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September 24, 2010

Missouri Hog and Pig Inventory Unchanged from June

(COLUMBIA, Mo.) - The September 1, 2010 inventory of Missouri hogs and pigs is estimated at 2.95 million head according to the USDA’s Missouri Agricultural Statistics Service. “We are recovering from June’s higher death loss while the pig crop is up slightly from last quarter,” says Gene Danekas, Director. “Total inventories are unchanged from June, but 100,000 head below last September.” Breeding hogs are estimated at 345,000 head, 1 percent below both the previous quarter and last year. Market hogs are estimated at 2.605 million head, slightly up from June 1, 2010 but 4 percent below a year earlier.

The June-August pig crop was estimated at 1.86 million head, up 1 percent from the same period a year earlier and similar to the March-May quarter. Farrowings, at 190,000 sows, were up 5,000 sows from the previous quarter and last year. Pigs saved per litter, at 9.8 pigs, fell 3 percent from the 10.05 pigs saved in the last quarter and 2 percent from the 10.0 pigs saved the same quarter a year earlier.

Missouri hog producers intend to farrow 180,000 sows during September-November, 10,000 head fewer than the number that were actually farrowed during the same period a year earlier. During December-February, hog producers expect to farrow 190,000 sows, 5,000 head fewer than the actual farrowings in the comparable period a year earlier.

U.S. Hog Inventory down 3 Percent

U.S. inventory of all hogs and pigs on September 1, 2010 was 65.0 million head. This was down 3 percent from September 1, 2009 but up 1 percent from June 1, 2010.

Breeding inventory, at 5.77 million head, was down 2 percent from last year and down slightly from the previous quarter. Market hog inventory, at 59.2 million head, was down 3 percent from last year but up 1 percent from last quarter.

The June-August 2010 pig crop, at 28.5 million head, was down 1 percent from 2009 and down 3 percent from 2008. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 2.91 million head, down 2 percent from 2009 and down 6 percent from 2008. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 50 percent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was 9.81 for the June-August 2010 period, compared to 9.70 last year. The litter rate equaled the record for pigs saved per litter set during the March-May 2010 period. Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.80 for operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 9.90 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.