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June 29, 2007

Missouri Hog and Pig Numbers Up Sharply From A Year Earlier

Columbia, MO - The June 1, 2007 inventory of Missouri hogs and pigs is estimated at 3.00 million head according to the USDA's Missouri Agricultural Statistics Service. This is up 11 percent from a year earlier and 5 percent above the March 1, 2007 estimate. According to Gene Danekas, Director, "The rate of increase from last quarter is a dramatic boost to the expansion that began a year ago." Breeding hogs are estimated at 370,000 head, up 6 percent from a year ago and up 3 percent from last quarter. Market hogs are estimated at 2.63 million head, up 12 percent from a year earlier and 6 percent above March 1, 2007.

The March-May 2007 pig crop was estimated at 1.73 million head, 12 percent above the same period a year earlier and 6 percent above the previous quarter. Farrowings, at 190,000 sows, were 20,000 head above a year ago and 10,000 head above last quarter. Pigs saved per litter, at 9.10, were unchanged from a year earlier but increased slightly from the 9.05 pigs saved the previous quarter.

Missouri hog producers intend to farrow 180,000 sows during June-August 2007, 6 percent more than the number actually farrowed during the same period a year earlier. During September-November 2007 hog producers also expect to farrow 180,000 sows, 3 percent above actual farrowings in September-November of 2006.

United States Hog Inventory Up 2 Percent

U.S. inventory of all hogs and pigs on June 1, 2007 was 62.8 million head. This was up 2 percent from both June 1, 2006 and March 1, 2007. Breeding inventory, at 6.12 million head, was up 1 percent from last year, and 2 percent from the previous quarter. Market hog inventory, at 56.6 million head, was up 2 percent from both last year and last quarter.

The March-May 2007 pig crop, at 27.1 million head, was up 2 percent from 2006 and up 4 percent from 2005. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 2.97 million head, up 1 percent from 2006 and up 3 percent 2005. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 49 percent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was 9.15 for the March-May 2007 period, compared to 9.08 last year. Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.60 for operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 9.20 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.

U.S. hog producers intend to have 2.96 million sows farrow during the June-August 2007 quarter, up 2 percent from the actual farrowings, and up 1 percent from 2005. Intended farrowings for September-November 2007, at 2.96 million sows, are up slightly from 2006 and up 2 percent from 2005.

The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with over 5,000 head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 39 percent of the total U.S. hog inventory, up from 38 percent last year.

Ethanol Co-Products Used For Livestock Feed

A report, entitled Ethanol Co-Products Used for Livestock Feed, will highlight results of a survey conducted by NASS with the support of the Nebraska Corn Board. NASS contacted approximately 9,400 livestock operations in 12 states to determine whether they used ethanol co-products—including distillers grains and corn gluten feed—in their feed rations in 2006. NASS collected information regarding the volume and type of co-products fed, how the co-products were procured and used, and what concerns and barriers may have prevented operations from feeding co-products.

The study included North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Wisconsin, Michigan, Indiana, Ohio, and Illinois with a reference data of calendar year 2006. The NASS is publishing the results at the region level, combining all states surveyed for each of the four livestock species. Most of the estimates are proportions or percentages which allow for statistical comparisons among operations not feeding distillers grains.

This report is available at: www.nass.usda.gov