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August 11, 2006

Missouri Crop Production Above Last year

(Columbia, MO) - "The hot, dry weather of recent weeks has stressed row crops over most of the State but farmers are still expecting corn yields to average better than normal and soybeans to develop similar to average" said Gene Danekas, Director, Missouri Agricultural Statistics. "The crop outlook varies considerably by area, with yield expectations generally the lowest in the west-central, central and southwestern counties and highest in the major-producing areas of the northwest and southeast districts."

Missouri soybean production is forecast at 191 million bushels based on August 1, 2006 condition, up 4 percent from last year but 15 percent less than the record high of 2004. If realized, the forecast record yield of 37 bushels per acre would be equal to last year’s yield and 1.7 bushel above the 10-year average. Harvested acres, at 5.15 million, are up 4 percent from the past 2 years. Corn production in Missouri is forecast at 360 million bushels, 9 percent above last year’s crop but 23 percent below the record 2004 crop. The expected yield of 136 bushels per acre is 25 bushels above the 2005 yield and 14 bushels above the 10-year average. Farmers are expecting to harvest 2.65 million of the 2.75 million planted acres, 11 percent less than last year.

Winter Wheat production in Missouri is estimated at 46.1 million bushels, unchanged from the July 1 forecast. The estimated yield of 53 bushels per acre and harvested acres, at 870,000, are also held unchanged. Grain sorghum production is forecast at 10.8 million bushels, up 9 percent from the 2005 production. The expected yield of 86 bushels per acre would be 10 bushels above last year but 22 bushels below the 2004 record. Of the 130,000 planted acres, 125,000 are expected to be harvested for grain.

Cotton production in Missouri is forecast at a record 1.03 million bales, 19 percent above last year’s record. The increase is due to a projected yield of 1,030 pounds, second only to the record of 1,054 pounds in 2004, and an expected harvest area of 480,000 acres, 10 percent more than in 2005 and the highest since 1952. Rice production in the State is forecast at a record 14.8 million cwt, 5 percent more than the previous record of last year. Harvested acres are forecast at 214,000, equaling the 2005 record acreage. A record yield of 6,900 pounds is expected, 300 pounds above last year and 100 pounds above the current record high of 2004.

Missouri Tobacco production is forecast at 3.68 million pounds, up 31 percent from the 2005 crop. The projected yield of 2,300 pounds would be 225 pounds above last year, while harvest acres, at 1,600, are up 19 percent. All hay production in the State is forecast at 7.1 million tons, 6 percent more than in 2005 but 25 percent less than the record of 2 years ago. A yield of 1.8 tons is forecast, up from 1.68 last year. Alfalfa hay production is forecast at 1.06 million tons from 400,000 acres, with a yield of 2.65 tons per acre. Other hay production is forecast at 6.04 million tons from 3.55 million acres, with a yield of 1.7 tons.

Apple production in Missouri is forecast at 57 million pounds (1.36 million bushels), 16 percent more than last year. Grape production is forecast at 4,400 tons, 13 percent above the 2005 crop.

United States soybean production is forecast at 2.93 billion bushels, down 5 percent from 2005 and down 6 percent from 2004. Based on August 1 conditions, yields are expected to average 39.6 bushels per acre, down 3.7 bushels from the record high U.S. yield set last year. Area for harvest, at 73.9 million acres, remains unchanged from June but is up 4 percent from 2005. Corn production in the U.S. is forecast at 11.0 billion bushels, down 1 percent from last year and 7 percent below 2004. Based on conditions as of August 1, yields are expected to average 152.2 bushels per acre, up 4.3 bushels from last year. If realized, yield would be the second largest and production would be the third largest on record.

All wheat production, at 1.80 billion bushels, is down slightly from the July forecast and down 14 percent from 2005. Based on August 1 conditions, the U.S. yield is forecast at 38.3 bushels per acre, unchanged from last month but 3.7 bushels below last year. Winter wheat production is forecast at 1.28 billion bushels, up slightly from last month but 14 percent below 2005. The U.S. yield is forecast at 41.2 bushels per acre, up 0.1 bushel from July 1. The first production forecast for the 2006 crop year of U.S. sorghum is 296 million bushels, down 25 percent from last year. If realized, this would be the lowest production since 1956. A sorghum yield forecast is 55.8 bushels per acre, down 12.9 bushels from last year. Area for harvest as grain is forecast at 5.32 million acres, unchanged from June but 7 percent below last year.

All Cotton in the U.S. production is forecast at 20.4 million 480-pound bales, down 14 percent from last year’s record high 23.9 million bales. Yield is expected to average 765 pounds per harvested acre, down 66 pounds from 2005. Upland cotton production is forecast at 19.5 million 480-pound bales, 16 percent below 2005. Rice production is forecast at 197 million cwt, down 12 percent from last year and down 15 percent from 2004. Area for harvest is expected to total 2.90 million acres, unchanged from June but down 14 percent from last year. The U.S. yield is forecast at 6,813 pounds per acre, up 177 pounds from last year.

Missouri Soybean Production and Yield by District
Area Acres Planted Acres Harvested Yield Production
2005 2006 2005 20061/ 2005 20061/ 2005 20061/
  -thousands- -thousands- -bu/acre- -thousand bu.-
NW 965.9 1,004 959.5 995 44.7 40 42,850 39,900
NC 731.4 759 726.9 752 36.9 36 26,834 27,300
NE 814.0 815 806.6 807 33.2 37 26,779 30,000
WC 546.5 562 542.1 557 36.8 30 19,946 16,900
C 521.4 541 515.8 536 32.7 32 16,881 17,400
EC 335.4 348 331.3 344 35.2 40 11,646 13,700
SW 155.2 170 152.7 168 28.1 27 4,297 4,550
SC 34.3 40 33.7 39 35.7 33 1,202 1,300
SE 895.9 961 891.4 952 37.1 41 33,085 39,500
State 5,000.0 5,200 4,960.0 5,150 37.0 37 183,520 190,550
 
 

Missouri Corn Production and Yield by District
Area Acres Planted Acres Harvested Yield Production
2005 2006 2005 20061/ 2005 20061/ 2005 20061/
  -thousands- -thousands- -bu/acre- -thousand bu.-
NW 730.5 682 718.9 672 136.7 140 98,277 94,080
NC 332.6 297 321.6 290 109.9 136 35,343 39,315
NE 534.3 465 502.1 446 67.8 135 34,050 60,345
WC 323.1 279 311.3 267 115.6 115 35,974 30,700
C 388.9 331 363.0 310 92.7 117 33,645 36,370
EC 237.1 210 225.2 200 95.8 141 21,569 28,220
SW 102.3 94 88.0 84 91.1 117 8,021 9,860
SC 21.9 21 17.5 17 120.5 85 2,108 1,450
SE 429.3 371 422.4 364 143.7 165 60,683 60,060
State 3,100.0 2,750 2,970.0 2,650 111.0 136 329,670 360,400
 
 

Missouri Wheat Production and Yield By District
Area Acres Planted Acres Harvested Yield Production
2005 2006 2005 20061/ 2005 20061/ 2005 20061/
  -thousands- -thousands- -bu/acre- -thousand bu.-
NW 32.0 64 30.1 61 49.8 56 1,500 3,407
NC 39.0 85 35.4 81 50.6 54 1,790 4,374
NE 45.5 112 42.3 105 57.9 60 2,450 6,300
WC 65.5 129 62.5 123 50.2 49 3,140 6,016
C 56.0 114 49.4 104 50.2 51 2,480 5,304
EC 42.5 86 39.4 76 49.5 53 1,950 4,028
SW 87.0 114 76.4 91 49.1 30 3,750 2,720
SC 8.5 12 6.0 8 57.3 44 344 352
SE 214.0 284 198.5 221 59.2 62 11,756 13,609
State 590.0 1,000 540.0 870 54.0 53 29,160 46,110
1/ August 1 Forecast