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January 12, 2007

Corn, Soybean & Cotton Production Up From 2005

Columbia, MO - "Missouri corn pollination avoided late July heat and soybeans benefited from August rains, producing above average yields for those crops, while cotton production set a new record for the third year in a row," said Gene Danekas, Director, Missouri Agricultural Statistics. "Tobacco and potato production were also up substantially over last year. However, like last year, hay production again struggled due to heat and dryness that cut yields to below average in many areas of the State."

Missouri soybean production totaled 194 million bushels in 2006, up 7 percent from the 2005 crop. Farmers in Missouri harvested 5.11 million of the 5.15 million acres planted in the State. Missouri yields averaged 38 bushels per acre, up 1 bushel from last year but down 7 bushels from the record set in 2004.

Corn production in Missouri during 2006 totaled 363 million bushels, 10 percent above a year earlier. Yields for the State averaged 138 bushels per acre, up 27 bushels from the 2005 yield but 24 bushels below the record 2004 yield. Corn for grain was produced from 2.63 million acres out of 2.70 million planted acres, while 60,000 acres were cut for silage.

Missouri grain sorghum production totaled 8.08 million bushels, down 18 percent from 2005. Planted acreage, at 100,000, is the second-lowest on record, above only 99,000 planted in 1951. Sorghum for grain was harvested on 95,000 acres. Average yield for the State was 85 bushels per acre, up 9 bushels from 2005 but 23 bushels below the record yield 2 years earlier.

Missouri cotton production is estimated at a record 985,000 bales, 14 percent above the previous record high of 2005 and the third year in a row of record cotton production. The State yield is estimated at 953 pounds, slightly higher than last year and the second highest yield on record, below only 1,054 pounds in 2004. Planted acreage of 500,000 is the highest level since 1952, with 496,000 acres harvested.

Rice production in Missouri during 2006 totaled 13.7 million cwt, 3 percent below last year's record crop. Yield is estimated at 6,400 pounds per acre, 200 pounds below the 2005 level. Farmers harvested 214,000 of the 216,000 planted acres.

Tobacco production for 2006 totaled 3.38 million pounds, up 20 percent from last year. The State yield of 2,250 pounds is up from 2,075 pounds a year earlier. Missouri farmers harvested 1,500 acres of tobacco, 11 percent more than the previous year.

Commercial potato production in Missouri for 2006 totaled 2.39 million cwt, 12 percent above the 2005 production. The 7,600 acres harvested produced a yield of 315 cwt, down 25 cwt from last year's record yield. There were 7,800 acres planted.

Hay production in the State totaled 6.94 million tons, 3 percent above the 2005 production. Missouri hay yields averaged 1.68 tons per acre, the same as a year earlier. Harvested area of all hay, at 4.14 million acres, increased 4 percent over 2005.

U.S. Crop Production

United States soybean in 2006 totals 3.19 billion bushels, the largest U.S. soybean crop on record. This is down less than 1 percent from the November forecast but 4 percent above the 2005 production. The average yield per acre is estimated at 42.7 bushels, 0.3 bushel below both the November forecast and last year's record high yield. Harvested area is up 5 percent from 2005, to a record high 74.6 million acres.

Corn for grain production in the U.S. is estimated at 10.5 billion bushels, down 2 percent from the November forecast and 5 percent lower than 2005. The average U.S. grain yield is estimated at 149.1 bushels per acre, down 2.1 bushels from the November forecast but 1.1 bushels above 2005. The 2006 yield estimate is the second highest on record, behind 2004, while the production estimate is the third largest on record. Area harvested for grain, at 70.6 million acres, is down 6 percent from 2005.

U.S. sorghum for grain production in 2006 is estimated at 278 million bushels, down 4 percent from the November forecast and 29 percent below 2005. Planted area is estimated at 6.52 million acres, up 1 percent from last year, and area harvested for grain, at 4.94 million acres, is down 14 percent from 2005. Average grain yield, at 56.2 bushels per acre, is up 2.0 bushels from the previous forecast but down 12.3 bushels from last year.

All cotton production in 2006 in the U.S. is estimated at 1.7 million bales, up 2 percent from last month but down 9 percent from last year's record high production. The U.S. yield, at 819 pounds per acre, is down 12 pounds per acre from the previous year. Production and yield are both the third largest on record. Harvested area, at 12.7 million acres, is down less than 1 percent from the December forecast and down 8 percent from last year.

U.S. rice production in 2006 is estimated at 194 million cwt, down 13 percent from last year's crop but up less than 1 percent from the November forecast. Planted area, at 2.84 million acres, is down 16 percent from 2005. Area for harvest, at 2.82 million acres, is also down 16 percent from last year. The average yield for all U.S. rice is estimated at 6,868 pounds per acre, 232 pounds above the 2005 yield.

U.S. tobacco production in 2006 totaled 727 million pounds, down 1 percent from the October forecast but 13 percent above 2005. Growers harvested 338,950 acres in 2006, up 1 percent from the previous forecast and 14 percent above last year. Harvested acreage is down 17 percent from 2004, the year before the tobacco buyout eliminated tobacco quotas. Yield per acre averaged 2,144 pounds, a 50 pound decrease from the October forecast and 27 pounds below 2005.

Total 2006 U.S. potato production from all four seasons is estimated at 435 million cwt, 3 percent above the 2005 crop but 5 percent below 2004. Harvested area, at 1.12 million acres, is up 3 percent from last year but 4 percent lower than two years ago. The average yield, at 390 cwt per acre, is unchanged from last year but 1 cwt below 2004.

Production of all dry hay in the U.S. for 2006 is estimated at 142 million tons, down 4 percent from the October 1 forecast and down 6 percent from the 2005 total. Area harvested, at 60.8 million acres, is down 3 percent from the October forecast and down 1 percent from 2005. The average yield, at 2.33 tons per acre, is down 0.02 ton from October and down 0.12 ton from the previous year.

Winter Wheat Seedings for 2006

Fall seedings for the 2007 winter wheat crop in Missouri total 1.05 million acres, up 5 percent from the 2006 seeded acreage and 78 percent above the level of 2 years ago. Conditions for planting wheat in October and November were generally favorable across the State, with the exception of excess moisture in the Bootheel.

U.S. winter wheat seeded area for 2007 is expected to total 44.1 million acres, up 9 percent from 2006. Approximate class acreage breakdowns are: Hard Red Winter, 31.9 million; Soft Red Winter, 8.33 million; and White Winter, 3.91 million.

December 1, 2006 Grain Stocks

Soybeans in all storage positions in Missouri on December 1, 2006 totaled 151 million bushels, up 9 percent from a year earlier. Stocks on farms accounted for 97.0 million bushels, 11 percent more than on December 1, 2005, while off-farm beans totaled 54.0 million bushels, 5 percent more than a year ago.

Missouri corn stocks on December 1, 2006 totaled 247 million bushels, 5 percent below a year earlier. Of the total, 180 million bushels were on farms and 67.3 million bushels were in commercial facilities.

Wheat stocks in Missouri on December 1 totaled 29.7 million bushels, up 55 percent from a year earlier. The total was comprised of 3.10 million bushels on farms and 26.6 million bushels off-farm.

Sorghum stocks in Missouri on December 1, 2006 totaled 4.74 million bushels, 26 percent below a year earlier. Sorghum on farms accounted for 3.30 million bushels, while 1.44 million bushels were held off-farm.

Missouri rough rice stocks in all positions on December 1 totaled 8.80 million cwt, 14 percent more than a year earlier.

United States soybeans stored in all positions on December 1, 2006 totaled 2.70 billion bushels, up 8 percent from December 1, 2005. Soybean stocks stored on farms totaled 1.46 billion bushels, up 9 percent from a year ago. Off-farm stocks, at 1.24 billion bushels, are up 7 percent from last December. Indicated disappearance for September - November 2006 totaled 940 million bushels, up 15 percent from the same period a year earlier.

Corn stored in all positions in the U.S. on December 1, 2006 totaled 8.93 billion bushels, down 9 percent from December 1, 2005. Of the total stocks, 5.63 billion bushels are stored on farms, down 11 percent from a year earlier. Off-farm stocks, at 3.30 billion bushels, are down 5 percent from a year ago. The September - November 2006 indicated disappearance is 3.57 billion bushels, compared with 3.41 billion bushels during the same period last year.

U.S. all wheat stored in all positions on. December 1, 2006 totaled 1.31 billion bushels, down 8 percent from a year ago. On-farm stocks are estimated at 403 million bushels, down 21 percent from last December. Off-farm stocks, at 911 million bushels, are down 1 percent from a year ago. The September - November 2006 indicated disappearance is 436 million bushels, down 12 percent from the same period a year earlier.

Grain sorghum stored in all positions in the U.S. on December 1, 2006 totaled 207 million bushels, down 29 percent from a year ago. On-farm stocks, at 38.1 million bushels, are down 31 percent from December 1 last year. Off-farm stocks, at 169 million bushels, are down 28 percent from a year earlier. The September - November 2006 indicated disappearance from all positions is 137 million bushels, down 14 percent from the same period in 2005.

Rough rice stocks in all U.S. positions on December 1, 2006, totaled 150 million hundredweight (cwt), down 6 percent from the total on December 1, 2005. Stocks held on farms totaled 52.4 million cwt, and off-farm stocks totaled 97.7 million cwt.

Oats stored in all positions on December 1, 2006 totaled 96.2 million bushels, 1 percent above the stocks on December 1, 2005. Of the total stocks on hand, 53.0 million bushels are stored on farms, down 12 percent from a year ago. Off-farm stocks totaled 43.2 million bushels, up 21 percent from the previous year.