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January 29, 2010

Missouri Cattle Inventory Down 2 percent

(Columbia, MO) - The January 1, 2010, all cattle and calf inventory in Missouri totaled 4.15 million head, 2 percent below the 4.25 million head on January 1, 2009. "Volatile market conditions are causing uncertain expectations for the beef industry in 2010,” said Gene Danekas, Director, of USDA’s Missouri Agricultural Statistics Service. “The inventory of heifers and steers was down as many producers have reduced their herds due to this uncertainty.” Compared to a year ago, beef cow numbers, at 1.97 million head, were down 24,000 head, or 1 percent. This is the smallest beef cow inventory since 1991. Milk cows decreased 6,000 head from last year to 102,000 head.

Other class estimates on January 1, 2010 and percent changes from 2009 were as follows: all beef replacement heifers 500 pounds and over, down 12 percent to 280,000 head; milk replacement heifers 500 pounds and over, up 13 percent to 45,000 head; other heifers 500 pounds and over, up 2 percent to 275,000 head from the previous year’s estimate; steers 500 pounds and over, down 12 percent to 450,000 head from the 2009 estimate of 510,000 head; bulls 500 pounds and over, no change from last year’s 110,000 head; and calves under 500 pounds, up 2 percent to 920,000 head from the 2009 estimate.

The 2009 calf crop was estimated at 1.90 million head, down 2 percent from the 2008 calf crop of 1.93 million head.

Cattle on feed for slaughter market, at 60,000 head, was unchanged from January 1, 2009.

United States January 1 Cattle Inventory Down 1 Percent

All cattle and calves in the United States as of January 1, 2010, totaled 93.7 million head, 1 percent below the 94.5 million on January 1, 2009.

All cows and heifers that have calved, at 40.5 million, were down 1 percent from the 41.0 million on January 1, 2009.

• Beef cows, at 31.4 million, were down 1 percent from January 1, 2009.
• Milk cows, at 9.1 million, were down 3 percent from January 1, 2009.

Other class estimates on January 1, 2010, and the change from January 1, 2009, are as follows:

• All heifers 500 pounds and over, 19.7 million, up slightly.
• Beef replacement heifers, 5.4 million, down 2 percent.
• Milk replacement heifers, 4.5 million, up 2 percent.
• Other heifers, 9.7 million, up 1 percent.
• Steers weighing 500 pounds and over, 16.4 million, down 2 percent.
• Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over, 2.2 million, up slightly.
• Calves under 500 pounds, 14.9 million, up slightly.
• Cattle and calves on feed for slaughter in all feedlots, 13.6 million, down 2 percent.
• The combined total of calves under 500 pounds, and other heifers and steers over 500 pounds outside of feedlots was 27.5 million, down slightly.

Calf Crop Down 1 Percent

The 2009 calf crop was estimated at 35.8 million head, down 1 percent from 2008. Calves born during the first half of the year are estimated at 26.0 million, down 1 percent from 2008.