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June 30, 2009

Missouri Corn and Soybean Acreage Above Year Earlier

(COLUMBIA, MO) – "Missouri producers struggled for a second straight season, with planting progress lagging as much as 3 weeks behind normal," said Gene Danekas, Director, USDA-Missouri Agricultural Statistics. "Excess rainfall and improving markets have convinced producers to plant 350,000 more acres of soybeans than anticipated in March.”

Although Missouri corn planting was delayed throughout the spring by cool, wet weather, plantings are indicated at 3.10 million acres, 11 percent above last year and 2 percent above what farmers intended to plant in March. Corn acres for harvest for grain are forecast at 3.00 million, up 13 percent from 2008. As of June 28, 2009, 54 percent of the crop was in good to excellent condition with 8 percent silked, 8 days behind normal.

Soybean planted and to be planted acreage in Missouri is forecast at 5.40 million acres, 4 percent above 2008. If realized, this would be the largest planted acreage since 1999 and 350,000 acres above farmers March intentions. Soybean planting was 2 weeks behind normal by the middle of June but open weather during the last full week of June allowed farmers to reach 90 percent planted as of June 28, only 5 days behind the normal pace. Harvested acres are expected to total 5.35 million acres, 6 percent above last year. Fifty-three percent of the crop was in good to excellent condition as of June 28, 2009.

Missouri winter wheat producers are expected to harvest 720,000 acres of the 800,000 acres planted last fall. If realized, the harvested acreage would be down 38 percent from last year and the lowest harvested acreage since 2005. The number of wheat acres that had been harvested doubled during the last full week in June, reaching 58 percent complete, 3 days behind average as dry weather enabled rapid progress over the state. Seeded acres of oats in Missouri are estimated at 15,000 acres, unchanged from last year, while acres to be harvested for grain are indicated at 10,000 acres, up 4,000 acres from a year earlier.

Total area of all hay to be harvested in Missouri this year is estimated at 3.88 million acres, with 3.55 million acres of other hay and 330,000 acres of alfalfa. Total hay acreage is down 8 percent from last year. Cotton planted acres in Missouri are estimated at 305,000, down slightly from last year's level and the lowest level since 1990. Seventeen percent of the cotton acreage was squaring as of June 28, over 2 weeks behind normal. Planted area of Missouri rice this year is estimated at 195,000 acres, 3 percent below 2008. Sixty-six percent of the rice crop was in good to excellent condition as of June 28.

Planted acres of sorghum in Missouri are estimated at 80,000, the lowest planted acreage on record. Sorghum to be harvested for grain is forecast at 75,000 acres, 5,000 acres below last year and the lowest harvested acreage since 1954. Fifty-eight percent of the sorghum crop was in good to excellent condition as of June 28. Potatoes planted in Missouri are estimated at 7,000 acres, down 200 acres from last year, while harvested acres are forecast 200 acres more than a year ago at 6,700 acres.

United States Crops

U. S. corn planted area for all purposes in 2009 is estimated at 87.0 million acres, up 1 percent from last year but 7 percent below 2007. This is the second largest planted acreage since 1946, behind 2007. Growers expect to harvest 80.1 million acres for grain, up 2 percent from last year.

The U. S. soybean planted area is estimated at 77.5 million acres, up 2 percent from 2008. Planted area increased from last year in 22 out of 31 States, and is the largest U.S. planted acreage on record. Area for harvest is forecast at 76.5 million acres, up 3 percent from 2008, and will also be the largest on record, if realized.

The U. S. winter wheat planted area is estimated at43.4 million acres, down 6 percent from 2008 but up 1 percent from the previous estimate. Area harvested for grain is forecast at 34.8 million acres, down 12 percent from last year. Acreage seeded to oats in the U. S. for the 2009 crop year totaled 3.16 million acres, down 2 percent from the previous year and is the lowest on record. Growers expect to harvest 1.43 million acres for grain, up 2 percent from 2008 but is the second lowest on record.

U. S. producers intend to harvest 60.2 million acres of all hay, up slightly from 2008. Expected harvested area of alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures, at 21.0 million acres, is up 2,000 acres from 2008. The U. S. all cotton planted area is estimated at 9.05 million acres, down 4 percent from last year. Upland cotton planted area totals 8.91 million acres, down 4 percent from 2008. All and Upland cotton acres are the lowest since 1983. Area planted to rice in the U. S. in 2009 is estimated at 3.02 million acres, up 1 percent from 2008. Area for harvest is estimated at 3.00 million acres, also up 1 percent from 2008. Area planted to sorghum in the U. S. is estimated at 6.96 million acres, down 16 percent from 2008. Area to be harvested for grain is forecast at 5.97 million acres, down 18 percent from last year. U. S. growers in the summer potato producing States planted an estimated 44,000 acres of potatoes this year, down 6 percent from last year and 13 percent below 2007. Harvested area is forecast at 42,500 acres, 5 percent lower than 2008 and down 12 percent from 2007.

Missouri Corn and Soybean Stocks Above Year Ago

Missouri soybean stocks in all positions on June 1, 2009 totaled 22.1 million bushels, 3 percent more than stored a year earlier. On-farm stocks totaled 11.5 million bushels, while 10.6 million bushels were held in commercial facilities.

Total corn stocks on hand in Missouri on June 1 amounted to 96.3 million bushels, 4 percent more than the amount stored a year earlier. On-farm stocks accounted for 52.0 million bushels, while off-farm corn stocks totaled 44.3 million bushels.

June 1 stocks of old-crop wheat in all positions in Missouri totaled 15.5 million bushels, up 74 percent from a year earlier. On-farm stocks accounted for 1.30 million bushels, while off-farm wheat stocks totaled 14.2 million bushels.

Sorghum stocks in Missouri on June 1 totaled 1.27 million bushels, 30 percent below a year ago. On-farm sorghum accounted for 300,000 bushels, while 969,000 were in commercial facilities.

Missouri rough rice stocks in all positions on June 1 totaled 1.94 million cwt., 3 percent above the 1.88 million cwt. on hand June 1, 2008.

United States Grain Stocks

Soybeans in the U.S. stored in all positions on June 1, 2009 totaled 597 million bushels, down 12 percent from June 1, 2008. On-farm stocks totaled 226 million bushels, down slightly from a year ago. Off-farm stocks, at 371 million bushels, are down 18 percent from the previous year. Indicated disappearance for the March - May 2009 quarter totaled 705 million bushels, down 7 percent from the same period a year earlier.

U. S. corn stocks in all positions on June 1, 2009 totaled 4.27 billion bushels, up 6 percent from June 1, 2008. Of the total stocks, 2.21 billion bushels are stored on farms, up 12 percent from a year earlier. Off-farm stocks, at 2.06 billion bushels, are up slightly from a year ago. The March - May 2009 indicated disappearance is 2.69 billion bushels, compared with 2.83 billion bushels during the same period last year.


All wheat stored in all positions in the U. S. on June 1, 2009 totaled 667 million bushels, up 118 percent from a year ago. On-farm stocks are estimated at 141 million bushels, up 449 percent from last year. Off-farm stocks, at 526 million bushels, are up 88 percent from a year ago. The March - May 2009 indicated disappearance is 373 million bushels, down 7 percent from the same period a year earlier.

U. S. grain sorghum stored in all positions on June 1, 2009 totaled 101 million bushels, down slightly from a year ago. On-farm stocks, at 11.8 million bushels, are up 69 percent from last year. Off-farm stocks, at 89.1 million bushels, are down 5 percent from June 1, 2008. The March - May 2009 indicated disappearance from all positions is 108 million bushels, up 27 percent from the same period last year.

Rough rice stocks in all positions in the U. S. on June 1, 2009, totaled 48.4 million hundredweight (cwt), down 9 percent from the total on June 1, 2008. Stocks held on farms totaled 6.92 million cwt, and off-farm stocks totaled 41.4 million cwt. Long grain varieties accounted for 71 percent of the total rough rice, medium grain accounted for 26 percent, and short grain varieties accounted for 3 percent. Milled rice stocks in all positions totaled 5.72 million cwt, up 31 percent from a year ago. Milled rice stocks were compromised of 4.13 million cwt of whole kernel rice and 1.59 million cwt of second heads, screenings, and brewers rice.

Audio Commentary

Press Release Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/