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January 12, 2009

Missouri Soybeans and Hay Production Increase, Corn Declines

Columbia, MO - “Despite the trials of the growing season most crops enjoyed better than normal yields” said Gene Danekas, Director, Missouri Agricultural Statistics.

Missouri soybean production totaled 191 million bushels in 2008, up 9 percent from the 2007 crop. Farmers in Missouri harvested 5.03 million of the 5.20 million acres planted in the state, up 8 percent from last year. Missouri yields averaged 38 bushels per acre, up half a bushel from last year but 7 bushels per acre below the record set in 2004.

Corn grain production in Missouri during 2008 totaled 382 million bushels, 17 percent below a year earlier. Yields for the State averaged 144 bushels per acre, up 2 bushels from the 2007 yield but 18 bushels below the record 2004 yield. Corn for grain was produced from 2.65 million acres out of 2.80 million planted acres, while 50,000 acres were cut for silage, producing 700,000 tons. Grain harvested acreage was 18 percent below last year while silage acreage decreased 44 percent.

Missouri grain sorghum production totaled 7.76 million bushels, down 23 percent from 2007. Planted acreage, at 90,000 acres, was down 20,000 acres from 2007. Sorghum for grain was harvested on 80,000 acres. Average yield for the State was 97 bushels per acre, 1 bushel above 2007 but 11 bushels below the record yield in 2004. Silage was cut on 4,000 acres with a yield of 9 tons per acre. A year earlier 3,000 acres were harvested for silage averaging 12 tons per acre.

Missouri cotton production is estimated at 670,000 bales, 12 percent below 2007. The State yield is estimated at 1,061 pounds per acre, 93 pounds higher than last year and the highest yield on record, 7 pounds per acre above the 1,054 pounds per acre picked in 2004. Planted acreage of 306,000 acres was 19 percent below last year. Farmers harvested 303,000 acres, 20 percent below a year earlier.

Rice production in Missouri during 2008 totaled 13.2 million cwt, 7 percent above last year's crop but 7 percent below the record production in 2005. Yield is estimated at 6,620 pounds per acre, 280 pounds below the record 2007 level. Farmers harvested 199,000 of the 200,000 planted acres.

Tobacco production for 2008 totaled 3.36 million pounds, down 10 percent from last year. The State yield of 2,240 pounds is 90 pounds less than a year earlier. Missouri farmers harvested 1,500 acres of tobacco, 6 percent less than the previous year.

Commercial potato production in Missouri for 2008 totaled 1.24 million cwt, 38 percent below the 2007 production. The 6,500 acres harvested produced a yield of 190 cwt, down 110 cwt. from last year. There were 7,200 acres planted, 6 percent more than a year earlier.

Hay production in Missouri totaled 8.92 million tons, 18 percent above the 2007 production. Missouri hay yields averaged 2.11 tons per acre, compared with 1.86 tons per acre a year earlier. Harvested area of all hay, at 4.23 million acres, increased 4 percent from 2007.

U. S. Soybean Production Up 1 Percent, Corn Down 7 Percent

U.S. soybean production in 2008 totaled 2.96 billion bushels, up 1 percent from the November forecast and up 11 percent from 2007. U.S. production is the fourth largest on record. The average yield per acre is estimated at 39.6 bushels, 0.3 bushel above the November forecast but 2.1 bushels below last year's yield. Harvested area is up 16 percent from 2007, to a record 74.6 million acres.

Corn for grain production in the U. S. in 2008 is estimated at 12.1 billion bushels, up 1 percent from the November forecast but 7 percent below last year's record high. The average U.S. grain yield is estimated at 153.9 bushels per acre, up 0.1 bushel from the November forecast and 3.2 bushels above 2007. The 2008 yield is the second highest on record, behind 2004, and production is second largest, behind last year.

U. S. sorghum grain production in 2008 is estimated at 472 million bushels, up 2 percent from the November forecast but 5 percent below 2007. Planted area is estimated at 8.28 million acres, up 7 percent from last year, and area harvested for grain, at 7.27 million acres, is up 7 percent from 2007. Average grain yield, at 65.0 bushels per acre, is up 2.0 bushels from the previous forecast but down 8.2 bushels from last year.

All cotton production in the U. S. is estimated at 13.0 million 480-pound bales, down 4 percent from last month and down 32 percent from 2007. The U.S. yield is estimated at 810 pounds per acre, down 33 pounds from the December forecast and down 69 pounds from last year's record high. Harvested area, at 7.73 million acres, is down less than 1 percent from December and down 26 percent from last year.

Rice production in the U. S. in 2008 is estimated at 204 million cwt, up slightly from the previous forecast and up 3 percent from 2007. Planted area is estimated at 3.00 million acres, up 8 percent from 2007. Area for harvest, at 2.98 million acres, is up 2 percent from the previous forecast and up 8 percent from the previous crop year. The average yield for all U.S. rice is estimated at 6,846 pounds per acre, down 113 pounds from the previous forecast and 373 pounds below the 2007 record yield of 7,219 pounds per acre.

Production of dry hay for 2008 in the U. S. is estimated at 146 million tons, down 3 percent from the October 1 forecast and down 1 percent from the 2007 total. Area harvested, at 60.1 million acres, is down 1 percent from the October forecast and down 2 percent from 2007. The average yield, at 2.43 tons per acre, is down 0.06 ton from October but up 0.02 ton from the previous year.

Winter Wheat Seedings for 2009

Fall seedings for the 2009 winter wheat crop in Missouri totaled 800,000 acres, down 36 percent from the 2008 seeded acreage and 24 percent below the level of 2 years ago

Winter wheat seeded area in the United States for 2009 is expected to total 42.1 million acres, down 9 percent from 2008. Approximate class acreage breakdowns are: Hard Red Winter, 30.2 million; Soft Red Winter, 8.29 million; and White Winter, 3.62 million.

Missouri December 1, 2007 Grain Stocks

Soybeans in all storage positions in Missouri on December 1, 2008 totaled 128 million bushels, virtually unchanged from a year earlier. Stocks on farms accounted for 82.0 million bushels, 3 percent more than on December 1, 2007, while off-farm soybeans totaled 46.4 million bushels, 5 percent less than a year ago.

Missouri corn stocks on December 1, 2008 totaled 292 million bushels, 4 percent below the 304 million bushels in storage on a year earlier. December 1, 2007 was the largest amount ever in storage on December 1. Of the total, 215 million bushels were on farms, and 77.2 million bushels were in commercial facilities.

Wheat stocks in Missouri on December 1, 2008 totaled 33.8 million bushels, 54 percent above a year earlier. There were 7.30 million bushels stored on farms compared with 990,000 bushels on hand a year earlier. This is the largest amount stored on farms since 1990. Off farm stocks accounted for 26.5 million bushels compared with 20.9 million bushels a year ago.

Sorghum stocks in Missouri on December 1, 2008 totaled 5.95 million bushels, 3 percent below a year earlier. Sorghum on farms accounted for 4.60 million bushels, 10 percent above last year, while 1.35 million bushels were held off-farm, 31 percent less than on hand December 1, 2007.

Missouri rough rice stocks in all positions on December 1 totaled 6.46 million cwt, 6 percent more than a year earlier.

U. S. Corn Stocks Down 2 Percent From Year Ago, Soybean Stocks Down 4 Percent

U. S. soybeans stored in all positions on December 1, 2008 totaled 2.28 billion bushels, down 4 percent from December 1, 2007. Soybean stocks stored on farms totaled 1.19 billion bushels, up 5 percent from a year ago. Off-farm stocks, at 1.09 billion bushels, are down 12 percent from last December. Indicated disappearance for September - November 2008 totaled 889 million bushels, down slightly from the same period a year earlier.

Corn stored in all positions on December 1, 2008 in the U. S. totaled 10.1 billion bushels, down 2 percent from December 1, 2007. Of the total stocks, 6.48 billion bushels are stored on farms, down 1 percent from a year earlier. Off-farm stocks, at 3.60 billion bushels, are down 4 percent from a year ago. The September - November 2008 indicated disappearance is 3.64 billion bushels, compared with 4.06 billion bushels during the same period last year.

All U. S. wheat stored in all positions on December 1, 2008 totaled 1.42 billion bushels, up 26 percent from a year ago. On-farm stocks are estimated at 454 million bushels, up 57 percent from last December. Off-farm stocks, at 968 million bushels, are up 15 percent from a year ago. The September - November 2008 indicated disappearance is 436 million bushels, down 25 percent from the same period a year earlier.

Grain sorghum stored in all positions on December 1, 2008 in the U. S. totaled 312 million bushels, up 7 percent from a year ago. On-farm stocks, at 54.4 million bushels, are up 6 percent from December 1 last year. Off-farm stocks, at 257 million bushels, are up 7 percent from a year earlier. The September - November 2008 indicated disappearance from all positions is 213 million bushels, down 10 percent from the same period in 2007.

U. S. rough rice stocks in all positions on December 1, 2008, totaled 139 million hundredweight (cwt), down 8 percent from the total on December 1, 2007. Stocks held on farms totaled 47.5 million cwt, and off-farm stocks totaled 91.1 million cwt. Long grain varieties accounted for 70 percent of the total rough rice, medium grain accounted for 27 percent, and short grain varieties accounted for 3 percent. U. S. milled rice stocks in all positions totaled 5.26 million cwt, down less than 1 percent from a year ago. Milled rice stocks were compromised of 4.12 million cwt of whole kernel rice and 1.14 million cwt of second heads, screenings, and brewers rice.