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June 27, 2008

Missouri Hog and Pig Numbers Show 3 Percent
Increase From a Year Ago

COLUMBIA, MO - The June 1, 2008 inventory of Missouri hogs and pigs is estimated at 3.15 million head according to the USDA’s Missouri Agricultural Statistics Service. This is up 3 percent from a year earlier and 2 percent above the March 1, 2008 estimate. “Despite high cost of inputs such as feed and fuel, Missouri pork producers continue to increase hog numbers, due in part to improved litter rates, ” says Gene Danekas, Director. Breeding hogs are estimated at 375,000 head, unchanged from a year ago but 1 percent below last quarter. Market hogs are estimated at 2.78 million head, 4 percent above a year earlier and up 2 percent from March 1, 2008.

The March -May 2008 pig crop was estimated at 1.83 million head, up 3 percent from the same period a year earlier and 5 percent above the December 2007 - February 2008 quarter. Farrowings, at 195,000 sows, were unchanged from a year ago but up 5,000 head from last quarter. Pigs saved per litter, at 9.4 pigs, rose 3 percent from the 9.15 pigs saved a year earlier and was up 2 percent from the 9.20 pigs saved the previous quarter. This is the largest litter rate on record for Missouri.

Missouri hog producers intend to farrow 190,000 sows during June-August 2008, 5,000 head less than were actually farrowed during the same period a year earlier. During September-November 2008 hog producers expect to farrow 185,000 sows, 10,000 head less than the actual farrowings in September-November of 2007.

U.S. Hog Inventory Up 6 Percent

U.S. inventory of all hogs and pigs on June 1, 2008 was 67.7 million head. This was up 6 percent from June 1, 2007, and up 1 percent from March 1, 2008. Breeding inventory, at 6.07 million head, was down 1 percent from last year, and down 1 percent from the previous quarter. Market hog inventory, at 61.6 million head, was up 7 percent from last year, and up 1 percent from last quarter.

The March-May 2008 pig crop, at 29.0 million head, was up 4 percent from 2007 and up 9 percent from 2006. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 3.09 million head, up 2 percent from 2007 and up 6 percent from 2006. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 51 percent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was 9.38 for the March-May 2008 period, compared to 9.20 last year. Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.70 to 9.40.

U.S. hog producers intend to have 3.07 million sows farrow during the June-August 2008 quarter, down 2 percent from the actual farrowings during the same period in 2007, but up 5 percent from 2006. Intended farrowings for September-November 2008, at 3.05 million sows, are down 4 percent from 2007 but up 3 percent from 2006.

The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with over 5,000 head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 41 percent of the total U.S. hog inventory, up from 39 percent last year.