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January 27, 2006

Missouri Cattle Inventory Up 3.4 Percent

The January 1, 2006, all cattle and calf inventory in Missouri totaled 4.55 million head up 150,000 head from the revised January 1, 2005 estimate. Gene Danekas, Director, Missouri Agricultural Statistics said, "Missouri's beef replacement heifers are one of the numbers to look closely at, up 17.2 percent from last year. This suggests producers have started the herd rebuilding process." Beef cow numbers increased during 2005 and totaled 2.24 million head as of January 1, 2006. Compared to a year ago, beef cow numbers were up 115,000 head (5.4%) from the revised 2005 estimate, while milk cows are down by 5,000 head from last year to 114,000 head.

Other class estimates on January 1, 2006 and percent changes from 2005 were as follows: all heifers 500 pounds and over, up 6 percent from last year to 670,000 head; milk replacement heifers 500 pounds and over, up 8 percent from last year to 70,000 head; other heifers 500 pounds and over, down 5 percent from last year's estimate to 260,000 head; steers 500 pounds and over, unchanged at 460,000 head; bulls 500 pounds and over, up 8 percent to 130,000 head; and calves under 500 pounds, down 1 percent to 940,000 head.

The 2005 calf crop was estimated at 2.08 million head, up slightly from the revised 2004 calf crop of 2.04 million head.

Cattle on feed for slaughter market at 70,000 was unchanged from a year ago.

U.S. January 1 Cattle Inventory Up 2 Percent

All cattle and calves in the United States as of January 1, 2006, totaled 97.1 million head, 2 percent above the 95.4 million on January 1, 2005.

All cows and heifers that have calved, at 42.3 million, were up 1 percent from the 41.9 million on January 1, 2005.

  • Beef cows, at 33.3 million, were up 1 percent from January 1, 2005.
  • Milk cows, at 9.06 million, were up 1 percent from January 1, 2005.

Other class estimates on January 1, 2006, and the change from January 1, 2005, are as follows:

  • All heifers 500 pounds and over, 20.0 million, up 2 percent.
  • Beef replacement heifers, 5.90 million, up 4 percent.
  • Milk replacement heifers, 4.28 million, up 4 percent.
  • Other heifers, 9.80 million, up slightly.
  • Steers weighing 500 pounds and over, 16.9 million, up 3 percent.
  • Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over, 2.26 million, up 2 percent.
  • Calves under 500 pounds, 15.6 million, up 2 percent.
  • Cattle and calves on feed for slaughter in all feedlots, 14.1 million, up 3 percent.
  • The combined total of calves under 500 pounds, and other heifers and steers over 500 pounds outside of feedlots was 28.2 million, up 2 percent.

The 2005 calf crop was estimated at 37.8 million head, up 1 percent from 2004. Calves born during the first half of the year are estimated at 27.4 million, up slightly from 2004.