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January 12, 2006

Corn & Soybean Production Sharply Below 2004

"Missouri corn, sorghum and hay yields for 2005 averaged well below normal, as dry conditions persisted from late June into early August," said Gene Danekas, Director, Missouri Agricultural Statistics. "In contrast, cotton, rice and potatoes produced excellent yields, while soybeans showed substantial recovery from the drought due to August and September rainfall."

Missouri soybean production in 2005 totaled 184 million bushels, down 18 percent from the record 2004 crop. Farmers in Missouri harvested 4.96 million of the 5.0 million acres planted in the State. Missouri yields averaged 37 bushels per acre, down 8 bushels from the record 2004 yield but 7.5 bushels above 2 years ago.

Corn production in Missouri during 2005 totaled 330 million bushels, 29 percent below the record level of a year earlier. Yields for the State averaged 111 bushels per acre, down 51 bushels from the 2004 record yield but 3 bushels above the 2003 yield. Out of 3.1 million planted acres, corn for grain was produced from 2.97 million acres and 110,000 acres were cut for silage.

Missouri grain sorghum production totaled 9.88 million bushels, down 37 percent from 2004. Of the 135,000 acres planted, 130,000 were harvested for grain, 10 percent less than a year earlier. Average yield for the State was 76 bushels per acre, down 32 bushels from the record 2004 yield and 1 bushel below the 2 years earlier.

Missouri cotton production is estimated at a record 885,000 bales, 7 percent above the previous record high of 2004. The State yield is estimated at 970 pounds, the second highest yield below the 1,054 pound record of 2004. Missouri farmers harvested 438,000 of the 440,000 acres planted.

Rice production in Missouri during 2005 totaled a record 14.1 million cwt, 7 percent above the previous record of a year earlier. Yield is estimated at 6,600 pounds per acre, 200 pounds below the 6,800 pound record set in 2004. Farmers harvested 214,000 of the 216,000 planted acres.

Tobacco production in the state totaled 2.8 million pounds, 16 percent less than in 2004. The State yield of 2,000 pounds is down from 2,300 pounds a year earlier and the lowest since 1993. Missouri farmers harvested 1,400 acres of tobacco, 3 percent less than the previous year.

Commercial potato production in Missouri for 2005 totaled 1.97 million cwt, 3 percent above the 2004 production. The 5,800 acres harvested produced a yield of 340 cwt, up 30 cwt from 2004 and equaling the 2001 record.

Hay production in the state totaled 6.72 million tons, 29 percent below the record 2004 crop. Missouri hay yields averaged 1.68 tons per acre, compared with 2.17 tons a year earlier. Harvested area of all hay, at 4 million acres, declined 8 percent from 2004.

U.S. Crop Production

United States soybean production in 2005 totaled 3.09 billion bushels, the second largest U.S. soybean crop on record. This is up 1 percent from the November forecast but 1 percent below the record-setting 2004 crop. The average yield per acre is estimated at a record high 43.3 bushels, 0.6 bushel above the November forecast and 1.1 bushels above the 2004 final yield. Harvested area is down 4 percent from 2004, to 71.4 million acres.

Corn for grain production in the U.S. is estimated at 11.1 billion bushels, up 1 percent from the November forecast but down 6 percent from the 11.8 billion bushels produced in 2004. The average U.S. grain yield is estimated at 147.9 bushels per acre, down 0.5 bushel from the November forecast and down 12.5 bushels from 2004. The 2005 production and yield estimates are the second largest on record, behind last year. Area harvested for grain, at 75.1 million acres, is up 2 percent from 2004.

U.S. sorghum for grain production in 2005 is estimated at 394 million bushels, up 2 percent from the November forecast but 13 percent below 2004. Area harvested for grain is estimated at 5.74 million acres, down 12 percent from 2004. Average grain yield, at 68.7 bushels per acre, is 0.9 bushel below the 2004 average yield.

All cotton production in the U.S. is estimated at a record high 23.7 million bales, up fractionally from last month and 2 percent more than last year's production. Yield is expected to average 831 pounds per acre, down 24 pounds per acre from the previous year. Production surpasses the previous record high set last year, while yield is the second highest on record. Harvested area, at 13.7 million acres, is up 30,000 acres from December and 5 percent above 2004.

U.S. rice production in 2005 totaled 223 million cwt, down 4 percent from last year's record crop but up 1 percent from the November forecast. Area for harvest, at 3.36 million acres, is up 1 percent from 2004. The average yield for all U.S. rice is estimated at 6,636 pounds per acre, 352 pounds below the 2004 yield.

U.S. tobacco production in 2005 totaled 640 million pounds, virtually unchanged from the October 1 forecast but 27 percent below 2004. Growers harvested 298,020 acres in 2005, three percent below the previous forecast and down 27 percent from last year. This is the lowest harvested acres on record. The previous low of 369,000 acres was in 1868.

Total 2005 U.S. potato production from all four seasons is estimated at 421 million cwt, down 8 percent from both the 2004 and 2003 crops. Harvested area, at 1.08 million acres, is down 7 percent from last year and 13 percent lower than two years ago. The average yield, at 388 cwt per acre, is 3 cwt below last year but 21 cwt above 2003.

Production of all dry hay in the U.S. for 2005 is estimated at 151 million tons, down 1 percent from the October 1 forecast and down 5 percent from the 2004 total. Area harvested, at 61.6 million acres, is down slightly from the October forecast and down less than 1 percent from 2004. The average yield, at 2.44 tons per acre, is down 0.04 ton from October and down 0.11 ton from the previous year.

Winter Wheat Seedings for 2006

Fall seedings for the 2006 winter wheat crop in Missouri total 1 million acres, up 69 percent from the 2005 crop seeded acreage but similar to the level of 2 years ago. Conditions for planting wheat in October and November were more favorable than the wet weather of a year earlier.

U.S. winter wheat seeded area for 2006 is expected to total 41.4 million acres, up 2 percent from 2005. Approximate class acreage breakdowns are: Hard Red Winter, 29.9 million; Soft Red Winter, 7.3 million; and White Winter, 4.2 million.

December 1, 2005 Grain Stocks

Soybeans in all storage positions in Missouri on December 1, 2005 totaled 138.1 million bushels, down 5 percent from a year earlier. Stocks on farms accounted for 87 million bushels, 13 percent less than on December 1, 2004, while off-farm beans totaled 51.1 million bushels, 13 percent more than a year ago.

Missouri corn stocks on December 1, 2005 totaled 259.3 million bushels, 7 percent below a year earlier. Of the total, 185 million bushels were on farms and 74.3 million bushels were in commercial facilities.

Wheat stocks in Missouri on December 1 totaled 18.9 million bushels, down 22 percent from a year earlier. The total was comprised of 1.9 million bushels on farms and 17 million bushels off-farm.

Sorghum stocks in Missouri on December 1, 2005 totaled 6.44 million bushels, 40 percent below a year earlier. Sorghum on farms accounted for 4.3 million bushels and 2.14 million bushels were held off-farm.

Missouri rough rice stocks in all positions on December 1 totaled 7.73 million cwt, 3 percent less than a year earlier.

Soybeans stored in all positions in the U.S. on December 1, 2005 totaled 2.50 billion bushels, up 9 percent from December 1, 2004. Soybean stocks stored on farms totaled 1.35 billion bushels, up 3 percent from a year ago. Off-farm stocks, at 1.16 billion bushels, are up 15 percent from last December. Indicated disappearance for
September - November 2005 totaled 840 million bushels, down 10 percent from the same period a year earlier.

Corn stocks in all positions in the U.S. on December 1, 2005 totaled 9.81 billion bushels, up 4 percent from December 1, 2004. Of the total stocks, 6.33 billion bushels are stored on farms, up 3 percent from a year earlier. Off-farm stocks, at 3.49 billion bushels, are up 5 percent from a year ago. The September - November 2005 indicated disappearance is 3.41 billion bushels, compared with 3.31 billion bushels during the same period last year.

U.S. all wheat stored in all positions on December 1, 2005 totaled 1.43 billion bushels, down slightly from a year ago. On-farm stocks are estimated at 513 million bushels, down 3 percent from last December. Off-farm stocks, at 917 million bushels, are up 2 percent from a year ago. The September - November 2005 indicated disappearance is 494 million bushels, down 3 percent from the same period a year earlier.

Grain sorghum stored in all positions in the U.S. on December 1, 2005 totaled 289 million bushels, up 2 percent from a year ago. On-farm stocks, at 55.0 million bushels, are down 30 percent from December 1 last year. Off-farm stocks, at 234 million bushels, are up 15 percent from a year earlier. The September - November 2005 indicated disappearance from all positions is 162 million bushels, down 21 percent from the same period in 2004.

Rough rice stocks in all U.S. positions on December 1, 2005, totaled 160 million hundredweight (cwt), down 4 percent from the total on December 1, 2004. Stocks held on farms totaled 58.6 million cwt, and off-farm stocks totaled 102 million cwt.

Oats stored in all positions in the U.S. on December 1, 2005 totaled 95.7 million bushels, 9 percent below the stocks on December 1, 2004. Of the total stocks on hand, 60.1 million bushels are stored on farms, down slightly from a year ago. Off-farm stocks totaled 35.6 million bushels, down 20 percent from the previous year.