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March 31, 2010

Missouri Corn Acreage Up 10 Percent

(COLUMBIA, MO) – Missouri farmers reported their planting intentions for the upcoming growing season in a survey conducted by the Missouri Agricultural Statistics Service. “Missouri’s farmers intend to plant more corn and soybean acres than last year,” said Gene Danekas, Director, Missouri Agricultural Statistics. “Furthermore, they intend to plant a record high rice acreage while winter wheat and sorghum acreages would be the lowest on record.”

Missouri farmers intend to plant 3.30 million acres of corn in 2010, up 10 percent from the 3.00 million acres planted for all purposes last year and 18 percent more than the 2008 level of 2.80 million acres. This is the highest planted acreage since 2007 when 3.45 million acres were planted.

Soybean planted acres in Missouri in 2010 are expected to total 5.40 million acres, 1 percent above last year’s 5.35 million acres and up 4 percent from 2008 when 5.20 million acres were planted. This is the largest intended soybean crop since the 1999 level of 5.40 million planted acres.

Sorghum is expected to be planted on 40,000 acres in Missouri, down 20 percent from 2009 when 50,000 acres were planted and 56 percent less than the 90,000 acres planted in 2008. If realized, this would be the smallest acreage since records began in 1929. The lowest level in the State prior to the current estimate was last year.

Winter wheat plantings in Missouri are estimated at 390,000 acres, down 50 percent from 2009 and down 7 percent from the December forecast of 420,000. This would be the lowest wheat acreage since records began in 1909.

Cotton producers in Missouri intend to plant 290,000 acres of cotton this year, 7 percent above last year’s 272,000 planted acres but 5 percent less than 2008 when 306,000 acres were planted.

Rice is expected to be planted on 217,000 acres in Missouri this year, up 7 percent from last year’s 202,000 acres and 9 percent above 2008 when 200,000 acres were planted. If realized, this would be the largest planted acreage on record.

Hay is expected to be harvested from 4.10 million acres in Missouri, an increase of 6 percent from last year when 3.88 million acres were cut, but 2 percent below 2008 when 4.20 million acres were harvested.

United States Intended Plantings

Corn growers in the United States intend to plant 88.8 million acres of corn for all purposes in 2010, up 3 percent from both last year and 2008. Planted acreage is expected to be up in many States due to reduced winter wheat acreage and expectations of improved net returns.

United States soybean producers intend to plant 78.1 million acres in 2010, up less than 1 percent from last year. If realized, the U.S. planted area will be the largest on record.

All wheat planted area in the United States is estimated at 53.8 million acres, down 9 percent from 2009. The 2010 winter wheat planted area in the United States, at 37.7 million acres, is 13 percent below last year but up 2 percent from the previous estimate. This is the lowest United States total since 1970.

The 2010 United States sorghum area intended to be planted for all purposes is estimated at 6.36 million acres, down 4 percent from 2009.

Rice acreage in the United States for 2010 is expected to total 3.41 million acres, up 9 percent from 2009.

United States acres planted to cotton for 2010 are expected to total 10.5 million acres, up 15 percent from last year. Upland acreage in the United States is expected to total 10.3 million acres, 15 percent above last year.

United States growers intend to plant an estimated 3.36 million acres of oats, down 1 percent from the 3.40 million acres planted in 2009. If realized, this will be the second lowest planted acreage on record.

Missouri Grain Stocks

Missouri corn stocks in all positions on March 1 totaled 201 million bushels, 29 percent above last year at this time. On-farm stocks stood at 135 million bushels, up 39 percent from March 1, 2009, while off-farm stocks increased 12 percent to 65.5 million bushels.

Soybean stocks in all positions in Missouri on March 1, 2010 totaled 65.5 million bushels, up 24 percent from a year earlier. Stocks on farms accounted for 41.0 million bushels, 32 percent above last year, while soybeans in commercial facilities in the State totaled 24.5 million bushels,13 percent above March 1, 2009.

Missouri had 26.8 million bushels of wheat stocks on hand on March 1, 2010, an increase of 12 percent from a year earlier. Wheat on farms totaled 1.50 million bushels, down 55 percent from last year. Commercial facilities held 25.3 million bushels, 23 percent above a year earlier.

Sorghum stocks in Missouri on March 1 totaled 1.59 million bushels, down 32 percent from last year. Sorghum stocks on farms accounted for 980,000 bushels, 35 percent below a year ago, while off-farm facilities held 605,000 bushels, down 27 percent from March 1, 2009.

Missouri rough rice stocks in all positions on March 1 totaled 3.37 million cwt., 21 percent below a year earlier.

United States Crop Stocks

United States corn stocks in all positions on March 1, 2010 totaled 7.69 billion bushels, up 11 percent from March 1, 2009. Of the total stocks, 4.55 billion bushels are stored on farms, up 11 percent from a year earlier. Off-farm stocks, at 3.15 billion bushels, are up 10 percent from a year ago. The December 2009 - February 2010 indicated disappearance is 3.23 billion bushels, compared with 3.12 billion bushels during the same period last year.

Soybeans stored in all positions in the United States on March 1, 2010 totaled 1.27 billion bushels, down 2 percent from March 1, 2009. Soybean stocks stored on farms are estimated at 609 million bushels, down 7 percent from a year ago. Off-farm stocks, at 661 million bushels, are up 2 percent from last March. Indicated disappearance for the December 2009 - February 2010 quarter totaled 1.07 billion bushels, up 10 percent from the same period a year earlier.

All wheat stored in all positions in the United States on March 1, 2010 totaled 1.35 billion bushels, up 30 percent from a year ago. On-farm stocks are estimated at 348 million bushels, up 24 percent from last March. Off-farm stocks, at 1.00 billion bushels, are up 32 percent from a year ago. The December 2009 - February 2010 indicated disappearance is 429 million bushels, up 12 percent from the same period a year earlier.

United States grain sorghum stored in all positions on March 1, 2010 totaled 175 million bushels, down 15 percent from a year ago. On-farm stocks, at 23.7 million bushels, are down 26 percent from last March. Off-farm stocks, at 152 million bushels, are down 13 percent from a year earlier. The December 2009 - February 2010 indicated disappearance from all positions is 75.5 million bushels, down 18 percent from the same period last year.

United States oats stored in all positions on March 1, 2010 totaled 98.0 million bushels, 3 percent above the stocks on March 1, 2009. Of the total stocks on hand, 30.9 million bushels are stored on farms, up 2 percent from a year ago. Off-farm stocks totaled 67.1 million bushels, up 3 percent from the previous year. Indicated disappearance during December 2009 - February 2010 totaled 12.6 million bushels, down 35 percent from the same period a year ago.

Rough rice stocks in all positions in the United States on March 1, 2010, totaled 102 million hundredweight (cwt), up 11 percent from the total on March 1, 2009. Stocks held on farms totaled 23.5 million cwt, and off-farm stocks totaled 78.1 million cwt. Long grain varieties accounted for 64 percent of the total rough rice, medium grain accounted for 33 percent, and short grain varieties accounted for 3 percent. Milled rice stocks in all positions totaled 4.90 million cwt, up 3 percent from a year ago. Milled rice stocks were comprised of 3.92 million cwt of whole kernel rice and 979,000 cwt of second heads, screenings, and brewers rice.

Audio Commentary

Press Release Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available on the

Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/