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December 30, 2009

Missouri Hog and Pig Numbers Increase 2 Percent From September

(COLUMBIA, Mo.) - The December 1, 2009 inventory of Missouri hogs and pigs is estimated at 3.10 million head according to the USDA’s Missouri Agricultural Statistics Service. “Inventories are remaining stable as litter rates continue to be well above average,” says Gene Danekas, Director. “Current levels are 50,000 head above September but 50,000 head below last December.” Breeding hogs are estimated at 360,000 head, 3 percent above the previous quarter but 3 percent below last year. Market hogs are estimated at 2.74 million head, 1 percent above September 1, 2009 but 1 percent below a year earlier.

The National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) has changed some market hog weight group categories used in its quarterly Hogs and Pigs report, beginning with the December 30 report. The changes will align NASS data with international trade data and will allow a more uniform analysis of the North American hog inventory. NASS will now report market hog weights in an “under 50 pounds” group and a “50-119 pounds” group instead of “under 60 pounds” and “60-119 pounds.” Other market weight groups will remain the same. This Hogs and Pigs report will include national- and state-level data for the new weight groups dating back to March 2008 in order to allow for historical analysis of the new weight groups.

The September-November 2009 pig crop was estimated at 1.88 million head, down 3 percent from the same period a year earlier but 2 percent above the June-August 2009 quarter. Farrowings, at 190,000 sows, were down 10,000 sows from a year ago but 5,000 sows more than farrowed the previous quarter. Pigs saved per litter, at 9.90 pigs, rose 3 percent from the 9.65 pigs saved a year earlier but fell 1 percent from the 10.0 pigs saved the previous quarter.

Missouri hog producers intend to farrow 190,000 sows during December 2009-February 2010, the same as the number that were actually farrowed during the same period a year earlier. During March-May 2010, hog producers expect to farrow 190,000 sows, 5,000 head more than the actual farrowings in the comparable period a year earlier.

U.S. Hog Inventory Down 2 Percent

U.S. inventory of all hogs and pigs on December 1, 2009 was 65.8 million head. This was down 2 percent from December 1, 2008 and down 2 percent from September 1, 2009.

Breeding inventory, at 5.85 million head, was down 3 percent from last year and down slightly from the
previous quarter. Market hog inventory, at 60.0 million head, was down 2 percent from last year and down 2 percent from last quarter.

The September-November 2009 pig crop, at 28.8 million head, was up slightly from 2008 but down 2 percent from 2007. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 2.97 million head, down 2 percent from 2008 and down 6 percent from 2007. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 51 percent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was 9.70 for the September-November 2009 period, compared to 9.50 last year. The litter rate equaled the record for pigs saved per litter set during the June- August 2009 period. Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.40 for operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 9.80 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.