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September 29, 2006

Missouri Hog and Pig Inventory Below Year Earlier

Columbia, MO - The September 1, 2006 inventory of Missouri hogs and pigs is estimated at 2.75 million head, down 100,000 head from a year ago but 50,000 head above the June 1, 2006 inventory. “This is the first quarter to quarter increase since March to June of 2004 and may be the beginning of an expansion in Missouri hog and pig numbers” according to Gene Danekas, Director of Missouri Agricultural Statistics Breeding hogs are estimated at 355,000 head, up 15,000 head from a year ago and 5,000 head above last quarter. Market hogs are estimated at 2.395 million head, down 115,000 head from the same period last year but 45,000 head above June 1, 2006.

The June-August 2006 pig crop totaled 1.55 million head, slightly above the same quarter a year earlier and 1 percent higher than the comparable period two years ago. There were 170,000 sows farrowed during this quarter with an average of 9.10 pigs per litter. Farrowing intentions for September-November 2006 are forecast at 170,000 sows, even with the actual farrowings during the same period last year and down 10,000 head from two years ago. December-February 2007 farrowings are forecast at 165,000 head, unchanged from the number that farrowed a year earlier and 5,000 head above two years ago.

U.S. Hog Inventory Up 1 Percent

U.S. inventory of all hogs and pigs on September 1, 2006 was 62.7 million head. This was up 1 percent from September 1, 2005 and up 2 percent from June 1, 2006. Breeding inventory, at 6.08 million head, was up 2 percent from last year and up slightly from the previous quarter. Market hog inventory, at 56.6 million head, was up 1 percent from last year and up 2 percent from last quarter.

The June-August 2006 pig crop, at 26.7 million head, was up 1 percent from 2005 and up 2 percent from 2004. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 2.92 million head, up slightly from 2005 and up 1 percent from 2004. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 48 percent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was 9.14 for the June-August 2006 period, compared to 9.06 last year. Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.70 for operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 9.20 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.

U.S. hog producers intend to have 2.92 million sows farrow during the September-November 2006 quarter, up 1 percent from the actual farrowings in both 2005 and 2004. Intended farrowings for December 2006-February 2007, at 2.90 million sows, are up 2 percent from both 2006 and 2005.

The total number of hogs under contract, owned by operations with over 5,000 head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 39 percent of the total U.S. hog inventory, unchanged from last year.