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June 26, 2009

Missouri Hog and Pig Numbers Show 3 Percent Decrease From Year Earlier

(COLUMBIA, MO) – The June 1, 2009 inventory of Missouri hogs and pigs is estimated at 3.00 million head according to the USDA’s Missouri Agricultural Statistics Service. This is down 3 percent from a year earlier but 2 percent above the March 1 estimate. “Missouri pork producers are scaling back their breeding herds to the 4th lowest June first level since records began in 1963, slightly above the lows of 2003-2005.” says Gene Danekas, Director. "Higher production costs and declining prices are affecting production levels." Breeding hogs are estimated at 345,000 head, down 9 percent from a year ago and 5 percent below last quarter. Market hogs are estimated at 2.66 million head, 2 percent below a year earlier but 3 percent above March 1.

The March-May pig crop was estimated at 1.81 million head, up 2 percent from the same period a year earlier as well as the December 2008-February 2009 quarter. Farrowings, at 185,000 sows, were 5,000 head below a year ago and last quarter. Pigs saved per litter, at 9.80 pigs, rose 4 percent from the 9.40 pigs saved a year earlier and was up 5 percent from 9.35 pigs saved the previous quarter.

Missouri hog producers intend to farrow 185,000 sows during June-August 2009, 10,000 head below the number that were actually farrowed during the same period a year earlier. During September-November 2009 hog producers also expect to farrow 185,000 sows, 15,000 head fewer than the actual farrowings in September-November of 2008.

U.S. Hog Inventory down 2 Percent

U.S. inventory of all hogs and pigs on June 1, 2009 was 66.1 million head. This was down 2 percent from June 1, 2008 but up 1 percent from March 1, 2009. Breeding inventory, at 5.97 million head, was down 3 percent from last year and down slightly from the previous quarter. Market hog inventory, at 60.1 million head, was down 2 percent from last year but up 1 percent from last quarter.

The March-May 2009 pig crop, at 28.5 million head, was down slightly from 2008 but up 2 percent from 2007. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 2.97 million head, down 3 percent from 2008 and down 2 percent from 2007. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 50 percent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was a record high 9.61 for the March-May 2009 period, compared to 9.38 last year. Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.40 for operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 9.70 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs. U.S. hog producers intend to farrow 2.97 million sows during the June-August 2009 quarter, down 3 percent from the actual farrowings during the same period in 2008 and down 5 percent from 2007. Intended farrowings for September-November 2009, at 2.96 million sows, are down 2 percent from 2008 and down 7 percent from 2007.

The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with over 5,000 head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 46 percent of the total U.S. hog inventory, up from 41 percent last year.