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December 27, 2010

Missouri Hog and Pig Numbers Decrease 2 Percent From September

(COLUMBIA, Mo.) - The December 1, 2010 inventory of Missouri hogs and pigs is estimated at 2.90 million head according to the USDA’s Missouri Agricultural Statistics Service. “Although the breeding herds are trending downward slightly, litter rates continue to be well above average,” says Gene Danekas, Director. “Current inventory levels are 50,000 head below September and 100,000 head below last December.” Breeding hogs are estimated at 355,000 head, 3 percent above the previous quarter but 1 percent below last year. Market hogs are estimated at 2.55 million head, 2 percent below September 1, 2010 and 7 percent below a year earlier.

The September-November pig crop was estimated at 1.75 million head, down 7 percent from the same period a year earlier and down 6 percent from the June-August quarter. Sows farrowed, at 175,000 sows, were down 15,000 from the previous quarter and last year. Pigs saved per litter, at 10.0 pigs, rose 2 percent from the 9.8 pigs saved in the last quarter and 1 percent from the 9.9 pigs saved the same quarter a year earlier.

Missouri hog producers intend to farrow 180,000 sows during December-February, 15,000 head fewer than were actually farrowed during the same period a year earlier. During December-February, hog producers expect to farrow 185,000 sows, similar to the actual farrowings in the comparable period a year earlier.

U.S. Hog Inventory Down 1 Percent

United States inventory of all hogs and pigs on December 1, 2010 was 64.3 million head. This was down 1 percent from December 1, 2009, and down 2 percent from September 1, 2010.

Breeding inventory, at 5.78 million head, was down 1 percent from last year, but up slightly from the previous quarter. Market hog inventory, at 58.5 million head, was down 1 percent from last year, and down 2 percent from last quarter.

The September-November 2010 pig crop, at 28.2 million head, was down slightly from 2009. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 2.85 million head, down 2 percent from 2009. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 49 percent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was a record high 9.89 for the September-November 2010 period, compared to 9.70 last year. Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.70 for operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 10.00 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.