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February 1, 2008

Missouri Cattle Inventory Down 3 Percent

Columbia, MO - The January 1, 2008, all cattle and calf inventory in Missouri totaled 4.30 million head, down 150,000 head from the January 1, 2007 estimate. "Another year of extremely dry conditions coupled with escalating feed and fuel costs are encouraging producers to scale back slightly to allow cattle prices to recover,” said Gene Danekas, Director, Missouri Agricultural Statistics. “The margins in the industry are continuing to tighten.” Beef cow numbers decreased during 2007 and totaled 2.08 million head as of January 1, 2008. Compared to a year ago, beef cow numbers were down 66,000 head (3.1%) from the 2007 estimate. Milk cows decreased 4,000 head from last year to 110,000 head.

Other class estimates on January 1, 2008 and percent changes from 2007 were as follows: all beef replacement heifers 500 pounds and over, down 9 percent to 300,000 head; milk replacement heifers 500 pounds and over, down 14 percent to 60,000 head; other heifers 500 pounds and over, down 4 percent to 260,000 head; steers 500 pounds and over, down 2 percent to 450,000 head; bulls 500 pounds and over, down 8 percent from last year to 110,000 head; and calves under 500 pounds, down 1 percent to 930,000 head.

The 2007 calf crop was estimated at 2.03 million head, up slightly from the revised 2006 calf crop of 2.00 million head.

Cattle on feed for slaughter market at 65,000 was down 13 percent from January 1, 2007.

United States July 1 Cattle Inventory Down Slightly

All cattle and calves in the United States as of July 1, 2007, totaled 104.8 million head, slightly below the 105.2 million on July 1, 2006 but 1 percent above the 104.2 million two years ago.

All cows and heifers that have calved, at 42.5 million, were down slightly from the 42.6 million on July 1, 2006 but unchanged from two years ago.

  • Beef cows, at 33.4 million, were down slightly from July 1, 2006 and July 1, 2005.
  • Milk cows, at 9.15 million, were unchanged from July 1, 2006 but up 1 percent from two years ago.

Other class estimates on July 1, 2007 and the changes from July 1, 2006, are as follows:

  • All heifers 500 pounds and over, 16.6 million, unchanged.
  • Beef replacement heifers, 4.7 million, down 6 percent.
  • Milk replacement heifers, 3.9 million, up 3 percent.
  • Other heifers, 8.0 million, up 3 percent.
  • Steers weighing 500 pounds and over, 14.9 million, down 1 percent.
  • Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over, 2.1 million, unchanged.
  • Calves under 500 pounds, 28.7 million, down 1 percent.
  • All cattle and calves on feed for slaughter, 12.3 million, down 2 percent.