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June 30, 2010

Missouri Corn and Soybean Acreage Above Year Earlier

(COLUMBIA, MO) – "Even though excessive rainfall in May caused replanting of some corn acres, Missouri producers were able to overcome a third consecutive wet spring by increasing corn and soybean acreage over last year," said Gene Danekas, Director, USDA-Missouri Agricultural Statistics. "Open weather during the last two weeks of April allowed producers to plant over a million acres of crops each of those weeks.”

Missouri corn plantings are estimated at 3.30 million acres, 10 percent above last year, but unchanged from what farmers intended to plant in March. Corn acres for harvest for grain are forecast at 3.20 million, also up 10 percent from 2009. As of June 27, 46 percent of the crop was in good to excellent condition and 20 percent had reached the silking stage or beyond, 5 days ahead of a year earlier but similar to the 5-year average (normal).

Soybean acres planted and to be planted in Missouri are forecast at 5.50 million acres, 3 percent above 2009. If realized, this would be the largest planted acreage since 1984 and 100,000 acres above farmers’ intentions in March. Soybean planting was 6 days behind normal by the middle of June but reached 90 percent planted as of June 27, only 1 day behind the normal pace. Harvested acres are expected to total 5.45 million acres, 3 percent above last year and the largest harvested acreage since 1982. Forty-three percent of the crop was in good to excellent condition as of June 27.

Missouri winter wheat producers are expected to harvest 310,000 acres of the 390,000 acres planted last fall. This would be record low acreages for both planted and harvested acres. The previous lows set in 2005 were 590,000 acres planted and 540,000 acres harvested. Wheat harvest was 64 percent complete by June 27, slightly ahead of the 61 percent 5-year average and well ahead of the 53 percent harvested at this time a year ago. Seeded acres of oats in Missouri are estimated at 20,000 acres, up 5,000 acres from last year, while acres to be harvested for grain are indicated at 6,000 acres, down 3,000 acres from a year earlier. This would tie 2008 for the record low number of harvested acres.

Total area of all hay to be harvested in Missouri this year is estimated at 3.95 million acres, consisting of 3.70 million acres of other hay and 250,000 acres of alfalfa. Total hay acreage is up 2 percent from last year. Upland cotton planted acres in Missouri are estimated at 300,000, up 10 percent from last year's level. Fifty-nine percent of the cotton acreage was squaring as of June 27, 10 days ahead of last year and 4 days ahead of normal. Planted area of Missouri rice this year is estimated at 217,000 acres, 7 percent above 2009. Harvested acres are estimated at 215,000 acres, up 8 percent from last year. If realized, this would be a record for both planted and harvested acres. Eighty-five percent of the rice crop was in good to excellent condition as of June 27.

Planted acres of sorghum in Missouri are estimated at 50,000, tied with last year as the lowest planted acreage on record. Sorghum to be harvested for grain is forecast at 45,000 acres, 2,000 acres above last year. Fifty-four percent of the sorghum crop was in good to excellent condition as of June 27. Potatoes planted in Missouri are estimated at 7,700 acres, up 400 acres from last year, while harvested acres are forecast at 7,600 acres, 500 acres more than a year ago.

United States Crops

Corn planted area for all purposes in the United States in 2010 is estimated at 87.9 million acres, up 2 percent from last year.

U. S. soybean planted area for 2010 is estimated at a record high 78.9 million acres, up 2 percent from last year. Area for harvest, at 78.0 million acres, is also up 2 percent from 2009, and will be the largest harvested area on record, if realized.

All wheat planted in the U. S. is estimated at 54.3 million acres, down 8 percent from 2009. This is the lowest United States total since 1971. The 2010 winter wheat planted area, at 37.7 million acres, is 13 percent below last year. Of this total, about 28.5 million acres are Hard Red Winter, 5.8 million acres are Soft Red Winter, and 3.4 million acres are White Winter. Area planted to other spring wheat for 2010 is estimated at 13.9 million acres, up 5 percent from 2009. Of this total, about 13.3 million acres are Hard Red Spring wheat. Durum planted area for 2010 is estimated at 2.68 million acres, up 5 percent from the previous year.

Area seeded to oats in the U. S. for the 2010 crop year totaled 3.18 million acres, down 7 percent from the previous year and the lowest on record.

U. S. producers intend to harvest 59.7 million acres of all hay in 2010, down slightly from 2009. Expected harvested area of alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures, at 20.7 million acres, is down 2 percent from 2009. Expected area for harvest for all other types of hay totals 38.9 million acres, up 1 percent from 2009.

U. S. all cotton plantings for 2010 are estimated at 10.9 million acres, 19 percent above last year. Upland planted area is estimated at 10.7 million acres, up 19 percent from 2009.

Area planted to rice in the U. S. in 2010 is estimated at 3.51 million acres, up 12 percent from 2009. Area for harvest is forecasted at 3.49 million acres, up 13 percent from last year.

Area planted to sorghum in the U. S. in 2010 is estimated at 6.00 million acres, down 10 percent from 2009. Area to be harvested for grain is forecast at 5.18 million acres, down 6 percent from last year.

Missouri Corn and Soybean Stocks Above Year Ago

Total corn stocks on hand in Missouri on June 1 amounted to 112 million bushels, 16 percent more than the amount stored a year earlier. On-farm stocks accounted for 68.0 million bushels, while off-farm corn stocks totaled 44.2 million bushels.

Missouri soybean stocks in all positions on June 1, 2010 totaled 24.2 million bushels, 9 percent more than stored a year earlier. On-farm stocks totaled 13.0 million bushels, while 11.2 million bushels were held in commercial facilities.

June 1 stocks of old-crop wheat in all positions in Missouri totaled 18.1 million bushels, up 16 percent from a year earlier. On-farm stocks accounted for 600,000 bushels, while off-farm wheat stocks totaled 17.5 million bushels.

Missouri rough rice stocks in all positions on June 1 totaled 2.33 million cwt., 20 percent above the 1.94 million cwt. on hand June 1, 2009.

Sorghum stocks in Missouri on June 1 totaled 873,000 bushels, 31 percent below a year ago. On-farm sorghum accounted for 400,000 bushels, while 473,000 bushels were in commercial facilities.

United States Grain Stocks

Corn stocks in all positions in the United States on June 1, 2010 totaled 4.31 billion bushels, up 1 percent from June 1, 2009. Of the total stocks, 2.13 billion bushels are stored on farms, down 3 percent from a year earlier. Off-farm stocks, at 2.18 billion bushels, are up 6 percent from a year ago.

Soybeans stored in all positions in the U. S. on June 1, 2010 totaled 571 million bushels, down 4 percent from June 1, 2009. On-farm stocks totaled 233 million bushels, up 3 percent from a year ago. Off-farm stocks, at 338 million bushels, are down 9 percent from a year ago.


All wheat stored in all positions in the U. S. on June 1, 2010 totaled 973 million bushels, up 48 percent from a year ago. On-farm stocks are estimated at 210 million bushels, up 49 percent from last year. Off-farm stocks, at 763 million bushels, are up 48 percent from a year ago.

Rough rice stocks in all positions in the U. S. on June 1, 2010 totaled 57.4 million hundredweight (cwt), up 19 percent from the total on June 1, 2009. Stocks held on farms totaled 6.31 million cwt and off-farm stocks totaled 51.1 million cwt. Milled rice stocks in all positions totaled 4.52 million cwt, down 21 percent from a year ago. Milled rice stocks were comprised of 3.28 million cwt of whole kernel rice and 1.24 million cwt of second heads, screenings, and brewers rice.

Grain sorghum stored in all positions in the U. S. on June 1, 2010 totaled 87.9 million bushels, down 14 percent from a year ago. On-farm stocks, at 10.7 million bushels, are down 11 percent from last year. Off-farm stocks, at 77.2 million bushels, are down 14 percent from June 1, 2009.

Audio Commentary

Press Release Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/