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August 10, 2007

Missouri Corn Crop Second Highest On Record

Columbia, MO - “Near normal yields for most Missouri crops are expected this year” said Gene Danekas, Director, Missouri Agricultural Statistics. “The crops have experienced freezing, flooding, and hot weather which has caused much concern so far during the growing season, yet the overall results are encouraging.”

Missouri soybean production is forecast at 165 million bushels based on August 1, 2007 condition, down 15 percent from last year and 26 percent less than the record high production of 2004. If realized, the forecast yield of 37 bushels per acre would be 1 bushel per acre below last year’s yield and the same as 2005. Harvested acres, at 4.45 million, are down 13 percent from last year and the smallest acreage since 1996.

Corn production in Missouri is forecast at 463 million bushels, 28 percent above last year’s crop but 1 percent below the record 2004 crop and the second largest crop on record. The expected yield of 137 bushels per acre is 1 bushel below the 2006 yield and 25 bushels below the record yield set in 2004. Farmers are expecting to harvest 3.38 million acres of the 3.50 million planted acres, 29 percent more than last year and the largest acreage since 1960.

Winter wheat production in Missouri is estimated at 35.7 million bushels, unchanged from the July 1 forecast. The estimated yield of 42 bushels per acre and harvested acres, at 850,000 acres, are also held unchanged.

Grain sorghum production in Missouri is forecast at 9.31 million bushels, up 15 percent from the 2006 production. The expected yield of 98 bushels per acre would be 13 bushels above last year and, while 10 bushels below the 2004 record, the second highest yield on record. Of the 100,000 planted acres, 95,000 acres are expected to be harvested for grain.

All hay production in the State is forecast at 7.04 million tons, 1 percent more than in 2006. A yield of 1.68 tons is forecast, unchanged from 1.68 tons for the last 2 years. Alfalfa hay production is forecast at 960,000 tons from 400,000 acres, with a yield of 2.40 tons per acre. Other hay production is forecast at 6.08 million tons from 3.80 million acres, with a yield of 1.60 tons.

Missouri tobacco production is forecast at 3.57 million pounds, up 6 percent from the 2006 crop. The projected yield of 2,100 pounds would be 150 pounds below last year, while harvested acres, at 1,700 acres, are up 13 percent. Apple production in Missouri is forecast at 5 million pounds, 91 percent below last year’s production of 53 million pounds. Grape production is forecast at 2,800 tons, 33 percent below the 4,170 tons produced in 2005.

United States Corn Crop Highest On Record

Corn production in the U. S. is forecast at 13.1 billion bushels, up 24 percent from last year and 17 percent above 2005. Based on conditions as of August 1, yields are expected to average 152.8 bushels per acre, up 3.7 bushels from last year. If realized, this will be the second highest yield on record, behind the 160.4 bushel yield in 2004. However, production will be the largest on record as growers intend to harvest the most corn acres for grain since 1933.

U. S. Soybean production is forecast at 2.63 billion bushels, down 18 percent from last year's record high and down 14 percent from 2005. Based on August 1 conditions, yields are expected to average 41.5 bushels per acre, down 1.2 bushels from last year. Area for harvest, at 63.3 million acres, remains unchanged from June but is down 15 percent from 2006.

All cotton production in the U. S. is forecast at 17.3 million 480-pound bales, down 20 percent from last year's 21.6 million bales. Yield is expected to average 783 pounds per harvested acre, down 31 pounds from 2006. Producers expect to harvest 10.6 million acres of all cotton and 10.3 million acres of upland cotton, down 16 percent and 17 percent, respectively. Upland cotton production is forecast at 16.5 million 480-pound bales, 21 percent below 2006.

U. S. winter wheat production is forecast at 1.54 billion bushels. This is down 2 percent from last month but 18 percent above 2006. Yield is forecast at 41.3 bushels per acre, down 0.3 bushel from last month and down 0.4 bushel from last year. The area expected to be harvested for grain totals 37.2 million acres, down 1 percent from last month but up 20 percent from last year.

Missouri Soybean Production and Yield
By District
Area Acres Planted Acres Harvested Yield Production
2006 20071/ 2006 20071/ 2006 20071/ 2006 20071/
  -thousands- -thousands- -bu/acre- -thousand bu.-
NW 983.3 855 976.5 850 42.0 37 40,980 31,500
NC 729.9 660 726.6 655 41.1 34 29,898 22,500
NE 839.9 700 835.1 695 40.5 39 33,790 27,000
WC 567.9 490 561.1 480 29.5 34 16,558 16,500
C 539.8 470 531.3 460 33.9 41 18,002 19,000
EC 352.8 300 350.7 295 38.3 37 13,431 11,000
SW 158.8 155 156.6 150 20.2 33 3,167 5,000
SC 39.7 40 39.2 40 31.2 36 1,222 1,450
SE 937.9 830 932.9 825 39.8 37 37,132 30,700
STATE 5,150.0 4,500 5,110.0 4,450 38.0 37.0 194,180 164,650
1/ August 1 Forecast
Missouri Corn Production and Yield
By District
Area Acres Planted Acres Harvested Yield Production
2006 20071/ 2006 20071/ 2006 20071/ 2006 20071/
  -thousands- -thousands- -bu/acre- -thousand bu.-
NW 688.9 860 679.8 845 141.4 135 96,139 114,480
NC 299.8 365 290.4 350 147.1 125 42,712 43,620
NE 468.9 580 455.4 560 137.1 125 62,454 69,800
WC 277.9 345 271.8 330 117.2 130 31,859 42,920
C 330.5 400 315.8 375 127.0 146 40,120 54,870
EC 201.0 230 196.8 220 130.5 125 25,674 27,420
SW 89.5 105 82.3 95 124.4 130 10,237 12,360
SC 17.2 25 14.5 20 127.4 125 1,847 2,490
SE 326.3 590 323.2 585 160.6 163 51,898 95,100
STATE 2,700.0 3,500 2,630.0 3,380 138.0 137 362,940 463,060
1/ August 1 Forecast
Missouri Wheat Production and Yield
By District
Area Acres Planted Acres Harvested Yield Production
2006 20071/ 2006 20071/ 2006 20071/ 2006 20071/
  -thousands- -thousands- -bu/acre- -thousand bu.-
NW 47.6 67 45.8 55 59.8 41 2,740 2,260
NC 82.4 90 79.8 86 61.8 45 4,930 3,870
NE 118.8 108 114.5 106 65.7 56 7,520 5,950
WC 139.9 136 131.0 112 45.5 33 5,960 3,750
C 121.4 148 106.7 118 50.4 45 5,380 5,310
EC 70.8 57 64.0 48 50.2 46 3,210 2,210
SW 131.3 119 108.0 95 30.2 26 3,260 2,470
SC 11.2 8 7.5 5 48.9 38 367 190
SE 276.6 317 252.7 225 62.4 43 15,773 9,690
STATE 1,000.0 1,050 910.0 850 54.0 42 49,140 35,700
1/ August 1 Forecast