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January 12, 2011

MISSOURI HAY, SOYBEANS, AND CORN PRODUCTION DECLINE

(COLUMBIA, MO, January 12, 2011) - “A wet spring and above normal temperatures through the summer lead to lower yields than last year.” said Gene Danekas, Director, Missouri Agricultural Statistics.

Missouri soybean production totaled 210 million bushels in 2010, down 9 percent from the 2009 crop. Farmers in Missouri harvested 5.07 million of the 5.15 million acres planted in the state, 4 percent below last year. Missouri yields averaged 41.5 bushels per acre, down 2 bushels from last year.

Corn grain production in Missouri during 2010 totaled 369 million bushels, 17 percent below last year. Disappointing yields for the State averaged 123 bushels per acre, down 30 bushels from the 2009 yield. Corn for grain was produced from 3.00 million acres, while 60,000 acres were cut for silage, producing 900,000 tons. Acreage harvested for grain was 3 percent above last year while silage acreage was up 10,000 acres.

Missouri grain sorghum production totaled 2.57 million bushels, down 30 percent from 2009. This is the lowest production since 1955 when 2.51 million bushels were produced. Planted acreage, at a record low 40,000 acres, was down 10,000 acres from the previous record low in 2009. Sorghum was harvested for grain from 33,000 acres with an average yield for the State at 78 bushels per acre, 8 bushels below 2009. Silage was cut from 5,000 acres with a record yield of 13 tons per acre, 1,000 acres above last year.

Missouri cotton production is estimated at 685,000 bales, 36 percent above 2009. The State yield is estimated at 1,068 pounds per acre, 141 pounds above last year’s yield. Planted acreage of 310,000 acres was 14 percent above last year, while farmers harvested 308,000 acres, 18 percent above a year earlier.

Rice production in Missouri during 2010 totaled a record 16.3 million cwt, 21 percent above last year’s crop and 15 percent above the previous record production in 2005. Yield is estimated at 6,480 pounds per acre, 230 pounds below the 2009 level. Producers harvested a record 251,000 acres.

Hay production in Missouri totaled 7.51 million tons, 7 percent below the 2009 production. Missouri hay yields averaged 1.96 tons per acre, compared with 2.07 a year earlier. Harvested area of all hay was 3.84 million acres, a decrease of 1 percent from 2009.

Commercial potato production in Missouri for 2010 totaled 2.16 million cwt, 11 percent above the 2009 production. The 7,200 acres harvested produced a yield of 300 cwt, up 25 cwt. from last year. There were 7,300 acres planted, unchanged from a year earlier.

U. S. SOYBEAN PRODUCTION DOWN 1 PERCENT, CORN DOWN 5 PERCENT

Soybean production in the U. S. in 2010 totaled 3.33 billion bushels, down 1 percent from 2009. U.S. production is the second largest on record. The average yield per acre is estimated at 43.5 bushels, 0.5 bushel below last year's record high yield. Harvested area is up slightly from 2009 to a record high 76.6 million acres.

U. S. corn for grain production is estimated at 12.4 billion bushels, 5 percent below the record high production of 13.1 billion bushels set in 2009. U.S. grain yield for 2010 is estimated at 152.8 bushels per acre. This is 11.9 bushels below the record high yield of 164.7 bushels per acre set in 2009. Area harvested for grain is estimated at 81.4 million acres, up 2 percent from 2009.

U. S. sorghum grain production in 2010 is estimated at 345 million bushels, 10 percent below 2009. Planted area is estimated at 5.40 million acres, down 19 percent from last year. Area harvested for grain, at 4.81 million acres, is down 13 percent from 2009. Average grain yield, at 71.8 bushels per acre, is up 2.4 bushels from last year.

All cotton production in the U. S. is estimated at 18.3 million 480-pound bales, up 50 percent from 2009. The U.S. yield is estimated at 821 pounds per acre, up 44 pounds from last year. Harvested area, at 10.7 million acres, is up 42 percent from last year.

Rice production in the U. S. in 2010 is estimated at a record high 243 million cwt, up 11 percent from 2009. Planted area is estimated at 3.64 million acres, up 16 percent from 2009. Area harvested, at 3.62 million acres, is up 17 percent from the previous crop year. The average yield for all U.S. rice is estimated at 6,725 pounds per acre, up 56 pounds from the previous forecast but down 360 pounds from the 2009 yield.

U. S. production of dry hay for 2010 is estimated at 146 million tons, down 1 percent from the 2009 total. Area harvested is at 59.9 million acres, up slightly from last year. The average yield, at 2.43 tons per acre, is down 0.04 ton from the previous year.

Winter Wheat Seedings for 2011

Fall seedings for the 2011 winter wheat crop in Missouri totaled 750,000 acres, an increase of 103 percent from the 2010 seeded acreage but 4 percent below the level of 2 years ago.

U. S. winter wheat seeded area for 2011 is expected to total 41.0 million acres, up 10 percent from 2010. Approximate class acreage breakdowns are: Hard Red Winter, 29.6 million; Soft Red Winter, 7.76 million; and White Winter, 3.66 million.

Missouri December 1, 2010 Grain Stocks

Soybeans in all storage positions in Missouri on December 1, 2010 totaled 132.4 million bushels, 4 percent below last year. Stocks on farms accounted for 83.0 million bushels, down 6 percent from last year. Off farm stocks totaled 49.4 million bushels, down 2 percent from December 1, 2009.

Missouri corn stocks on December 1, 2010 totaled 270 million bushels, 15 percent below the record 319 million bushels in storage on a year earlier. Of the total, 195 million bushels were on farms, and 75.2 million bushels were in commercial facilities.

Wheat stocks in Missouri on December 1, 2010 totaled 26.0 million bushels, 14 percent below a year earlier. There were 690,000 bushels stored on farms, 69 percent below last year. This is the lowest December 1 on farm wheat stocks on record dating back to 1949. Off farm stocks accounted for 25.3 million bushels, 10 percent below a year ago.

Sorghum stocks in Missouri on December 1, 2010 totaled 2.12 million bushels, 31 percent below a year earlier. This is the lowest December 1 stocks since 1953. Sorghum on farms accounted for 1.30 million bushels, 35 percent below last year, while 817,000 bushels were held off-farm, 25 percent less than on hand December 1, 2009..

Missouri rough rice stocks in all positions on December 1 totaled 10.2 million cwt, 37 percent above than a year earlier. This is the highest December 1 stocks on record.

UNITED STATES DECEMBER 1, 2010 GRAIN STOCKS

Soybeans stored in all positions on December 1, 2010 in the U. S. totaled 2.28 billion bushels, down 3 percent from December 1, 2009. Soybean stocks stored on farms totaled 1.09 billion bushels, down 11 percent from a year ago. Off-farm stocks, at 1.19 billion bushels, are up 7 percent from last December. Indicated disappearance for September - November 2010 totaled 1.20 billion bushels, up 4 percent from the same period a year earlier.

Corn stored in all positions on December 1, 2010 in the U. S. totaled 10.0 billion bushels, down 8 percent from December 1, 2009. Of the total stocks, 6.30 billion bushels are stored on farms, down 15 percent from a year earlier. Off-farm stocks, at 3.74 billion bushels, are up 7 percent from a year ago. The September - November 2010 indicated disappearance is 4.11 billion bushels, compared with 3.86 billion bushels during the same period last year.

U. S. all wheat stored in all positions on December 1, 2010 totaled 1.93 billion bushels, up 8 percent from a year ago. On-farm stocks are estimated at 550 million bushels, down 2 percent from last December. Off-farm stocks, at 1.38 billion bushels, are up 13 percent from a year ago. The September - November 2010 indicated disappearance is 522 million bushels, up 22 percent from the same period a year earlier.

U. S. grain sorghum stored in all positions on December 1, 2010 totaled 236 million bushels, down 6 percent from a year ago. On-farm stocks, at 30.5 million bushels, are down 36 percent from December 1 last year. Off-farm stocks, at 205 million bushels, are up 1 percent from a year earlier. The September - November 2010 indicated disappearance from all positions is 151 million bushels, down 19 percent from the same period in 2009.

Rough rice stocks in all positions on December 1, 2010 in the U. S. totaled 173 million hundredweight (cwt), up 10 percent from the total on December 1, 2009. Stocks held on farms totaled 63.3 million cwt, and off-farm stocks totaled 110 million cwt. Long grain varieties accounted for 71 percent of the total rough rice, medium grain accounted for 27 percent, and short grain varieties accounted for 2 percent. Milled rice stocks in all positions totaled 6.30 million cwt, up 11 percent from a year ago. Milled rice stocks were comprised of 4.51 million cwt of whole kernel rice and 1.80 million cwt of second heads, screenings, and brewers rice.

Audio Commentary

Press Release Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available on the

Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/