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January 30, 2009

Missouri Cattle Inventory Unchanged

(Columbia, MO) - The January 1, 2009, all cattle and calf inventory in Missouri totaled 4.25 million head, unchanged from the revised 2008 estimate. "Beef cow numbers showed expected decreases as producers liquidated cows to reduce expenses,” said Gene Danekas, Director, Missouri Agricultural Statistics. “Inventory of heifers and steers were up as many producers held onto calves as prices decreased and hay supplies were plentiful. ” Beef cow numbers decreased during 2008 and totaled 1.99 million head as of January 1, 2009. Compared to a year ago, beef cow numbers were down 78,000 head, or 4 percent, from the revised 2008 estimate. Milk cows decreased 2,000 head from last year to 108,000 head.

Other class estimates on January 1, 2009 and percent changes from 2008 were as follows: all beef replacement heifers 500 pounds and over, up 7 percent to 320,000 head; milk replacement heifers 500 pounds and over, down 33 percent to 40,000 head; other heifers 500 pounds and over, up 8 percent to 270,000 head from the previous years revised estimate; steers 500 pounds and over, up 16 percent to 510,000 head from the revised 2008 estimate; bulls 500 pounds and over, no change from last years 110,000 head; and calves under 500 pounds, down 1 percent to 900,000 head from the 2008 revised estimate.

The 2008 calf crop was estimated at 1.93 million head, down 3 percent from the 2007 calf crop of 1.98 million head.

Cattle on feed for slaughter market, at 60,000 head, was down 8 percent from January 1, 2008.

United States January 1 Cattle Inventory Down 2 Percent

All cattle and calves in the United States as of January 1, 2009, totaled 94.5 million head, 2 percent below the 96.0 million on January 1, 2008.

All cows and heifers that have calved, at 41.0 million, were down 2 percent from the 41.7 million on January 1, 2008.

• Beef cows, at 31.7 million, were down 2 percent from January 1, 2008.
• Milk cows, at 9.33 million, were up 1 percent from January 1, 2008.

Other class estimates on January 1, 2009, and the change from January 1, 2008, are as follows:

• All heifers 500 pounds and over, 19.6 million, down 1 percent.
• Beef replacement heifers, 5.53 million, down 2 percent.
• Milk replacement heifers, 4.41 million, down slightly.
• Other heifers, 9.65 million, down 1 percent.
• Steers weighing 500 pounds and over, 16.8 million, down 2 percent.
• Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over, 2.18 million, down 1 percent.
• Calves under 500 pounds, 14.9 million, down 1 percent.
• Cattle and calves on feed for slaughter in all feedlots, 13.9 million, down 7 percent.
• The combined total of calves under 500 pounds, and other heifers and steers over 500 pounds outside of feedlots was 27.5 million, up 1 percent.

Calf Crop Down 2 Percent

The 2008 calf crop was estimated at 36.1 million head, down 2 percent from 2007. Calves born during the first half of the year are estimated at 26.3 million, down 1 percent from 2007.