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January 11, 2008

Missouri Corn Production Up Sharply, Soybeans and Cotton Down

Columbia, MO - “Missouri producers faced freezing temperatures, flooded fields and drought but had a better than expected crop season” said Gene Danekas, Director, Missouri Agricultural Statistics. “Production of corn and soybeans were affected most dramatically by the large shift in acreage.”

Missouri soybean production totaled 168 million bushels in 2007, down 13 percent from the 2006 crop. Farmers in Missouri harvested 4.55 million of the 4.60 million acres planted in the state, down 11 percent from last year. Missouri yields averaged 37 bushels per acre, down 1 bushel from last year and down 8 bushels from the record set in 2004.

Corn production in Missouri during 2007 totaled 462 million bushels, 27 percent above a year earlier. Yields for the State averaged 142 bushels per acre, up 4 bushels from the 2006 yield but still 20 bushels below the record 2004 yield. Corn for grain was produced from 3.25 million acres out of 3.45 million planted acres, while 90,000 acres were cut for silage, producing 1.26 million tons. Grain harvested acreage was 24 percent above last year while silage acreage increased 50 percent. Early and late flooding this year led to abandonment of 110,000 acres compared with 10,000 acres a year earlier and 20,000 acres in 2005 and 2004.

Missouri grain sorghum production totaled 10.1 million bushels, up 25 percent from 2006. Planted acreage, at 110,000, was up 10,000 acres from 2006. Sorghum for grain was harvested on 105,000 acres. Average yield for the State was 96 bushels per acre, up 11 bushels from 2006 but 12 bushels below the record yield in 2004.

Missouri cotton production is estimated at 770,000 bales, 22 percent below the record high of 2006. The State yield is estimated at 975 pounds, 22 pounds higher than last year and the second highest yield on record, below only 1,054 pounds in 2004. Planted acreage of 380,000 acres is 24 percent below last year. Farmers harvested 379,000 acres, also 24 percent below a year earlier.

Rice production in Missouri during 2007 totaled 12.3 million cwt, 10 percent below last year’s crop and 13 percent below the record production in 2005. Yield is estimated at 6,900 pounds per acre, 500 pounds above the 2006 level. This is a record yield, 100 pounds above the previous record of 6,800 pounds set in 2004. Farmers harvested 178,000 of the 180,000 planted acres.

Tobacco production for 2007 totaled 3.52 million pounds, up 4 percent from last year. The State yield of 2,200 pounds is 50 pounds less than a year earlier. Missouri farmers harvested 1,600 acres of tobacco, 7 percent more than the previous year.

Commercial potato production in Missouri for 2007 totaled 1.98 million cwt, 17 percent below the 2006 production. The 6,600 acres harvested produced a yield of 300 cwt, down 15 cwt from last year and 40 pounds below the record yield set in 2004. There were 6,800 acres planted, 13 percent below a year earlier.

Hay production in Missouri totaled 7.53 million tons, 8 percent above the 2006 production. Missouri hay yields averaged 1.86 tons per acre, compared with 1.68 tons per acres a year earlier. Harvested area of all hay, at 4.05 million acres, decreased 2 percent from 2006.

United States Crop Production

U. S. soybean production in 2007 totals 2.59 billion bushels, down slightly from the November forecast and 19 percent below the record high production of 2006. The average yield per acre is estimated at 41.2 bushels, 0.1 bushel below the November forecast and 1.5 bushels below last year's yield. Harvested area is down 16 percent from 2006, to 62.8 million acres.

Corn for grain in the United States production in 2007 is estimated at 13.1 billion bushels, down 1 percent from the November forecast but 24 percent above 2006. The average U.S. grain yield is estimated at 151.1 bushels per acre, down 1.9 bushels from the November forecast but 2.0 bushels above 2006. The 2007 yield estimate is the second highest on record, behind 2004, while production is the largest on record as producers harvested the most corn acres for grain since 1933.

U. S. sorghum grain production in 2007 is estimated at 505 million bushels, down 2 percent from the November forecast but 82 percent above 2006. Planted area is estimated at 7.72 million acres, up 18 percent from last year, and area harvested for grain, at 6.81 million acres, is up 38 percent from 2006. Average grain yield, at 74.2 bushels per acre, is down 2.6 bushels from the previous forecast but up 18 bushels from last year.

All U. S. cotton production is estimated at 19.0 million 480-pound bales, up slightly from last month but down 12 percent from 2006. The U.S. yield is estimated at a record high 871 pounds per acre, up 57 pounds from last year and up 7 pounds from the December forecast. The yield surpasses the previous record set in 2004. Harvested area, at 10.5 million acres, is down less than 1 percent from December and down 18 percent from last year.

Rice production in the U. S. for 2007 is estimated at 197 million cwt, down less than 1 percent from the November forecast but up 2 percent from last year's crop. Planted area, at 2.76 million acres, is down 3 percent from 2006. Area for harvest, at 2.75 million acres, is also down 3 percent from last year. The average yield for all U.S. rice is estimated at a record high 7,185 pounds per acre, down 62 pounds from November but 317 pounds above the 2006 yield.

Winter Wheat Seedings for 2008

Fall seedings for the 2008 winter wheat crop in Missouri totaled 1.20 million acres, up 14 percent from the 2007 seeded acreage and 20 percent above the level of 2 years ago.

Winter wheat seeded area in the U. S. for 2008 is expected to total 46.6 million acres, up 4 percent from 2007. Approximate class acreage breakdowns are: Hard Red Winter, 32.5 million; Soft Red Winter, 10.5 million; and White Winter, 3.65 million.

December 1, 2007 Grain Stocks

Soybeans in all storage positions in Missouri on December 1, 2007 totaled 128 million bushels, down 15 percent from a year earlier. Stocks on farms accounted for 79.0 million bushels, 19 percent less than on December 1, 2006, while off-farm beans totaled 49.0 million bushels, 9 percent less than a year ago.

Missouri corn stocks on December 1, 2007 totaled 303 million bushels, 23 percent above a year earlier and the largest amount ever in storage on December 1. Of the total, 225 million bushels were on farms, also a record amount for December 1, and 78.4 million bushels were in commercial facilities.

Wheat stocks in Missouri on December 1, 2007 totaled 21.9 million bushels, 26 percent below a year earlier. The total was comprised of 990,000 bushels on farms, 32 percent of a year earlier, and 20.9 million bushels off-farm.

Sorghum stocks in Missouri on December 1, 2007 totaled 6.14 million bushels, 29 percent above a year earlier. Sorghum on farms accounted for 4.20 million bushels, 27 percent above last year, while 1.94 million bushels were held off-farm, 34 percent more than on hand December 1, 2006.

Missouri rough rice stocks in all positions on December 1 totaled 6.07 million cwt, 31 percent less than a year earlier.

Soybeans stored in all positions in the U. S. on December 1, 2007 totaled 2.33 billion bushels, down 14 percent from December 1, 2006. Soybean stocks stored on farms totaled 1.10 billion bushels, down 25 percent from a year ago. Off-farm stocks, at 1.23 billion bushels, are down 1 percent from last December. Indicated disappearance for September - November 2007 totaled 830 million bushels, down 11 percent from the same period a year earlier.

Corn stored in all positions in the U. S. on December 1, 2007 totaled 10.3 billion bushels, up 15 percent from December 1, 2006. Of the total stocks, 6.53 billion bushels are stored on farms, up 16 percent from a year earlier. Off-farm stocks, at 3.74 billion bushels, are up 13 percent from a year ago. The September - November 2007 indicated disappearance is 4.11 billion bushels, compared with 3.57 billion bushels during the same period last year.

All wheat stored in all positions in the U. S. on December 1, 2007 totaled 1.13 billion bushels, down 14 percent from a year ago. On-farm stocks are estimated at 290 million bushels, down 28 percent from last December. Off-farm stocks, at 838 million bushels, are down 8 percent from a year ago. The September - November 2007 indicated disappearance is 589 million bushels, up 35 percent from the same period a year earlier.

Grain sorghum stored in all positions in the U. S. on December 1, 2007 totaled 290 million bushels, up 37 percent from a year ago. On-farm stocks, at 51.4 million bushels, are up 35 percent from December 1 last year. Off-farm stocks, at 238 million bushels, are up 37 percent from a year earlier. The September - November 2007 indicated disappearance from all positions is 247 million bushels, up 89 percent from the same period in 2006.

Rough rice stocks in all positions in the U. S. on December 1, 2007, totaled 151 million hundredweight (cwt), up 1 percent from the total on December 1, 2006. Stocks held on farms totaled 48.3 million cwt, and off-farm stocks totaled 103 million cwt. Long grain varieties accounted for 68 percent of the total rough rice, medium grain accounted for 29 percent, and short grain varieties accounted for 3 percent. Milled rice stocks in all positions in the U. S. totaled 5.27 million cwt, up 32 percent from a year ago. Milled rice stocks were comprised of 3.69 million cwt of whole kernel rice and 1.58 million cwt of second heads, screenings, and brewers rice.