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January 12, 2010

MISSOURI SOYBEANS AND CORN PRODUCTION INCREASE, HAY DECLINES

(COLUMBIA, MO, January 12, 2010) - “Despite the trials of the growing season, most crops enjoyed better than normal yields” said Gene Danekas, Director, Missouri Agricultural Statistics.

Missouri soybean production totaled 231 million bushels in 2009, up 21 percent from the 2008 crop. Farmers in Missouri harvested 5.30 million of the 5.35 million acres planted in the state, 5 percent more than last year. Missouri yields averaged 43.5 bushels per acre, up 5.5 bushel from last year but 1.5 bushels per acre below the record set in 2004.

Corn grain production in Missouri during 2009 totaled 447 million bushels, 17 percent above last year. Yields for the State averaged 153 bushels per acre, up 9 bushels from the 2008 yield but 9 bushels below the record yield of 2004. Corn for grain was produced from 2.92 million acres out of 3.00 million planted acres, while 50,000 acres were cut for silage, producing 800,000 tons. Acreage harvested for grain was 10 percent above last year while silage acreage was unchanged.

Missouri grain sorghum production totaled 3.70 million bushels, down 52 percent from 2008. Planted acreage, at a record low 50,000 acres, was down 40,000 acres from 2008. This is the lowest planted acres on record. Sorghum for grain was harvested on 43,000 acres were harvested for grain with an average yield for the State at 86 bushels per acre, 11 bushels below 2008 and 22 bushels below the record yield in 2004. Silage was cut from 4,000 acres with a yield of 9 tons per acre, unchanged from last year.

Missouri cotton production is estimated at 520,000 bales, 26 percent below 2008. The State yield is estimated at 960 pounds per acre, 146 pounds lower than last year’s record yield. Planted acreage of 272,000 acres was 11 percent below last year, while farmers harvested 260,000 acres, 14 percent below a year earlier.

Rice production in Missouri during 2009 totaled 13.4 million cwt, 2 percent above last year’s crop but 5 percent below the record production in 2005. Yield is estimated at 6,710 pounds per acre, 190 pounds below the record 2007 level. Producers harvested 200,000 of the 202,000 acres planted.

Commercial potato production in Missouri for 2009 totaled 2.06 million cwt, 67 percent above the 2008 production. The 7,100 acres harvested produced a yield of 290 cwt, up 100 cwt. from last year. There were 7,300 acres planted, 100 acres more than a year earlier.

Hay production in Missouri totaled 8.04 million tons, 9 percent below the 2008 production. Missouri hay yields averaged 2.07 tons per acre, compared with 2.10 tons per acre a year earlier. Harvested area of all hay was 3.88 million acres, a decrease of 8 percent from 2008.

U. S. SOYBEAN PRODUCTION UP 13 PERCENT, CORN UP 9 PERCENT

U.S. Soybean production in 2009 totaled 3.36 billion bushels, up 1 percent from the November 1 forecast and up 13 percent from 2008. U.S. production is the largest on record. The average yield per acre is estimated at a record high 44.0 bushels, 0.7 bushel above the November 1 forecast and 4.3 bushels above last year’s yield. Harvested area is up 2 percent from 2008 to a record 76.4 million acres.

U.S. corn for grain production is estimated at a record 13.2 billion bushels, up 2 percent from the November 1 forecast, and 1 percent above the previous record of 13.0 billion bushels set in 2007. U.S. grain yield is also estimated at a record level for 2009, at 165.2 bushels per acre. This is up 2.3 bushels from the November forecast and 4.9 bushels above the previous record of 160.3 bushels per acre set in 2004.

U.S. Sorghum grain production in 2009 is estimated at 383 million bushels, up 5 percent from the November 1 forecast but 19 percent below 2008. Planted area is estimated at 6.63 million acres, down 20 percent from last year and is the third lowest acreage total on record. Area harvested for grain, at 5.52 million acres, is down 24 percent from 2008. Average grain yield, at 69.4 bushels per acre, is up 5.4 bushels from the previous forecast and up 4.4 bushels from last year.

All cotton production in the U.S. is estimated at 12.4 million 480-pound bales, down 2 percent from last month and down 3 percent from 2008. The U.S. yield is estimated at 774 pounds per acre, down 8 pounds from the December 1 forecast and down 39 pounds from last year. Harvested area, at 7.69 million acres, is down less than 1 percent from December but up 2 percent from last year.

Rice production in the U.S. in 2009 is estimated at 220 million cwt, up 1 percent from the previous forecast and up 8 percent from 2008. Planted area is estimated at 3.14 million acres, up 5 percent from 2008. Area harvested, at 3.10 million acres, is up slightly from the previous forecast and up 4 percent from the previous crop year. The average yield for all U.S. rice is estimated at 7,085 pounds per acre, up 47 pounds from the previous forecast and 239 pounds above the 2008 yield.

Production of dry hay for 2009 in the U.S. is estimated at 147 million tons, down 3 percent from the October 1 forecast but up 1 percent from the 2008 total. Area harvested is at 59.8 million acres, down 1 percent from the October 1 forecast and down 1 percent from 2008. The average yield, at 2.47 tons per acre, is down 0.07 ton from October but up 0.04 ton from the previous year.

Winter Wheat Seedings for 2010

Fall seedings for the 2010 winter wheat crop in Missouri totaled 420,000 acres, down 46 percent from the 2009 seeded acreage and 66 percent below the level of 2 years ago. This is the lowest winter wheat seeding on record, mainly due to an extremely late harvest for row crops.

Winter wheat seeded area in the U.S for 2010 is expected to total 37.1 million acres, down 14 percent from 2009. Approximate class acreage breakdowns are: Hard Red Winter, 27.8 million; Soft Red Winter, 5.92 million; and White Winter, 3.33 million.

Missouri December 1, 2009 Grain Stocks

Soybeans in all storage positions in Missouri on December 1, 2009 totaled 138 million bushels, 7 percent above last year. Stocks on farms accounted for 88.0 million bushels and off farm stocks totaled 49.9 million bushels, both 7 percent more than on December 1, 2008.

Missouri corn stocks on December 1, 2009 totaled 319 million bushels, 9 percent above the 292 million bushels in storage on a year earlier. This is the largest amount in storage on record on December 1. Of the total, 230 million bushels were on farms, and 89.4 million bushels were in commercial facilities.

Wheat stocks in Missouri on December 1, 2009 totaled 30.3 million bushels, 10 percent below a year earlier. There were 2.25 million bushels stored on farms, 69 percent below last year. Off farm stocks accounted for 28.1 million bushels, 6 percent above a year ago.

Sorghum stocks in Missouri on December 1, 2009 totaled 3.08 million bushels, 48 percent below a year earlier. This is the lowest December 1 stocks since 1953. Sorghum on farms accounted for 2.00 million bushels, 57 percent below last year, while 1.08 million bushels were held off-farm, 19 percent less than on hand December 1, 2008.

Missouri rough rice stocks in all positions on December 1 totaled 7.46 million cwt, 9 percent lower than a year earlier.

U. S. CORN STOCKS UP 9 PERCENT FROM YEAR AGO, SOYBEAN STOCKS UP 3 PERCENT

U.S. Soybeans stored in all positions on December 1, 2009 totaled 2.34 billion bushels, up 3 percent from December 1, 2008. Soybean stocks stored on farms totaled 1.23 billion bushels, up 4 percent from a year ago. Off-farm stocks, at 1.11 billion bushels, are up 2 percent from last December. Indicated disappearance for September - November 2009 totaled 1.16 billion bushels, up 30 percent from the same period a year earlier.

Corn stored in all positions on December 1, 2009 in the U.S. totaled 10.9 billion bushels, up 9 percent from December 1, 2008. Of the total stocks, 7.45 billion bushels are stored on farms, up 15 percent from a year earlier. Off-farm stocks, at 3.49 billion bushels, are down 3 percent from a year ago. The September - November 2009 indicated disappearance is 3.89 billion bushels, compared with 3.64 billion bushels during the same period last year.

All U.S. wheat stored in all positions on December 1, 2009 totaled 1.77 billion bushels, up 24 percent from a year ago. On-farm stocks are estimated at 559 million bushels, up 23 percent from last December. Off-farm stocks, at 1.21 billion bushels, are up 25 percent from a year ago. The September - November 2009 indicated disappearance is 444 million bushels, up 2 percent from the same period a year earlier.

Grain sorghum stored in all positions on December 1, 2009 in the U.S. totaled 250 million bushels, down 16 percent from a year ago. On-farm stocks, at 48.0 million bushels, are down 12 percent from December 1 last year. Off-farm stocks, at 202 million bushels, are down 17 percent from a year earlier. The September - November 2009 indicated disappearance from all positions is 187 million bushels, down 18 percent from the same period in 2008.

U.S. Rough rice stocks in all positions on December 1, 2009, totaled 157 million hundredweight (cwt), up 13 percent from the total on December 1, 2008. Stocks held on farms totaled 51.9 million cwt, and off-farm stocks totaled 105 million cwt. Long grain varieties accounted for 66 percent of the total rough rice, medium grain accounted for 31 percent, and short grain varieties accounted for 3 percent. U.S. Milled rice stocks in all positions totaled 5.68 million cwt, up 8 percent from a year ago. Milled rice stocks were comprised of 3.59 million cwt of whole kernel rice and 2.09 million cwt of second heads, screenings, and brewers rice.

Audio Commentary

Press Release Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available on the

Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/