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December 27, 2006

Missouri Hog and Pig Inventory Above Year Earlier

Columbia, MO - The December 1, 2006 inventory of hogs and pigs in Missouri is estimated at 2.75 million head, up 50,000 head from a year ago but unchanged from the September 1, 2006 inventory. "The downward trend in the December hog inventory which began in 1997 is beginning to turn around", said Gene Danekas Director of Missouri Agricultural Statistics. "This December is the first year-to-year increase in the total inventory since 2001." Breeding hogs are estimated at 360,000 head, up 15,000 head from a year ago and up 5,000 head from last quarter. Market hogs are estimated at 2.39 million head, up 35,000 head from the same period last year but 5,000 below September 1, 2006.

The September-November 2006 pig crop totaled 1.53 million head, down 2 percent from the same quarter a year earlier but up slightly from the comparable period two years ago. There were 170,000 sows farrowed during this quarter with an average of 9.0 pigs per litter. Farrowing intentions for December-February 2007 are forecast at 175,000 sows, 10,000 sows more than the actual farrowings during the same period last year and 5,000 sows more than two years ago. March-May 2007 farrowings are also forecast at 175,000 sows, 5,000 more than the actual farrowings during that period both last year and two years ago.

United States Hog Inventory Up 1 Percent

U.S. inventory of all hogs and pigs on December 1, 2006 was 62.1 million head. This was up 1 percent from December 1, 2005, but down 1 percent from September 1, 2006.

Breeding inventory, at 6.09 million head, was up 1 percent from last year and up slightly from the previous quarter. Market hog inventory, at 56.1 million head, was up 1 percent from last year, but down 1 percent from last quarter.

The September-November 2006 pig crop, at 26.6 million head, was up 1 percent from 2005 and up 3 percent from 2004. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 2.91 million head, up slightly from 2005 and up 1 percent from 2004. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 48 percent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was 9.13 for the September- November 2006 period, compared to 9.03 last year. Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.60 for operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 9.20 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.

U.S. hog producers intend to have 2.90 million sows farrow during the December 2006 - February 2007 quarter, up 2 percent from the actual farrowings during the same period in both 2006 and 2005. Intended farrowings for March-May 2007, at 2.93 million sows, are up 1 percent from 2006 and up 2 percent from 2005.