Skip To Page Content

February 2, 2007

Missouri Cattle Inventory Down One Percent

(Columbia, MO) - The January 1, 2007, all cattle and calf inventory in Missouri totaled 4.45 million head, down 50,000 head from the revised January 1, 2006 estimate. "Two consecutive years of extremely dry conditions in our major cattle producing areas have impacted our inventories,” said Gene Danekas, Director, Missouri Agricultural Statistics. “Along with hay and water shortages, the winter weather conditions are also putting stress on the industry.” Beef cow numbers decreased during 2006 and totaled 2.15 million head as of January 1, 2007. Compared to a year ago, beef cow numbers were down 60,000 head (2.7%) from the revised 2006 estimate, while milk cows have not changed at 114,000 head.

Other class estimates on January 1, 2007 and percent changes from 2006 were as follows: all heifers 500 pounds and over, no change at 670,000 head; milk replacement heifers 500 pounds and over, no change at 70,000 head; other heifers 500 pounds and over, up 4 percent to 270,000 head; steers 500 pounds and over, up 2 percent from the revised 2006 estimate at 460,000 head; bulls 500 pounds and over, down 8 percent from last year to 120,000 head; and calves under 500 pounds, up 1 percent from the 2006 revised number to 940,000 head.

The 2006 calf crop was estimated at 2.01 million head, down slightly from the revised 2005 calf crop of 2.06 million head.

Cattle on feed for slaughter market at 75,000 was up 7 percent from January 1, 2006.

U.S. January 1 Cattle Inventory Up Slightly

All cattle and calves in the United States as of January 1, 2007, totaled 97.0 million head, slightly above the 96.7 million on January 1, 2006.

All cows and heifers that have calved, at 42.0 million, were down slightly from the 42.1 million on January 1, 2006.

  • Beef cows, at 32.9 million, were down slightly from January 1, 2006.
  • Milk cows, at 9.13 million, were up 1 percent from January 1, 2006.

Other class estimates on January 1, 2007, and the change from January 1, 2006, are as follows:

  • All heifers 500 pounds and over, 20.1 million, up 1 percent.
  • Beef replacement heifers, 5.88 million, down slightly.
  • Milk replacement heifers, 4.31 million, up 1 percent.
  • Other heifers, 9.90 million, up 1 percent.
  • Steers weighing 500 pounds and over, 17.2 million, up 2 percent.
  • Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over, 2.22 million, down 2 percent.
  • Calves under 500 pounds, 15.5 million, down slightly.
  • Cattle and calves on feed for slaughter in all feedlots, 14.3 million, up 1 percent.
  • The combined total of calves under 500 pounds, and other heifers and steers over 500 pounds outside of feedlots was 28.3 million, up 1 percent.

The 2006 calf crop was estimated at 37.6 million head, down slightly from 2005. Calves born during the first half of the year are estimated at 27.4 million, up slightly from 2005.