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March 31, 2011

Missouri Corn Acreage Up 5 Percent

(COLUMBIA, MO) – Missouri farmers reported their planting intentions for the upcoming growing season in an annual survey conducted by the Missouri Agricultural Statistics Service. “Missouri’s farmers are responding to prices and expect to plant more corn and soybean acres than last year,” said Gene Danekas, Director, Missouri Agricultural Statistics. “Furthermore, they intend for cotton and wheat acreages to near normal acreage levels while sorghum acreage would be the lowest on record.”

Corn acreage planted by Missouri farmers is expected to be 3.30 million acres in 2011, up 5 percent from the 3.15 million acres planted for all purposes last year and 10 percent more than the 2009 level of 3.00 million acres. This is the highest planted acreage since 2007 when 3.45 million acres were planted and the second largest since 1971.

Soybean planted acres in Missouri are expected to total 5.30 million acres, 3 percent above last year’s 5.15 million acres but down 1 percent from 2009 when 5.35 million acres were planted.

Sorghum is expected to be planted on 40,000 acres in Missouri, down 20 percent from 2009 when 50,000 acres were planted and 56 percent less than the 90,000 acres planted in 2008. If realized, this would be the smallest acreage since records began in 1929. The lowest level in the State prior to the current estimate was last year.

Winter wheat plantings in Missouri are estimated at 830,000 acres, up 125 percent from 2010 and 11 percent above the December forecast of 750,000.

Cotton producers in Missouri intend to plant 360,000 acres this year, 16 percent above last year’s 310,000 planted acres and 32 percent greater than 2009 when 272,000 acres were planted.

Rice is expected to be planted on 202,000 acres in Missouri this year, down 20 percent from last year’s record 253,000 acres but even with 2009 planted acres.

Hay is expected to be harvested from 3.80 million acres in Missouri, a decrease of 1 percent from last year when 3.84 million acres were cut, and 2 percent below 2009 when 3.88 million acres were harvested.

United States Intended Plantings

Corn growers intend to plant 92.2 million acres of corn for all purposes in 2011, up 5 percent from last year and 7 percent higher than in 2009. If realized, this will be the second highest planted acreage in the United States since 1944, behind only the 93.5 million acres planted in 2007. Acreage increases of 250,000 or more are expected in Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, and South Dakota.

Soybean planted area for 2011 is estimated at 76.6 million acres, down 1 percent from last year. If realized, the United States planted area will be the third largest on record. Compared with last year, planted acreage declines of 100,000 acres or more are expected in Iowa, Kansas, Mississippi, Nebraska, and Ohio.

All wheat planted area is estimated at 58.0 million acres, up 8 percent from last year. The 2011 winter wheat planted area, at 41.2 million acres, is 10 percent above last year and up 1 percent from the previous estimate.

All cotton plantings for 2011 are expected to total 12.6 million acres, 15 percent above last year. Upland acreage is expected to total 12.3 million acres, up 14 percent from 2010. Cotton acreage increases are expected in every State. The largest increase, at 548,000 acres, is expected in Texas. Acreage increases of more than 100,000 acres are expected in North Carolina, Georgia, and Mississippi.

Missouri Grain Stocks

Corn stocks in all positions in Missouri on March 1, 2011 totaled 124 million bushels, 38 percent below last year at this time. On-farm stocks stood at 65.0 million bushels, down 52 percent from March 1, 2010, while off-farm stocks decreased 11 percent to 59.3 million bushels. This is the lowest corn stocks level since 2004.

Soybean stocks in all positions in Missouri on March 1 totaled 47.8 million bushels, down 27 percent from a year earlier. Stocks on farms accounted for 26.0 million bushels, 37 percent below last year, while soybeans in commercial facilities in the State totaled 21.8 million bushels, and 11 percent below March 1, 2010. This is the lowest soybean stocks level since 2004.

Wheat stocks in Missouri had 20.9 million bushels of on hand on March 1, a decrease of 22 percent from a year earlier. Wheat on farms totaled 120,000 bushels, down 92 percent from last year. Commercial facilities held 20.7 million bushels, 18 percent below a year earlier. This is the lowest on-farm wheat stocks on record.

Sorghum stocks in Missouri on March 1 totaled 849,000 bushels, down 46 percent from last year. Sorghum stocks on farms accounted for 420,000 bushels, 57 percent below a year ago, while off-farm facilities held 429,000 bushels, down 29 percent from March 1, 2010. This is the lowest sorghum stocks level since 1957.

Rough rice stocks in all positions in Missouri on March 1 totaled 7.19 million cwt., 106 percent above a year earlier.

United States Crop Stocks

Corn stocks in all positions on March 1, 2011 totaled 6.52 billion bushels, down 15 percent from March 1, 2010. Of the total stocks, 3.38 billion bushels are stored on farms, down 26 percent from a year earlier. Off-farm stocks, at 3.14 billion bushels, are down slightly from a year ago. The December 2010 - February 2011 indicated disappearance is 3.53 billion bushels, compared with 3.21 billion bushels during the same period last year.

Soybeans stored in all positions on March 1, 2011 totaled 1.25 billion bushels, down 2 percent from March 1, 2010. Soybean stocks stored on farms are estimated at 505 million bushels, down 17 percent from a year ago. Off-farm stocks, at 744 million bushels, are up 13 percent from last March. Indicated disappearance for the December 2010 - February 2011 quarter totaled 1.03 billion bushels, down 4 percent from the same period a year earlier.

All wheat stored in all positions on March 1, 2011 totaled 1.42 billion bushels, up 5 percent from a year ago. On-farm stocks are estimated at 288 million bushels, down 17 percent from last March. Off-farm stocks, at 1.14 billion bushels, are up 13 percent from a year ago. The December 2010 - February 2011 indicated disappearance is 508 million bushels, up 20 percent from the same period a year earlier.

Press Release Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available on the

Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/