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Missouri Hog and Pig Numbers Show 7 Percent Increase From a Year Ago

(COLUMBIA, Mo.) - The March 1, 2008 inventory of Missouri hogs and pigs is estimated at 3.05 million head according to the USDA’s Missouri Agricultural Statistics Service. This is up 7 percent from a year earlier but 2 percent below the December 1, 2007 estimate. “The continued high cost of inputs such as feed and fuel has taken a toll on Missouri pork producers,” says Gene Danekas, Director. Breeding hogs are estimated at 380,000 head, up 4 percent from a year ago and 1 percent above last quarter. Market hogs are estimated at 2.67 million head, 7 percent above a year earlier but down 2 percent from December 1, 2007.

The December 2007-February 2008 pig crop was estimated at 1.74 million head, up 7 percent from the same period a year earlier but 2 percent below the September-November 2007 quarter. Farrowings, at 190,000 sows, were up 10,000 head from a year ago but unchanged from last quarter. Pigs saved per litter, at 9.15 pigs, rose 1 percent from the 9.05 pigs saved a year earlier but was down 2 percent from 9.30 pigs saved the previous quarter.

Missouri hog producers intend to farrow 185,000 sows during March-May 2008, 10,000 head less than were actually farrowed during the same period a year earlier. During June-August 2008 hog producers expect to farrow 180,000 sows, 15,000 head below the actual farrowings in June-August of 2007.

U.S. Hog Inventory Up 7 Percent

U.S. inventory of all hogs and pigs on March 1, 2008 was 65.9 million head. This was up 7 percent from March 1, 2007, but down 2 percent from December 1, 2007. Breeding inventory, at 6.14 million head, was up less than 1 percent from last year, but down slightly from the previous quarter. Market hog inventory, at 59.8 million head, was up 7 percent from last year, but down 2 percent from last quarter.

The December 2007-February 2008 pig crop, at 28.1 million head, was up 6 percent from 2007 and up 9 percent from 2006. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 3.05 million head, up 5 percent from 2007 and up 7 percent from 2006. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 50 percent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was 9.21 for the December 2007-February 2008 period, compared to 9.09 last year. Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.50 for operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 9.30 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.

U.S. hog producers intend to have 3.05 million sows farrow during the March-May 2008 quarter, up slightly from the actual farrowings during the same period in 2007, and up 4 percent from 2006. Intended farrowings for June-August 2008, at 3.04 million sows, are down 2 percent from 2007 but up 4 percent from 2006. The total number of hogs under contract, owned by operations with over 5,000 head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 40 percent of the total U.S. hog inventory, up from 39 percent last year.