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March 30, 2007

Missouri Hog and Pig Numbers Above Year Earlier

Columbia, MO - The March 1, 2007 inventory of Missouri hogs and pigs is estimated at 2.80 million head according to the USDA's Missouri Agricultural Statistics Service. This is up 4 percent from a year earlier and 2 percent above the December 1, 2006 estimate. "This confirms the turnaround in Missouri hog and pig numbers and continues the expansion begun last September", says Gene Danekas, Director. Breeding hogs are estimated at 360,000 head, up 4 percent from a year ago but unchanged from last quarter. Market hogs are estimated at 2.44 million head, 4 percent above a year earlier and up 2 percent from December 1, 2006.

The December 2006-February 2007 pig crop was estimated at 1.58 million head, up 7 percent from the same period a year earlier and 4 percent above the September-November 2006 quarter. Farrowings, at 175,000 sows, were up 10,000 head from a year ago and 5,000 head above last quarter. Pigs saved per litter, at 9.05 were up 1 percent from the 9.00 pigs saved a year earlier and the previous quarter.

Missouri hog producers intend to farrow 180,000 sows during March-May 2007, 10,000 head more than were actually farrowed during the same period a year earlier. During June-August 2007 hog producers expect to farrow 170,000 sows, unchanged from the actual farrowings in June-August of 2006.

U.S. Hog Inventory Up 1 Percent

U.S. inventory of all hogs and pigs on March 1, 2007 was 61.1 million head. This was up 1 percent from March 1, 2006, but down 2 percent from December 1, 2006. Breeding inventory, at 6.08 million head, was up 1 percent from last year, but down slightly from the previous quarter. Market hog inventory, at 55.0 million head, was up 1 percent from last year, but down 2 percent from last quarter.

The December 2006-February 2007 pig crop, at 26.1 million head, was up 2 percent from 2006 and up 3 percent from 2005. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 2.87 million head, up 1 percent from both 2006 and 2005. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 47 percent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was 9.08 for the December 2006-February 2007 period, compared to 9.03 last year. Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.60 for operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 9.20 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.

U.S. hog producers intend to have 2.91 million sows farrow during the March-May 2007 quarter, down slightly from the actual farrowings, but up 1 percent from 2005. Intended farrowings for June-August 2007, at 2.92 million sows, are virtually unchanged from both 2006 and 2005.

The total number of hogs under contract, owned by operations with over 5,000 head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 39 percent of the total U.S. hog inventory, unchanged from last year.