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June 24, 2011

Missouri Hog and Pig Inventory Declines

(COLUMBIA, Mo.)  - The June 1, 2011 inventory of Missouri hogs and pigs is estimated at 2.80 million head according to the USDA’s Missouri Agricultural Statistics Service.  “Even though litter rates persist in setting new records, the total number of hogs and pigs continues to decline” says Gene Danekas, Director.  “Total inventories are 50,000 head below March 1, 2011 and 200,000 head below last June.”  Breeding hogs are estimated at 355,000 head, 1 percent below the previous quarter, but 1 percent above last year.  Market hogs are estimated at 2.45 million head, down 2 percent from March and 8 percent below a year earlier.

The March-May pig crop is estimated at 1.91 million head, 8 percent above the number of pigs born during the December-February quarter but down virtually unchanged from the same period a year ago. Farrowings, at 185,000 sows, were up 10,000 sows from the previous quarter, but down 5,000 sows from a year earlier. A new record pigs saved per litter, at 10.3 pigs, rose 2 percent from the 10.1 pigs saved in the previous and the 10.05 pigs saved during the quarter a year ago.

Missouri hog producers intend to farrow 185,000 sows during June-August, 5,000 head more than the number that were actually farrowed during the same period a year earlier.  During September-November, hog producers also expect to farrow 185,000 sows, 5,000 head less than the actual farrowings in the comparable period a year earlier.

U.S. Hog Inventory up 1 Percent

United States inventory of all hogs and pigs on June 1, 2011 was 65.0 million head. This was up 1 percent from June 1, 2010, and up 2 percent from March 1, 2011.

Breeding inventory in the U. S., at 5.80 million head, was up slightly from last year, and up slightly from the previous quarter. U. S. market hog inventory, at 59.2 million head, was up 1 percent from last year, and up 2 percent from last quarter.

The March-May 2011 pig crop for the U. S., at 28.9 million head, was up slightly from 2010 but down 1 percent from 2009. U. S. sows farrowing during this period totaled 2.88 million head, down 2 percent from 2010 and down 5 percent from 2009. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 50 percent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter in the U. S. was a record high 10.03 for the March-May 2011 period, compared to 9.81 last year. Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.50 for operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 10.10 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.

United States hog producers intentions are to have 2.87 million sows farrow during the June-August 2011 quarter, down 3 percent from the actual farrowings during the same period in 2010, and down 3 percent from 2009. Intended farrowings for September-November 2011, at 2.85 million sows, are down 1 percent from 2010 and down 2 percent from 2009.

The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with over 5,000 head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 45 percent of the total United States hog inventory, up from 44 percent last year.