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June 30, 2006

Missouri Hog and Pig Numbers Below Year Earlier

(COLUMBIA, Mo.) - The June 1, 2006 inventory of Missouri hogs and pigs is estimated at 2.70 million head according to the USDA’s Missouri Agricultural Statistics Service. This is down 5.26 percent from a year earlier but unchanged from the March 1, 2006 estimate. According to Gene Danekas, Director, “For the third quarter in a row total inventory numbers remain at the same level, their lowest since 1991.” Breeding hogs are estimated at 350,000 head, up 2.94 percent from a year ago and up 1.45 percent from last quarter. Market hogs are estimated at 2.35 million head, down 6.37 percent from a year earlier and down slightly from March 1, 2006.

The March-May 2006 pig crop was estimated at 1.55 million head, unchanged from the same period a year earlier but 4.18 percent above the previous quarter. Farrowings, at 170,000 sows, were unchanged from a year ago but 5,000 head above last quarter. Pigs saved per litter, at 9.10 were unchanged from a year earlier but increased 1.11 percent from the 9.00 pigs saved the previous quarter.

Missouri hog producers intend to farrow 165,000 sows during June-August 2006, 2.94 percent below the number actually farrowed during the same period a year earlier. During September-November 2006 hog producers also expect to farrow 165,000 sows, 5.71 percent below actual farrowings in September-November of 2005.

United States Hog Inventory Up Slightly

U.S. inventory of all hogs and pigs on June 1, 2006 was 60.9 million head. This was up slightly from June 1, 2005 and up 1 percent from March 1, 2006.

Breeding inventory, at 6.06 million head, was up 1 percent from both last year and from the previous quarter. Market hog inventory, at 54.9 million head, was up slightly from last year and up 2 percent from last quarter.

The March-May 2006 pig crop, at 26.3 million head, was up 1 percent from 2005 and up 3 percent from 2004. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 2.90 million head, up 1 percent from both 2005 and 2004. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 48 percent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was 9.08 for the March-May 2006 period, compared to 9.02 last year. Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.60 for operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 9.20 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.