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May 11, 2007

Missouri Wheat Production Down from 2006 Due to April Freeze

Columbia, MO - "The Missouri winter wheat production is expected to be down sharply from last year mostly due to abnormally low temperatures in early April," said Gene Danekas, Director, Missouri Agricultural Statistics. "The decrease in production is primarily the result of five nights of freezing temperatures in the teens and 20's, following an early start to the wheat crop that was showing tremendous potential."

The State production of winter wheat is forecast at 31.5 million bushels, based on conditions as of May 1, 2007, down 36 percent from the 2006 crop but 8 percent above 2 years ago. Yields in the State are expected to average 42 bushels per acre, down 12 bushels from the 2006 yield. Harvested acres are forecast at 750,000, down 18 percent from the 2006 acreage level. The acreage loss is expected to be nearly 200,000 acres more than Missouri's normal abandonment.

Missouri Hay Stocks Down Sharply Following Dry Weather

May 1 hay stocks in Missouri at 625,000 tons, or 9 percent of production, are 28 percent below last year and 71 percent below 2005. Two consecutive summers of dry weather in the state's hay producing districts caused pasture shortages, forcing producers to begin feeding hay earlier than normal. Combined with heavy winter feeding due to snow and ice storms, stocks are at the lowest level since 1984, when the state had 328,000 tons on hand, or 6 percent of production.

U.S. Winter Wheat Production Up 24 Percent from 2006

Winter wheat production is forecast at 1.62 billion bushels, up 24 percent from 2006. Area harvested for grain totals 37.2 million acres, up 19 percent from last year. Based on May 1 conditions, the U.S. yield is forecast at 43.5 bushels per acre, up 1.8 bushels from the previous year. Hard Red production is up 51 percent from a year ago to 1.03 billion bushels. Soft Red is down 11 percent and totals 347 million bushels. White production totals 241 million bushels, up 7 percent from a year ago. Of the White production total, 18.6 million bushels are Hard White and 222 million bushels are Soft White.

Wheat yields in states adjacent to Missouri are: Arkansas 46; Illinois 55; Kansas 38; Kentucky 38; Nebraska 41; Oklahoma 35 and Tennessee 32.

Missouri Wheat Production and Yield
By District
Area Acres Planted Acres Harvested Yield Production
2006 20071/ 2006 20071/ 2006 20071/ 2006 20071/
  -thousands- -thousands- -bu/acre- -thousand bu.-
NW 47.6 67 45.8 54 60 42 2,740 2,270
NC 82.4 90 79.8 84 62 40 4,930 3,375
NE 118.8 108 114.5 102 66 50 7,520 5,112
WC 139.9 136 131.0 113 46 38 5,960 4,301
C 121.4 148 106.7 102 50 45 5,380 4,598
EC 70.8 57 64.0 42 50 48 3,210 2,023
SW 131.3 119 108.0 84 30 38 3,260 3,198
SC 11.2 8 7.5 2 49 34 367 68
SE 276.6 317 252.7 167 62 39 15,773 6,555
State 1,000.0 1,050 910.0 750 54 42 49,140 31,500
1/ May 1 Forecast