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December 30, 2008

Missouri Hog and Pig Numbers Decrease 2 Percent

COLUMBIA, Mo- The December 1, 2008 inventory of Missouri hogs and pigs is estimated at 3.10 million head according to the USDA’s Missouri Agricultural Statistics Service. “This is down 2 percent from a year earlier and the September 1, 2008 estimate,” says Gene Danekas, Director. Breeding hogs are estimated at 370,000 head, 1 percent below a year ago and last quarter. Market hogs are estimated at 2.73 million head, 2 percent below a year earlier, and September 1, 2008.

The September-November 2008 pig crop was estimated at 1.93 million head, up 6 percent from the same period a year earlier and 2 percent above the June-August 2008 quarter. This is the largest September-November pig crop since 1979. Farrowings, at 200,000 sows, were up 5,000 sows from a year ago and the previous quarter. Pigs saved per litter, at 9.65 pigs, rose 4 percent from the 9.30 pigs saved a year earlier but fell slightly from the 9.70 pigs saved the previous quarter.

Missouri hog producers intend to farrow 190,000 sows during December 2008-February 2009, the same as the number that were actually farrowed during the same period a year earlier. During March-May 2009, hog producers expect to farrow 195,000 sows, 5,000 head more than the actual farrowings in the comparable period a year earlier.

U.S. Hog Inventory Down 2 Percent

U.S. inventory of all hogs and pigs on December 1, 2008 was 66.7 million head. This was down 2 percent from both December 1, 2007 and September 1, 2008. Breeding inventory, at 6.08 million head, was down 2 percent from last year but up slightly from the previous quarter. Market hog inventory, at 60.6 million head, was down 2 percent from both last year and last quarter.

The September-November 2008 pig crop, at 28.4 million head, was down 4 percent from 2007 but up 6 percent from 2006. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 2.99 million head, down 6 percent from 2007 but up 1 percent from 2006. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 49 percent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was 9.50 for the September-November 2008 period, compared to 9.28 last year. Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.50 for operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 9.60 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.

U.S. hog producers intend to have 2.97 million sows farrow during the December 2008-February 2009 quarter, down 3 percent from the actual farrowings during the same period in 2008 but up 2 percent from 2007. Intended farrowings for March-May 2009, at 3.01 million sows, are down 2 percent from 2008 and down 1 percent from 2007.

The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with over 5,000 head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 43 percent of the total U.S. hog inventory, up from 39 percent last year.

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