri Soybean Production And Yield
By District
  Acres Planted Acres Harvested Yield Production
area 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 20051/2/ 2004 20051/
  -thousands- -thousands- -bu/acre- -thousand bu.-
NW 946.4 964 938.8 955 47.4 46 44,466 44,200
NC 692.6 729 684.1 722 45.1 37 30,842 26,700
NE 812.7 815 806.9 806 47.9 30 38,690 24,200
WC 544.5 545 540.4 540 44.0 37 23,797 20,000
C 531.7 521 528.2 516 47.1 29 24,887 14,950
EC 338.0 336 335.6 333 45.6 34 15,307 11,300
SW 156.0 155 154.9 153 34.4 28 5,329 4,300
SC 35.9 35 35.5 34 37.5 34 1,331 1,150
SE 942.2 900 935.6 891 41.2 35 38,551 31,400
State 5,000.0 5,000 4,960.0 4,950 45.0 36 223,200 178,200
1/ November 1 forecast
2/ 2005 District yields rounded to whole bushels

Missouri Corn Production And Yield
By District
  Acres Planted Acres Harvested Yield Production
Area 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 20051/2/ 2004 20051/
  -thousands- -thousands- -bu/acre- -thousand bu.-
NW 712.2 727 704.3 709 163.3 142 115,018 100,350
NC 317.5 331 311.5 316 161.5 98 50,298 31,050
NE 496.8 536 483.9 498 168.6 67 81,603 33,200
WC 285.0 325 278.9 312 155.4 109 43,345 33,900
C 346.1 388 333.4 363 167.6 86 55,889 31,050
EC 225.9 236 218.6 221 152.9 79 33,426 17,550
SW 83.3 102 78.0 96 144.9 98 11,301 9,400
SC 21.6 23 18.5 18 137.9 125 2,552 2,250
SE 461.6 432 452.9 417 161.5 144 73,128 59,850
State 2,950.0 3,100 2,880.0 2,950 162.0 108 466,560 318,600
1/ November 1 Forecast
2/ 2005 District yields rounded to whole bushels